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Voiceless uvular ejective affricate
Audio sample

The uvular ejective affricate is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨q͡χʼ⟩. It is found in some North American languages of the Pacific Northwest such as Wintu and Lillooet, southern African languages such as Gǀui and ǂʼAmkoe, and in many of the languages of the Caucasus, especially a number of the Daghestanian languages, though in none of these is there a phonemic distinction between /qχʼ/ and /qʼ/, and in many [qχʼ] and [qʼ] are allophones. A number of languages of southern Africa have a sound, commonly transcribed [kχʼ], that may be ambiguous between velar and uvular.


Features of the uvular ejective affricate:


Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Lilooet əs [q͡χʼəs] 'curly'
Georgian[1] ოფა/q'opa [q͡χʼɔpʰɑ] 'being/existence' An allophone of /qʼ/, in free variation with [qʼ], [ʔ], or [χʼ].[1]

See also


  1. ^ a b Shosted, Ryan K.; Chikovani, Vakhtang (2006). "Standard Georgian" (PDF). Journal of the International Phonetic Association. 36 (2): 255–264. doi:10.1017/S0025100306002659. ISSN 1475-3502.