University of Puerto Rico
Seal of the University of Puerto Rico
Latin: Universitas Portoricensis
Former names
Escuela Normal (Normal school)
TypePublic
Established1903; 121 years ago (1903)
Academic affiliations
Sea-grant, Space-grant
Budget$1.52 billion (2014)[a]
PresidentLuis A. Ferrao
Academic staff
4,448[2]
Administrative staff
11,178[3]
Students44,233
Location,
Campus11 campuses
Websitewww.upr.edu

The University of Puerto Rico (Spanish: Universidad de Puerto Rico), often shortened to UPR, is the main public university system in the U.S. Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. It is a government-owned corporation with 11 campuses and approximately 44,200 students and approximately 4,450 faculty members.[4] UPR has the largest and most diverse academic offerings in the commonwealth, with 472 academic programs of which 32 lead to a doctorate.[5]

History

In 1900, at Fajardo, the Escuela Normal Industrial (normal school) was established as the first higher education center in Puerto Rico. Its initial enrollment was 20 students and 5 professors.[6] The following year it was moved to Río Piedras. On March 12, 1903, the legislature authorized founding of the University of Puerto Rico, and that day the "Escuela Normal" was proclaimed as its first department.[7]

Aerial view of the Río Piedras Campus
Portico of the Mayagüez Campus (RUM)
The University of Puerto Rico main tower (this tower is inspired by the Giralda, the medieval tower of the cathedral of Seville) includes the emblems both of Harvard University—the oldest in the United States—and University of San Marcos—the oldest in the Americas.

In 1908, the Morrill-Nelson Act was extended to Puerto Rico, making the university a "Land Grant College," which authorizes the use of federal land to establish colleges of agriculture, science and engineering.[8] Two years later, in 1910, the College of Liberal Arts was established and the year following that the College of Agriculture at Mayagüez came into being. In 1912, the name was changed to College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts.[7]

1913 – The Departments of Pharmacy and Law were established.

1923 – The University Act of 1923– the university reorganized administratively it independent Insular Department of Education, provides the Board of Trustees as the governing board, and make the position of Rector as the principal officer. In 1924 the governor appointed the first Rector.

1924 – The administrative structure and identity of the University of Puerto Rico becomes independent from the Department of Public Instruction.

1926 – The School of Commerce (later School of Business Administration) and the School of Tropical Medicine were established.

1927 – Opening of the first graduate program: the Master of Arts in Hispanic Studies.

1928 – The San Felipe Segundo hurricane struck the island of Puerto Rico and caused serious damage in the Río Piedras campus. Staff and faculty began a reconstruction effort.

1935 – The U.S. Congress extended to Puerto Rico the benefits of Bankhead-Jones Act, which provided funding for research and the construction of more buildings.

1936–1939 – Major structures in Spanish Renaissance style are built in the quadrangle in Río Piedras, including buildings such as the Tower Theatre.

1938 – Augusto Rodríguez composed the music and lyrics Arriví Francisco's Alma Mater, the university anthem.

1942 – Act No. 135 of May 7, 1942, amendment to the university, created the Higher Education Council as the governing board of the institution and regulator of the higher education system in Puerto Rico.

1946 – The university received accreditation from the Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools.

1966 – Act No. 1 of 1966, restructuring the university. The system change to three campuses-Río Piedras, Mayagüez and Medical Sciences.

1967 – Creation of the regional colleges: Arecibo, Cayey and Humacao. Five more were created in the following years: Ponce (1969), Bayamón (1971), Aguadilla (1972), Carolina (1973), and Utuado (1978).

1979 – WRTU-FM began broadcasting from the Río Piedras campus.

1998 – Act No. 186 of August 7, 1998, provides for the gradual autonomy of regional schools as provided by the Board of Trustees, to lead to eleven autonomous units.[8]

2010–2011 University of Puerto Rico strikes where a series of strikes which occurred as a result of administrative budget cuts and an attempt to impose an $800 quota for students.

July 2010, the Middle States Commission on Higher Education placed the accreditation of the university on probation citing concerns about shortfalls in the governance of the institution.[9] By the end of 2011, all 11 campuses had regained full accreditation after demonstrating significant progress in this area.

