One hundred dollars
(United States)
Width156 mm
Height66.3 mm
Weight≈ 1.0[1] g
Security featuresSecurity fibers, watermark, 3D security ribbon, security thread, color shifting ink, microprinting, raised printing, EURion constellation
Material used75% cotton
25% linen
Years of printing1861–present
DesignBenjamin Franklin's portrait by Joseph Duplessis, Declaration of Independence, quill pen, Syng inkwell with an imbedded image of the Liberty Bell
Design date2009
DesignIndependence Hall
Design date2009

The United States one-hundred-dollar bill ($100) is a denomination of United States currency. The first United States Note with this value was issued in 1862 and the Federal Reserve Note version was first produced in 1914.[2] Inventor and U.S. Founding Father Benjamin Franklin has been featured on the obverse of the bill since 1914,[3] which now also contains stylized images of the Declaration of Independence, a quill pen, the Syng inkwell, and the Liberty Bell. The reverse depicts Independence Hall in Philadelphia, which it has featured since 1928.[3]

The $100 bill is the largest denomination that has been printed and circulated since July 13, 1969, when the larger denominations of $500, $1,000, $5,000, and $10,000 were retired.[4] As of December 2018, the average life of a $100 bill in circulation is 22.9 years before it is replaced due to wear.

The bills are also commonly referred to as "Bens", "Benjamins", or "Franklins", in reference to the use of Benjamin Franklin's portrait by the French painter Joseph Duplessis on the denomination, as "C-Notes" or "Century Notes", based on the Roman numeral for 100, or as "blue faces", based on the blue tint of Franklin's face in the current design. The bill is one of two denominations printed today that does not feature a president of the United States, the other being the $10 bill, featuring Alexander Hamilton. The Series 2009 $100 bill redesign was unveiled on April 21, 2010, and was issued to the public on October 8, 2013. The new bill costs 12.6 cents to produce and has a blue ribbon woven into the center of the currency with "100" and Liberty Bells, alternating, that appear when the bill is tilted.

As of June 30, 2012, the $100 bill comprised 77% of all US currency in circulation.[5] Federal Reserve data from 2017 showed that the number of $100 bills exceeded the number of $1 bills. However, a 2018 research paper by the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago estimated that 80 percent of $100 bills were in other countries. Possible reasons included $100 bills being used as a reserve currency against economic instability that affected other currencies, and use of the bills for criminal activities.[6]


Large size notes

(approximately 7.4218 × 3.125 in ≈ 189 × 79 mm)

Small size notes

(6.14 × 2.61 in ≅ 156 × 66 mm)

Series dates

Small size

Type Series Register Treasurer Seal
National Bank Note Types 1 & 2 1929 Jones Woods Brown
Federal Reserve Bank Note 1928A Jones Woods Brown
Type Series Secretary Treasurer Seal
Gold Certificate 1928 Mellon Woods Gold
Legal Tender Note 1966 Fowler Granahan Red
Legal Tender Note 1966A Kennedy Elston Red
Federal Reserve Note 1928 Mellon Woods Green
Federal Reserve Note 1928A Mellon Woods Green
Federal Reserve Note 1934 Morgenthau Julian Green
Federal Reserve Note 1934A Morgenthau Julian Green
Federal Reserve Note 1934B Vinson Julian Green
Federal Reserve Note 1934C Snyder Julian Green
Federal Reserve Note 1934D Snyder Clark Green
Federal Reserve Note 1950 Snyder Clark Green
Federal Reserve Note 1950A Humphrey Priest Green
Federal Reserve Note 1950B Anderson Priest Green
Federal Reserve Note 1950C Dillon Smith Green
Federal Reserve Note 1950D Dillon Granahan Green
Federal Reserve Note 1950E Fowler Granahan Green
Federal Reserve Note 1963A Fowler Granahan Green
Federal Reserve Note 1969 Kennedy Elston Green
Federal Reserve Note 1969A Connally Kabis Green
Federal Reserve Note 1969C Shultz Bañuelos Green
Federal Reserve Note 1974 Simon Neff Green
Federal Reserve Note 1977 Blumenthal Morton Green
Federal Reserve Note 1981 Regan Buchanan Green
Federal Reserve Note 1981A Regan Ortega Green
Federal Reserve Note 1985 Baker Ortega Green
Federal Reserve Note 1988 Brady Ortega Green
Federal Reserve Note 1990 Brady Villalpando Green
Federal Reserve Note 1993 Bentsen Withrow Green
Federal Reserve Note 1996 Rubin Withrow Green
Federal Reserve Note 1999 Summers Withrow Green
Federal Reserve Note 2001 O'Neill Marin Green
Federal Reserve Note 2003 Snow Marin Green
Federal Reserve Note 2003A Snow Cabral Green
Federal Reserve Note 2006 Paulson Cabral Green
Federal Reserve Note 2006A Paulson Cabral Green
Federal Reserve Note 2009 Geithner Rios Green
Federal Reserve Note 2009A Geithner Rios Green
Federal Reserve Note 2013 Lew Rios Green
Federal Reserve Note 2017A Mnuchin Carranza Green

