.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{box-sizing:border-box;width:100%;padding:5px;border:none;font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .hidden-title{font-weight:bold;line-height:1.6;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output .hidden-content{text-align:left}@media all and (max-width:500px){.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{width:auto!important;clear:none!important;float:none!important))You can help expand this article with text translated from the corresponding article in German. (June 2022) Click [show] for important translation instructions. View a machine-translated version of the German article. Machine translation, like DeepL or Google Translate, is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing German Wikipedia article at [[:de:Ustjurt-Plateau]]; see its history for attribution. You may also add the template ((Translated|de|Ustjurt-Plateau)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.
This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Find sources: "Ustyurt Plateau" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (August 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this message)
Turkmen: Üstyurt
Kazakh: Үстірт
Uzbek: Ustyurt
Karakalpak: Ústirt
Ustyurt desert road
Ustyurt desert road
Map of the Ustyurt Plateau
Map of the Ustyurt Plateau
Coordinates: 43°17′N 55°33′E / 43.283°N 55.550°E / 43.283; 55.550
 • Total200,000 km2 (77,000 sq mi)
Elevation160 meters (520 ft) to 200 meters (660 ft)

The Ustyurt or Ust-Yurt (from Kazakh: Үстірт; Uzbek: Ustyurt; Turkmen: Üstyurt; Karakalpak: Ústirt — flat hill, plateau) is a transboundary clay desert shared by Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan.[1]

The plateau's semi-nomadic population raises camels, goats, and sheep.


The Ustyurt is located between the Dead Kultuk, Mangyshlak Peninsula and Kara-Bogaz-Gol of the Caspian Sea to the west, and the Aral Sea, Amudarya Delta and Sarygamysh Lake to the east.

It extends roughly 200,000 km2 (77,000 sq mi), with an average altitude of 150 m (490 ft). Its highest point rises to 370 m (1,200 ft) in the south-west.[2] At its northeastern edge it drops steeply to the Aral Sea and the surrounding plain.

The Ustyurt Plateau is bounded by steep cliffs called chinks nearly from everywhere. To the east, it encompasses the historical western shoreline of the Aral Sea. In the southern region, it extends to the Kunya-Darya alluvial plain and the valley of the Uzboy, while in the west, it reaches the Karynyaryk depression. To the north, it spans the Karakum sands of the North Caspian Sea and includes the Caspian Depression. [3] Ustyurt chinks often have multicolored layers, with colors of pale pink, blue, clear white, etc., and can form fancy landscapes.[4]

Protected areas

Kazakhstan created the Ustyurt Nature Reserve (223,300 hectares) in July, 1984 in the south of Mangystausky district in Eralievsky region.[5] It preserves rare fauna and flora such as the Ustyurt Mountain sheep and the Saiga antelope.[6] Among its features are Sherkala Mountain and the concretions found in the Torysh ('Valley of Balls') near the town of Shetpe.

See also


  1. ^ Gritsina, M. (2019). "The Caracal Caracal caracal Schreber, 1776 (Mammalia: Carnivora: Felidae) in Uzbekistan". Journal of Threatened Taxa. 11 (4): 13470–13477. doi:10.11609/jott.4375.11.4.13470-13477.
  2. ^ "The Ustyurt Plateau" (PDF). USAID. Retrieved 15 August 2016.
  4. ^ Устюртский заповедник, Западный Казахстан
  5. ^ "Ustyurtsky state natural reserve". Welcome to Kazakhstan. Silk Tour agency. Archived from the original on 13 September 2016. Retrieved 16 August 2016.
  6. ^ "Ustyurt Nature Reserve, Kazakhstan". Advantour. Retrieved 16 August 2016.