Montreal
Montréal
Quebec MRC Montréal location map.svg
Coordinates: 45°30′N 73°34′W / 45.500°N 73.567°W / 45.500; -73.567Coordinates: 45°30′N 73°34′W / 45.500°N 73.567°W / 45.500; -73.567
Country Canada
Province Quebec
Government
 • MayorValérie Plante
 • President of Executive CommmitteeDominique Ollivier
Area
 • Land499.26 km2 (192.77 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)[1]
 • Total1,942,044
DemonymMontréalais(e)/Montrealer
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
Postal code
Area code514 and 438
Websitemontreal.gouv.qc.ca
[2]

Montreal is one of the administrative regions of the Canadian province of Quebec. It is also a territory equivalent to a regional county municipality (TE) and a census division (CD), for both of which its geographical code is 66. Prior to the merger of the municipalities in Region 06 in 2002, the administrative region was co-extensive with the Montreal Urban Community.

Located in the southern part of the province, the territory includes several of the islands of the Hochelaga Archipelago in the Saint Lawrence River, including the Island of Montreal, Nuns' Island (Île des Sœurs), Île Bizard, Saint Helen's Island (Île Sainte-Hélène), Île Notre-Dame, Dorval Island (Île Dorval), and several others.

The region is the second-smallest in area (499.26 km², or 192.77 sq mi) and most populous (1,942,044 as of the 2016 Canadian Census)[1] of Quebec's seventeen administrative regions.

Government

The region consists of the 2002–2005 territory of the city of Montreal, and is coextensive with the Urban Agglomeration of Montreal (French: Agglomération de Montréal). Following merger of the municipalities of the agglomeration on January 1, 2002, sixteen of its municipalities were reconstituted on January 1, 2006.

The urban agglomeration is governed by the Montreal Agglomeration Council (French: Conseil d'agglomération de Montréal), which is composed of the Mayor of Montreal as the ex-officio leader, the 14 mayors of the reconstituted cities, and 15 city councillors. The executive of the council is the Montreal Executive Committee, which can be headed by the Mayor of Montreal or a councillor the mayor appoints. The weighting of votes for the council breaks down to 87% for the City of Montreal, and 13% for the other municipalities of the Island of Montreal.[3]

Powers

The agglomeration council is granted responsibility over:[4]

And any other local responsibilities under the Municipal Powers Act. However, the city of Montreal is not obligated to execute these powers, and may delegate powers to local municipalities or other governing bodies.[4]

Powers delegated to the Montreal Metropolitan Community (French: Communauté métropolitaine de Montréal, CMM), the regional government of Greater Montreal, by the urban agglomeration include public housing, economic development, and water supply and water treatment.[5] Responsibility for public transit is shared with the agglomeration directly appointing members to the RTM, the regional transportation authority, and indirectly appointing members to the ARTM, the regional public transport planning authority, via the Montreal Metropolitan Community.

Subdivisions

Map of the subdivisions of the urban agglomeration of Montreal.
Map of the subdivisions of the urban agglomeration of Montreal.

Cities

Village

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "Census Profile, 2016 Census: Montréal [Economic region], Quebec". Statistics Canada. Retrieved November 22, 2019.
  2. ^ "La région de Montréal, ainsi que ses MRC et TE". Profils des régions et des MRC (in French). Quebec: Institut de la statistique du Québec. 2011. Retrieved 11 September 2012.
  3. ^ The Gazette (Montreal), "Tremblay eats crow at council", Linda Gyulal, 4 December 2009 (accessed 12/01/10)
  4. ^ a b "E-20.001 - Act respecting the exercise of certain municipal powers in certain urban agglomerations". Publications Quebec. Quebec Ministère du Travail, de l'Emploi et de la Solidarité sociale. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  5. ^ "2018 Document de Presentation de la CMM" (PDF). Communauté métropolitaine de Montréal. Communauté métropolitaine de Montréal. Retrieved 27 November 2021.