Withdrawal of large denomination bills ($500 and up)

Main article: Large denominations of United States currency

On July 14, 1969, the Federal Reserve announced that the large denominations of United States currency would be withdrawn from circulation; banks were instructed to return any notes received or deposited larger than $100 to the United States Treasury. While the larger denominations remained legal tender,[13] with their removal, the $100 note was the largest denomination remaining in circulation. All the Federal Reserve Notes produced from Series 1928 up to before Series 1969 (i.e. 1928, 1928A, 1934, 1934A, 1934B, 1934C, 1934D, 1950, 1950A, 1950B, 1950C, 1950D, 1950E, 1963, 1966, 1966A) of the $100 denomination added up to $23.1708 billion.[14] Since some banknotes had been destroyed, and the population was 200 million at the time, there was less than one $100 banknote per capita circulating.

As of June 30, 1969, the U.S. coins and banknotes in circulation of all denominations were worth $50.936 billion of which $4.929 billion was circulating overseas.[15] So the currency and coin circulating within the United States was $230 per capita. Since 1969, the demand for U.S. currency has greatly increased. The total amount of circulating currency and coin passed one trillion dollars in March 2011.

Despite the degradation in the value of the U.S. $100 banknote (which was worth about $798 in 1969), and despite competition from some more valuable foreign notes (most notably, the 500 euro banknote), there are no current plans to re-issue banknotes above $100. Today's widespread use of electronic means to conduct high-value transactions has made large-scale physical cash transactions for legitimate business unnecessary, from the government's point of view. Quoting T. Allison, Assistant to the Board of the Federal Reserve System in his October 8, 1998 testimony before the U.S. House of Representatives, Subcommittee on Domestic and International Monetary Policy, Committee on Banking and Financial Services:

There are public policies against reissuing the $500 note, mainly because many of those efficiency gains, such as lower shipment and storage costs, would accrue not only to legitimate users of bank notes but also to money launderers, tax evaders and a variety of other lawbreakers who use currency in their criminal activity. While it is not at all clear that the volume of illegal drugs sold or the amount of tax evasion would necessarily increase just as a consequence of the availability of a larger dollar denomination bill, it no doubt is the case that if wrongdoers were provided with an easier mechanism to launder their funds and hide their profits, enforcement authorities could have a harder time detecting certain illicit transactions occurring in cash.[16]


  1. ^ "Currency Faacts". U.S. Currency Education Program. Retrieved 14 July 2020.
  2. ^ Barbara Maranzani (April 25, 2013). "It's All About the (New) Benjamins". Archived from the original on 2013-06-16.
  3. ^ a b c Sandra Choron; Harry Choron (2011). Money: Everything You Never Knew About Your Favorite Thing to Find, Save, Spend & Covet. Chronicle Books. p. 208. ISBN 9781452105598.
  4. ^ "For Collectors: Large Denominations". Bureau of Engraving and Printing. Archived from the original on September 11, 2007. Retrieved 2012-04-06.
  5. ^ Phillips, Matt (21 November 2012). "Why the share of $100 bills in circulation has been going up for over 40 years". Quartz. The Atlantic Media Company. Retrieved 5 March 2019.
  6. ^ Telford, Taylor; Whalen, Jeanne (5 March 2019). "There are more $100 bills in circulation than $1 bills, and it makes no cents". News & Record. Retrieved 5 March 2019 – via The Washington Post.
  7. ^ Hamilton, Robert A. (1990-08-12). "Secret Service Faces A Rise in Counterfeiting". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2022-12-21.
  8. ^ USPaperMoney.Info: Series 1996 $100 July 1999
  9. ^ USPaperMoney.Info: Series 2006 $100 April 2012
  10. ^ "Federal Reserve Announces Day of Issue of Redesigned $100 Note". U.S. Currency Education Program. Retrieved 14 July 2020.
  11. ^ Crane Currency. "MOTION Micro-Optics Banknote Security". Retrieved 6 October 2017.
  12. ^ uscurrency. "$100 Note Podcast Episode: 1". YouTube. Archived from the original on 2013-03-26. Retrieved 2012-04-06.
  13. ^ "U.S. Bureau of Engraving and Printing - U.S. Currency". 2014-06-25. Archived from the original on 25 June 2014. Retrieved 2021-12-25.
  14. ^ "US Paper Money information: Serial Number Ranges". USPaperMoney.Info. Retrieved 2012-04-06.
  15. ^ "Some Tables of Historical U.S. Currency and Monetary Aggregates Data" (PDF). Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis. Retrieved 2012-04-06.
  16. ^ "Will Jumbo Euro Notes Threaten the Greenback?". U.S. House of Representatives. October 8, 1998. Retrieved 2012-04-06.

Further reading