2017 – The UPR's staff organized a strike in opposition to budget cuts proposed by the Financial Oversight and Management Board for Puerto Rico.[10]

After the impact of Hurricane Maria the university suffered damages totaling over $175 million. The university system was still in the process of acquiring FEMA funding to repair damages and as a result still suffered from structural damage months after the hurricane.[11] The hurricane also affected the process of accreditation since eight campuses where in non compliance according to of the Middle States Commission on Higher Education.[12] The eleven campuses opened within two months of Hurricane Maria, offering a sense of structure and normalcy for professors and students.[13]

2019– During Jorge Haddock tenure the university newspaper, Diálogo, after 32 years in print, was moved online and employees were laid off until only the editor and an assistant remained. They were reassigned, while the newspaper was moved from the central administration to the Arecibo campus.[14]

2021 – In June the Financial Oversight and Management Board cut $94 million from the UPR budget which would have drastically affected the institutions ability to operate.[15] The local government intervened and assigned the money necessary before the August semester commenced.[16]

Organization

Board of trustees

The board of trustees is the governing body of the University of Puerto Rico.

On April 30, 2013, governor Alejandro García Padilla signed into law Act 13 of 2014 enacted by the 17th Legislative Assembly. The act effectively replaced the incumbent board with an entirely new board. In 2017, the board was changed once again by governor Ricardo Rosselló.[17]

Campuses

Main article: List of University of Puerto Rico campuses

Campus Municipality Enrollment[18][19]
University of Puerto Rico, Medical Sciences Campus San Juan 2,657
University of Puerto Rico at Aguadilla Aguadilla 2,018[20]
University of Puerto Rico at Arecibo Arecibo 2,868
University of Puerto Rico at Bayamón Bayamón 3,025
University of Puerto Rico at Carolina Carolina 2,533
University of Puerto Rico at Cayey Cayey 2,291
University of Puerto Rico at Humacao Humacao 2,634
University of Puerto Rico at Mayagüez Mayagüez 10,071
University of Puerto Rico at Ponce Ponce 2,206
University of Puerto Rico at Río Piedras San Juan 13,599
University of Puerto Rico at Utuado Utuado 331[21]

Presidents

Campus radio

The campus radio station is called "WRTU Radio Universidad de Puerto Rico", and it was established in 1980. This is a public radio station with diverse musical and news programming.[22] Its broadcasts both in FM and online.

Admissions

UPR has the highest selectivity index of all colleges and universities in Puerto Rico,[citation needed] it has also maintained a systemwide admission rate of 67% since 1997.[citation needed] Its enrollment rate has surpassed 90% during the past five academic years.[23][full citation needed] In terms of tuition, the cost per credit is $157 per undergraduate credit and $300 per graduate credit.[24] For perspective, in 2017 the undergraduate credit cost was $53 and the graduate credit cost was $172.[25] The cost of undergraduate credit is expected to rise until it reaches $177 in 2027.[26][27]

In recent years, the University of Puerto Rico has experienced a decrease in student enrollment numbers. According to the university's reports, during the academic year 2009-2010, a total of 52,791 students were enrolled across all campuses. However, by the academic year 2014-2015, this number had decreased to 47,314 students, and in the academic year 2022-2023, the university had an enrollment of 44,233 students across its 11 campuses.[28][19]

Research

The university has a classification of "R2: Doctoral Universities – High research activity".[29]

On October 15, 2010, it was awarded over $25 million from the National Science Foundation (NSF) to support research in nanotechnology. The organization within the University of Puerto Rico impacted is called Puerto Rico EPSCoR (Experimental Program to Stimulate Competitive Research). Since its creation 24 years ago, Puerto Rico EPSCoR has received over $180 million from NSF, NASA, the U.S. Department of Energy, and the U.S. Department of Defense.[30]

On August 24, 2020, the university announced ten investigations for preventing and mitigating the spread of COVID-19 as part of $1.7 million the institution received from the local government.[31]

