Despite occasional urban myths, Milton Keynes is not named after Milton Friedman and John Maynard Keynes. The name is centuries old and comes from an ancient village that is now part of the new city. Though it could be that JMK is descended from the de Cahaignes, the Anglo-Norman family who once owned these parts.

JMF is none of the above.

Friedman rule

I am not responsible for the Friedman rule, it was the other bloke.

Talk to me

Leave a message on my talk page ->

GAs and DYKs

Good Articles that I nominated

Did You Know features from these GAs

My useful links


R template

template:r is a quick way to shorten named refs and include chapter/section/page numbers.

Bare URLs



Got title, need ISBN, publisher etc

Following a link from an isbn= took me to and I found that it is far better than Google (or Amazon) when doing the reverse – I have a title but I need its ISBN. It also gives publisher, location, date, translator – just what one needs to complete a template:cite book.

Historic England



Statutes at large

Old OS maps

Book sources

Wlinking to an older instance of a page


with this diff, xyz

"[ ... ] You can also use the ((oldid)) template: my sandbox or go through a special page my sandbox." Gospel according to Redrose64 🌹

Antivandalism and other warnings

Editing talk pages

((od)) restart indent sequence

IP editors

Obscure but useful links

Screen-reader ready

It just shouldn't rely on color and/or font alone; if it's marked up with <kbd>...</kbd> (which indicates keystrokes or other textual input, and is more loosely spec-defined than <code>...</code>), that's a sufficient HTML/CSS handle for anyone with a screen reader to tell their software to do something specific when encountering that element. But if there's no specific element, just some CSS coloring and/or font-family on a span, all screen readers will ignore it as irrelevant visual fluff. That would mostly be a problem when the content coincides with an English word like a or I, though it would probably also affect punctuation characters (we need them to be interpreted as characters in and of themselves in these cases, not as part of the regular flow of the sentence; I think by default most screen readers would just ignore it as mis-placed punctuation (a typo), though some might even do something more wrong, e.g. misinterpret a single-quote character being presented as a glyph, as instead indicating the beginning of a quotation. While not everyone with a screen reader will do something to distinguish <kbd> markup, at least they have the option, and it won't be dependent on using a unique-to-WP CSS class, either, so easier to deal with on their end.


Rather than outright copy the lead of another article, use ((excerpt)) to replicate it automagically.

Collapsible list

Better disambiguation articles and See also lists

but... Wikipedia talk:Short description/Archive 9#Length – 40 or 90 characters??

Trouble at t'mill

My test page

User:John Maynard Friedman/Test

Things to follow up

Circumflex example at ((infobox punctuation mark)) sb combining version see also free-standing

OR etc

To do on a long cold wet day


Getting metro area population from Nomis

  1. then section headed Local Area Report
  2. Name of urban area and then Search ... Example: Bristol
  3. Select the relevant built up area ... Example: Built-up area (villages, towns or cities), ...Bristol (in South West Region) (caution! not "Built-up area sub divisions (town or city sub divisions)").
  4. Get the GSS E number from the response ... Example: "This report covers the characteristics of people and households in Bristol Built-up area in South West (GSS code E34004965)".
  5. Plug into template:NOMIS2011 ... Example ((NOMIS2011|id=E34004965|title=Bristol BUA)) produces UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Bristol BUA (E34004965)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. which reports "There were 617,280 usual residents as at Census day 2011".
  6. Wrap in ref tags and attach to figure in table.



  1. ^ United Kingdom Gross Domestic Product deflator figures follow the Measuring Worth "consistent series" supplied in Thomas, Ryland; Williamson, Samuel H. (2018). "What Was the U.K. GDP Then?". MeasuringWorth. Retrieved February 2, 2020.