Uterine artery
Arteries of the female reproductive tract: uterine artery, ovarian artery and vaginal arteries. (Uterine artery labeled at center.)
Vessels of the uterus and its appendages, rear view. (Uterine artery labeled at center right.)
Sourceinternal iliac artery (i.e. hypogastric artery)
Veinuterine veins
Suppliesround ligament of the uterus, ovary, uterus, vagina, uterine tube
Latinarteria uterina
Anatomical terminology

The uterine artery is an artery that supplies blood to the uterus in females.


The uterine artery usually arises from the anterior division of the internal iliac artery. It travels to the uterus, crossing the ureter anteriorly, to the uterus by traveling in the cardinal ligament.[1]

Uterine artery
Uterine artery

It travels through the parametrium of the inferior broad ligament of the uterus.

It commonly anastomoses (connects with) the ovarian artery.

The uterine artery is the major blood supply to the uterus and enlarges significantly during pregnancy.

Branches and organs supplied

Clinical significance


The uterine arteries are ligated during hysterectomy.[2]

Additional images

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See also


  1. ^ Pelage, J. P.; Walker, W. J.; Dref, O. Le; Rymer, R. (2003-06-01). "Ovarian Artery: Angiographic Appearance, Embolization and Relevance to Uterine Fibroid Embolization". CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology. 26 (3): 227–233. doi:10.1007/s00270-002-1875-3. ISSN 0174-1551. PMID 14562969.
  2. ^ Pareja, Rene; Ramirez, Pedro T. (2018-01-01), Ramirez, Pedro T.; Frumovitz, Michael; Abu-Rustum, Nadeem R. (eds.), "Chapter 7 - Abdominal Radical Hysterectomy", Principles of Gynecologic Oncology Surgery, Elsevier, pp. 104–115, ISBN 978-0-323-42878-1, retrieved 2021-02-04