Rankings and notable facts

University rankings
Global – Overall
QS World[32]801–1000
THE World[33]801–1000
Regional – Overall
QS Latin America[34]40

According to the QS world ranking 2022 published in 2021, the University of Puerto Rico ranks number 40 in Latin America having dropped from 37 in 2020, but still higher than previous rankings of 42 in 2018 and 62 in 2015.[35]

As a system, the University of Puerto Rico placed in the 800–1000 bracket in the 2018 edition of QS World University Rankings.[36] Times Higher Education also ranks it in the 801–1000 bracket in the world.[37] UPR was ranked among the best 20 universities in Latin America by SCImago ranking in 2010.[38] The University of Puerto Rico ranked 18th and University of Puerto Rico at Mayagüez ranked 78th by Webometrics in Latin America.[39] The UPR is the number one university in the Caribbean according to Webometrics.[40]

The system's only school of engineering at the Mayagüez campus is accredited by ABET and graduates more than 600 engineers per year. The school was chosen as the top engineering school for Hispanics by Hispanic Engineer & Information Technology Magazine.[41]

In 2020 the director of NASA grant consortium in Puerto Rico doctor Gerardo Moller, stated that 25% of the Hispanic employees hired by NASA are graduates of the UPR.[42]

Research activity, measured in terms of external funds received, has grown exponentially since 1985, doubling every five years. In 2007–2008 the UPR received over $87 million for research.[43]

Notable alumni

Main article: List of University of Puerto Rico people

See also

Notes

  1. ^ López (2014; in Spanish) "El presupuesto actual consolidado de la institución es de $1,522 millones."[1]

