Ust-Maya
Усть-Мая
Other transcription(s)
 • YakutУус Маайа
Location of Ust-Maya
Ust-Maya
Ust-Maya
Location of Ust-Maya
Ust-Maya
Ust-Maya
Ust-Maya (Sakha Republic)
Coordinates: 60°25′N 134°33′E / 60.417°N 134.550°E / 60.417; 134.550Coordinates: 60°25′N 134°33′E / 60.417°N 134.550°E / 60.417; 134.550
CountryRussia
Federal subjectSakha Republic[2]
Administrative districtUst-Maysky District[2]
SettlementUst-Maya[2]
Founded1930
Urban-type settlement status since1957[2]
Population
 • Total2,923
 • Estimate 
(2018)[4]
2,586 (−11.5%)
 • Capital ofSettlement of Ust-Maya[2]
 • Municipal districtUst-Maysky Municipal District[5]
 • Urban settlementUst-Maya Urban Settlement[5]
 • Capital ofUst-Maya Urban Settlement[5]
Time zoneUTC+9 (MSK+6 Edit this on Wikidata[6])
Postal code(s)[7]
678620, 678629
OKTMO ID98654151051
Ust-Maya population
2010 Census2,923[3]
2002 Census3,165[8]
1989 Census3,514[9]
1979 Census2,990[10]

Ust-Maya (Russian: Усть-Ма́я; Yakut: Уус Маайа) is an urban locality (an urban-type settlement) and the administrative center of Ust-Maysky District of the Sakha Republic, Russia, southeast of Yakutsk, the capital of the republic. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 2,293.[3]

Geography

Ust-Maya is located on the north bank of the Aldan River opposite the mouth of the Maya River. The Sette-Daban mountain range rises to the east of the town.[11]

History

Ust-Maya was founded in 1930 as a base for gold mining activities on the Allakh-Yun and Yudoma Rivers to the east.[citation needed] It became the administrative center of the newly created Ust-Maysky District in 1931.[citation needed] During World War II, an airfield was built here for the Alaska-Siberian air route used to ferry American Lend-Lease aircraft to the Eastern Front.[12] In 1957, Ust-Maya was granted urban-type settlement status.[2] In 1972, the administrative center of the district was moved to Solnechny, where it remained until 1992, when it was moved back to Ust-Maya.[citation needed]

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, the urban-type settlement of Ust-Maya[1] serves as the administrative center of Ust-Maysky District.[2] As an administrative division, it is, together with one rural locality (the selo of Ust-Yudoma), incorporated within Ust-Maysky District as the Settlement of Ust-Maya.[2] As a municipal division, the Settlement of Ust-Maya is incorporated within Ust-Maysky Municipal District as Ust-Maya Urban Settlement.[5]

Transportation

There are no year-round roads connecting Ust-Maya with outside world; however, winter roads connect it to Eldikan and Amga.

The Ust-Maya Airport (IATA: UMS) is located in the selo of Petropavlovsk, 8 kilometers (5.0 mi) to the southeast.

Climate

Ust-Maya has an extreme subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dfd). Winters are extremely cold with average temperatures from −43.0 to −35.3 °C (−45.4 to −31.5 °F) in January, while summers are warm with average temperatures from +12.1 to +25.4 °C (53.8 to 77.7 °F). Precipitation is quite low and is somewhat higher in summer than at other times of the year.

Climate data for Ust-Maya
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) −5.5
(22.1)
−2.0
(28.4)
8.9
(48.0)
17.8
(64.0)
29.7
(85.5)
35.3
(95.5)
36.3
(97.3)
34.6
(94.3)
26.2
(79.2)
15.6
(60.1)
4.0
(39.2)
−4.9
(23.2)
36.3
(97.3)
Average high °C (°F) −35.3
(−31.5)
−27
(−17)
−10.3
(13.5)
3.4
(38.1)
14.3
(57.7)
23.2
(73.8)
25.4
(77.7)
21.7
(71.1)
12.4
(54.3)
−2.7
(27.1)
−22.1
(−7.8)
−34.6
(−30.3)
−2.6
(27.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) −39.6
(−39.3)
−33.9
(−29.0)
−19.6
(−3.3)
−3.7
(25.3)
7.7
(45.9)
15.9
(60.6)
18.5
(65.3)
14.6
(58.3)
6.3
(43.3)
−7.2
(19.0)
−26.8
(−16.2)
−38.6
(−37.5)
−8.9
(16.0)
Average low °C (°F) −43
(−45)
−39.5
(−39.1)
−28.4
(−19.1)
−11
(12)
1.4
(34.5)
9.1
(48.4)
12.1
(53.8)
8.4
(47.1)
1.5
(34.7)
−11
(12)
−30.7
(−23.3)
−41.7
(−43.1)
−14.4
(6.1)
Record low °C (°F) −60.2
(−76.4)
−60
(−76)
−54.1
(−65.4)
−38.7
(−37.7)
−19.2
(−2.6)
−5.4
(22.3)
−3.1
(26.4)
−7.2
(19.0)
−17
(1)
−38.3
(−36.9)
−54.4
(−65.9)
−59.4
(−74.9)
−60.2
(−76.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 11
(0.4)
8
(0.3)
7
(0.3)
12
(0.5)
28
(1.1)
39
(1.5)
50
(2.0)
51
(2.0)
40
(1.6)
25
(1.0)
20
(0.8)
12
(0.5)
303
(11.9)
Average rainy days 0 0 0.1 3 13 14 14 14 14 4 0.1 0 76
Average snowy days 23 20 13 6 1 0 0 0 1 18 24 22 128
Average relative humidity (%) 77 77 71 62 57 62 68 73 75 80 81 78 72
Mean monthly sunshine hours 40 124 229 256 283 313 320 245 153 95 75 21 2,154
Source 1: pogoda.ru.net[13]
Source 2: NOAA (sun only, 1961-1990)[14]

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b According to Article 7 of the Law #77-I, lower-level administrative divisions with the status of a settlement have their administrative centers in an inhabited locality with the status of an urban-type settlement. According to the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic, Ust-Maya is the administrative center of the Settlement of Ust-Maya.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic
  3. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  4. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  5. ^ a b c d Law #173-Z #353-III
  6. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  7. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  8. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  9. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  10. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 г. Национальный состав населения по регионам России [All Union Population Census of 1979. Ethnic composition of the population by regions of Russia] (XLS). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 года [All-Union Population Census of 1979] (in Russian). 1979 – via Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics.
  11. ^ ТРРС 3 / 104А. Описание местности (in Russian)
  12. ^ Igor Lebedev. Aviation Lend-Lease to Russia. Nova Publishers, 1997, pp. 44–49
  13. ^ "Weather And Climate - Climate Ust-May" (in Russian). Retrieved January 18, 2013.
  14. ^ "Climate Normals for Ust-Maja". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 20, 2013.

Sources