Deputy Secretary of State of the United States of America
US Department of State official seal.svg
Seal of the Department of State
Flag of the United States Deputy Secretary of State.svg
Flag of the Deputy Secretary of State
Deputy Secretary Sherman
Incumbent
Wendy Sherman

since April 14, 2021
Department of State
Reports toThe United States Secretary of State
SeatWashington, D.C.
AppointerThe President
with Senate advice and consent
Term lengthNo fixed term
FormationJuly 13, 1972
First holderJohn N. Irwin II
SalaryExecutive Schedule, Level 2
WebsiteOfficial website

The Deputy Secretary of State of the United States is the principal deputy to the secretary of state. The current deputy Secretary of State is Wendy Ruth Sherman, serving since April 2021 under secretary of state Antony Blinken.[1] If the secretary of state resigns or dies, the deputy secretary of state becomes acting secretary of state until the President nominates and the Senate confirms a replacement. The position was created in 1972. Prior to July 13, 1972, the Under Secretary of State had been the second ranking officer of the Department of State. The position is currently held by Wendy Sherman.

The State Department is the only federal Cabinet-level agency to have two co-equal Deputy Secretaries. The second Deputy Secretary of State, the Deputy Secretary of State for Management and Resources, serves as the "first assistant" for the purposes of the Vacancies Reform Act, but both deputy secretaries have full delegated authority to act for the secretary, if not otherwise prohibited by law.

Certain Deputy Secretaries of State went on to become appointed as the Secretary of State, such as Lawrence Eagleburger in 1992,[2] Warren Christopher in 1993,[3] and Antony Blinken in 2021.[4]

List of deputy secretaries of state

# Portrait Name Term began Term ended President(s) served under
1
John N. Irwin, II.jpg
John N. Irwin II July 13, 1972 February 1, 1973 Richard Nixon
2
Kenneth-Rush-1977.jpg
Kenneth Rush February 2, 1973 May 29, 1974
3
Robert S. Ingersoll.jpg
Robert S. Ingersoll July 10, 1974 March 31, 1976
Gerald Ford
4
Charles W. Robinson.JPG
Charles W. Robinson April 9, 1976 January 20, 1977
5
Warren Christopher.jpg
Warren Christopher February 26, 1977 January 16, 1981 Jimmy Carter
6
William patrick clark.png
William P. Clark Jr. February 25, 1981 February 9, 1982 Ronald Reagan
7
Walter J. Stoessel, Jr.jpg
Walter J. Stoessel Jr. February 11, 1982 September 22, 1982
8
Kenneth Dam.jpg
Kenneth W. Dam September 23, 1982 June 15, 1985
9
John C Whitehead.png
John C. Whitehead July 9, 1985 January 20, 1989
10
Lawrence Eagleburger.jpg
Lawrence Eagleburger January 20, 1989 December 8, 1992 George H. W. Bush
11
CRW JR 1987.JPG
Clifton R. Wharton Jr. January 27, 1993 November 8, 1993 Bill Clinton
12
StrobeTalbott.jpg
Strobe Talbott February 22, 1994 January 19, 2001
13
Richard L. Armitage.jpeg
Richard Armitage March 26, 2001 February 22, 2005 George W. Bush
14
Zoellick, Robert (official portrait 2008).jpg
Robert Zoellick February 22, 2005 July 7, 2006
15
John Negroponte official portrait State.jpg
John Negroponte February 13, 2007 January 28, 2009
16
Jim Steinberg.jpg
James Steinberg January 28, 2009 July 28, 2011 Barack Obama
17
AmbassadorBurns.jpg
William J. Burns July 28, 2011 November 3, 2014
Wendy R. Sherman.jpg
Wendy Sherman
Acting
November 3, 2014 January 9, 2015
18
Antony Blinken.jpg
Antony Blinken January 9, 2015 January 20, 2017
Ambassador Thomas Shannon.jpg
Thomas A. Shannon Jr.
Acting
February 1, 2017 May 24, 2017 Donald Trump
19
John J Sullivan.jpg
John J. Sullivan May 24, 2017 December 20, 2019
20
Stephen E. Biegun official photo.jpg
Stephen Biegun December 21, 2019 January 20, 2021
21
Deputy Secretary Sherman
Wendy Sherman April 14, 2021 Incumbent Joe Biden

References

  1. ^ "1 FAM 030 Office of the Deputy Secretary of State (D)". U.S. Department of State. April 9, 2015. Retrieved February 14, 2017.
  2. ^ "Biographies of the Secretaries of State: Lawrence Sidney Eagleburger (1930–2011)". U.S. Department of State. n.d. Retrieved March 10, 2021.
  3. ^ "Biographies of the Secretaries of State: Warren Minor Christopher (1925–2011)". U.S. Department of State. n.d. Retrieved March 10, 2021.
  4. ^ "Biographies of the Secretaries of State: Antony Blinken (1962–)". U.S. Department of State. n.d. Retrieved March 10, 2021.