References

  1. ^ López Alicea, Keila (February 27, 2014). "Severos recortes en la UPR". El Nuevo Día. Retrieved February 27, 2014.
  2. ^ "Datos Institucionales". UPR. Retrieved 2023-05-29.
  3. ^ "Datos Institucionales". UPR. Retrieved 2023-05-29.
  4. ^ "Datos Sistémicos". Datos Institucionales. Retrieved 2023-05-29.
  5. ^ "Commitment to Knowledge". acweb.upr.edu. Archived from the original on June 10, 2010. Retrieved 2023-04-09.
  6. ^ Historia de la Universidad de Puerto Rico. "Datos Históricos de la Universidad de Puerto Rico". Archived from the original on 2009-03-16. Retrieved 2009-03-16.. 2008-04-30.
  7. ^ a b Sojo Ramos, Norma. "Centenario". centenario.uprm.edu (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2006-12-12. Retrieved 2021-08-22.
  8. ^ a b "Historia". Universidad de Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021-08-22.
  9. ^ "News Archive". Retrieved 29 May 2015.
  10. ^ VOCERO, Por Perla Rodríguez, Especial para EL (5 April 2017). "Es una realidad huelga en UPR" [It's a reality strike in UPR]. El Vocero (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021-05-30.((cite web)): CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  11. ^ "Más de dos años sin que atiendan el deterioro de la UPR por María" [More than two years without attending to the deterioration of the UPR after María]. Centro de Periodismo Investigativo (in European Spanish). 17 December 2019. Retrieved 2020-08-22.
  12. ^ "MSCHE Continues Show Cause Status for 11 UPR Institutions". Middle States Commission on Higher Education. 2019-03-19. Retrieved 2020-08-22.
  13. ^ "How to Help the University of Puerto Rico – and How Not To". The Chronicle of Higher Education. 2017-11-27. Retrieved 2021-05-14.
  14. ^ López-Alicea, Keila (2019-04-15). "Incierto el futuro del periódico digital Diálogo". El Nuevo Día (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2019-04-16. Retrieved 2020-04-23.
  15. ^ VOCERO, Christian G. Ramos Segarra, EL (28 May 2021). "La Junta Fiscal ordena recorte de $94 millones y aumentos a la matrícula de la UPR". El Vocero de Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021-08-22.((cite web)): CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  16. ^ Caraballo, Harry Rodríguez (8 June 2021). "UPR agradece asignación de $94 millones para atenuar recortes por cientos de millones de dólares". Metro (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021-08-22.
  17. ^ Estudiantil, Pulso. "Ricardo Rosselló hace designaciones a la Junta de Gobierno UPR". Pulso Estudiantil (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021-07-12.
  18. ^ "Agencia: Universidad de Puerto Rico – Documento: Tomo II (Recomendado) – Año: 2015". www2.pr.gov. Archived from the original on 30 April 2014. Retrieved 6 June 2022.
  19. ^ a b "Datos de Matricula". Datos Institucionales. Retrieved 2023-05-29.
  20. ^ "Datos de Matricula". Datos Institucionales. Retrieved 2023-05-29.
  21. ^ Menéndez Sanabria, Pedro (2022-09-01). "En caída libre la matrícula de los recintos de la Universidad de Puerto Rico". El Vocero de Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Retrieved 2022-09-01.
  22. ^ "Radio Universidad de Puerto Rico". Retrieved 29 May 2015.
  23. ^ "Investors Resources" (PDF). www.gdb-pur.com.
  24. ^ "UPR aprueba aumentar a $124 el crédito subgraduado" [UPR approves increase to $124 for undergraduate credits]. [Primera Hora (Puerto Rico)] (in Spanish). 2019-04-05. Retrieved 2022-03-14.
  25. ^ "Cuál es el costo del crédito en las universidades de Puerto Rico". Metro Puerto Rico (in Spanish). 2017-03-28. Retrieved 2023-05-29.
  26. ^ Salamán, Adriana De Jesús. "Aumento de matrícula a la vista en nuevo plan fiscal de la UPR". Noticel (in Spanish). Retrieved 2022-08-10.
  27. ^ "Junta de Gobierno de la UPR da visto bueno a nuevo Plan Fiscal". El Nuevo Día (in Spanish). 2022-03-24. Retrieved 2023-05-29.
  28. ^ "Microsoft Power BI". app.powerbi.com. Retrieved 2023-05-29.
  29. ^ "Carnegie Classifications Institution Lookup". carnegieclassifications.iu.edu. Center for Postsecondary Education. Retrieved 13 September 2020.
  30. ^ "Home – El Nuevo Día". Elnuevodia.com. Retrieved 2013-02-11.
  31. ^ "UPR realiza 10 investigaciones para detener el Covid-19 | Educación | elvocero.com". www.elvocero.com. Retrieved 2020-08-24.
  32. ^ "QS World University Rankings 2020". Top Universities. Retrieved 13 August 2019.
  33. ^ "THE World University Rankings 2020". Times Higher Education University Rankings. Retrieved 14 September 2019.
  34. ^ "La UPR se coloca en la posición 40 de las mejores universidades de Latinoamérica". El Nuevo Día (in Spanish). 2021-08-25. Retrieved 2021-08-26.
  35. ^ "La UPR se coloca en la posición 40 de las mejores universidades de Latinoamérica" [The UPR ranked in the position 40 of the best universities of Latin America]. El Nuevo Día (in Spanish). 2021-08-25. Retrieved 2021-08-26.
  36. ^ "Universidad de Puerto Rico". Top Universities. Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. Retrieved 8 December 2017.
  37. ^ "QS World University Rankings 2020". Top Universities. Retrieved 13 August 2019.
  38. ^ College and university rankings#SCImago institutions rankings: 2009 world report
  39. ^ "Ranking Web of Universities, Latin America". Retrieved 4 May 2021.
  40. ^ "Ranking Web of Universities, Caribbean". Retrieved 4 May 2021.
  41. ^ "Schools". Hispanicengineer.com. Archived from the original on March 28, 2010. Retrieved 2010-07-29.
  42. ^ "El 25% del personal hispano de NASA es egresado de la UPR". Primera Hora. 31 May 2020. Retrieved 2020-08-24.
  43. ^ "Vice President for Research and Technology". acweb.upr.edu. Archived from the original on November 30, 2014.
  44. ^ "ACEVEDO-VILÁ, Aníbal - Biographical Information". Retrieved 29 May 2015.
  45. ^ "ROMERO-BARCELÓ, Carlos A. - Biographical Information". Retrieved 29 May 2015.
  46. ^ Biographical information from the Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress

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