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Uttarakhand Kranti Dal
AbbreviationUKD
LeaderKashi Singh Airy
PresidentDiwakar Bhatt
FounderDevi Datt Pant
Indramani Badoni
Kashi Singh Airy
Founded26 July 1979 (42 years ago) (1979-07-26)
HeadquartersKranti Bhavan, 10 Court Road, Dehradun-248001, Uttarakhand
IdeologyRegionalism
Protectionism
Civic nationalism
Democratic socialism
Political positionCenter-left
Colours  Myrtle green
ECI StatusRegistered Unrecognised Party
Seats in Lok Sabha
0 / 5
Seats in Rajya Sabha
0 / 3
Seats in Uttarakhand Legislative Assembly
0 / 70
Election symbol
Indian Election Symbol Chair.png
Website
ukd.org.in

The Uttarakhand Kranti Dal (translation: Uttarakhand Revolutionary Party; abbr. UKD), is a registered unrecognised regional political party in Uttarakhand, India. It bills itself as the only regional party of the Uttarakhand in contrast to the national parties that dominate the state's politics.

In the present Uttarakhand Legislative Assembly, elected in 2022, it does not have any member as compared with one member in the previous 2012, three members in 2007 and four members in 2002 assembly elections of the state.[1]

History

Main article: Uttarakhand movement

The UKD was established on 26 July 1979 by Bipin Chandra Tripathi, Prof. Devi Datt Pant, Indramani Badoni and Kashi Singh Airy at Nanital to fight for a separate state composed of the hill districts of Uttar Pradesh. The founding convention was chaired by Prof. Devi Datt Pant, former vice-chancellor of Kumaon University. Under the young leadership of Kashi Singh Airy who took the charge of struggle and public agitation and the aim was finally achieved, when the separate Uttaranchal state was formed on 9 November 2000, later renamed Uttarakhand in 2007. However, in the first-ever state assembly elections in 2002, the party won only four out of 70 seats and was outmaneuvered by the Indian National Congress and Bharatiya Janata Party, both despite being latecomers to the Uttarakhand statehood movement, succeeded in capturing its momentum for electoral gain and formed governments in the state[citation needed]

Leadership

The party's current face is Kashi Singh Airy, a prominent leader of the Uttarakhand statehood movement and a senior leader of Uttarakhand Kranti Dal, who was elected for Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly three times (1985–1989, 1989–1991, 1993–1996) from Didihat and was elected for first Uttarakhand Legislative Assembly. The executive president of the party is Harish Pathak along with Surendra Kukreti—senior statehood activists and prominent faces of Uttarakhand statehood movement who fought from the forefront in the creation of Uttarakhand state. Jaswant Singh Bisht was the first elected MLA of the party from Ranikhet constituency. Other personalities include Indramani Badoni, Devi Datt Pant, Bipin Chandra Tripathi and Diwakar Bhatt who were among the founding members and long time agitators for the Uttarakhand statehood movement.

Factionalism and decline

Main article: 3rd Uttarakhand Assembly

In the 2012 Uttarakhand Assembly election, Uttarakhand Kranti Dal contested as Uttarakhand Kranti Dal (P) led by then party president Trivendra Singh Panwar. The original party name and the election symbol (chair) was frozen by the Election Commission of India following the factionalism and leadership dispute within the party that led to its breakup. The splinter group Uttarakhand Kranti Dal (D) led by former MLA and Cabinet Minister in the Khanduri government and later Pokhriyal government, Diwakar Bhatt broke away from the UKD with his supporters claiming the original party leadership. Pritam Singh Panwar was the only winning candidate of the party in the 2012 Assembly election, who ran under the UKD(P) banner.

Uttarakhand Kranti Dal's original name and party symbol were restored in 2017 with the merger of both groups.

The party's performance in various assembly and parliamentary elections has been on a consistent decline. The main reasons cited for UKD's decline in the politics of Uttarakhand are; inner factionalism, loss of voter base to other parties and frequent switching for power share between the BJP and Congress governments, which is often viewed negatively as political opportunism.

Electoral performance

Uttar Pradesh

Main article: Elections in Uttar Pradesh

Legislative Assembly elections

See also: Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly

Year Legislature Party leader Seats won Change in seats Outcome
1980 8th Vidhan Sabha Devi Datt Pant
0 / 425
New entry
1985 9th Vidhan Sabha Indramani Badoni
0 / 425
Steady
1989 10th Vidhan Sabha Bipin Chandra Tripathi
1 / 425
Increase 1 Opposition
1991 11th Vidhan Sabha
0 / 425
Decrease 1
1993 12th Vidhan Sabha Kashi Singh Airy
1 / 425
Increase 1 Opposition
1996 13th Vidhan Sabha
0 / 425
Decrease 1

Lok Sabha elections

See also: Lok Sabha

Year Legislature Party leader Seats won Change in seats Outcome
1980 7th Lok Sabha Devi Datt Pant
0 / 85
New entry
1984 8th Lok Sabha Indramani Badoni
0 / 85
Steady
1989 9th Lok Sabha Bipin Chandra Tripathi
0 / 85
1991 10th Lok Sabha
0 / 85
1996 11th Lok Sabha Kashi Singh Airy
0 / 85
1998 12th Lok Sabha
0 / 85
1999 13th Lok Sabha
0 / 85

Uttarakhand

Main article: Elections in Uttarakhand

Legislative Assembly elections

See also: Uttarakhand Legislative Assembly

Year Legislature Party leader Seats won Change in seats Outcome
2002 1st Vidhan Sabha Bipin Chandra Tripathi
4 / 70
New entry 4 Opposition
2007 2nd Vidhan Sabha Diwakar Bhatt
3 / 70
Decrease 1 Government with BJP
2012 3rd Vidhan Sabha Trivendra Singh Panwar
1 / 70
Decrease 2 Government with INC
2017 4th Vidhan Sabha Kashi Singh Airy
0 / 70
Decrease 1
2022 5th Vidhan Sabha Diwakar Bhatt
0 / 70
Steady

Lok Sabha elections

Year Legislature Party leader Seats won Change in seats Outcome
2004 14th Lok Sabha Bipin Chandra Tripathi
0 / 5
New entry
2009 15th Lok Sabha Diwakar Bhatt
0 / 5
Steady
2014 16th Lok Sabha Trivendra Singh Panwar
0 / 5
2019 17th Lok Sabha Kashi Singh Airy
0 / 5
2024 18th Lok Sabha TBD

See also

References