Valsad
Bulsar
City
Valsad City View from Parnera Hill
Nickname(s): 
City of Peace =
Valsad
Valsad
Valsad
Valsad
Valsad
Valsad
Coordinates: 20°36′36″N 72°55′34″E / 20.610°N 72.926°E / 20.610; 72.926Coordinates: 20°36′36″N 72°55′34″E / 20.610°N 72.926°E / 20.610; 72.926
Country India
StateGujarat
DistrictValsad
Elevation
13 m (43 ft)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total170,060
Demonym(s)Valsadians, Valsadis
Languages
 • OfficialGujarati
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
396001
Telephone code912632
Vehicle registrationGJ-15
Sex ratio926/1000 /
Literacy80.94 %

Valsad (Pronunciation: [ʋalsɑɖ]), historically known as Bulsar, is a city and a municipality in Valsad district of the Indian state of Gujarat. It is the district headquarters of Valsad district.[2] The city of Valsad is located in the south of Navsari and Surat.

Etymology

The name "Valsad" derives from vad-saal, a Gujarati language compound meaning "hampered (saal) by banyan trees (vad)" (the area was naturally rich in banyan trees). During British Raj, it was historically known as "Bulsar".

Geography

Valsad is located at 20°38′N 72°56′E / 20.63°N 72.93°E / 20.63; 72.93.[3] It has an average elevation of 13 metres (42 feet). The old city is about 4 km inland from the Arabian sea.

Geography of Valsad City:[4]
Average rainfall 1500 mm
Average temperature 26.9 °C
Seismic Zone Zone III
Major rivers Auranga, Wanki
Beaches Tithal Beach

Climate

Valsad has a tropical savanna climate (Aw) with little to no rainfall from October to May and very heavy to extremely heavy rainfall from June to September when it is under the direct influence of Arabian Sea branch of the South-west monsoon.

Climate data for Valsad, India (1981-2010, extremes 1974–2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 36.9
(98.4)
38.8
(101.8)
42.3
(108.1)
43.1
(109.6)
41.9
(107.4)
38.1
(100.6)
36.8
(98.2)
33.4
(92.1)
36.4
(97.5)
38.9
(102.0)
38.1
(100.6)
36.7
(98.1)
43.1
(109.6)
Average high °C (°F) 29.6
(85.3)
29.7
(85.5)
32.4
(90.3)
33.8
(92.8)
33.8
(92.8)
32.5
(90.5)
30.1
(86.2)
29.3
(84.7)
30.4
(86.7)
32.9
(91.2)
32.4
(90.3)
31.4
(88.5)
31.5
(88.7)
Average low °C (°F) 14.6
(58.3)
15.8
(60.4)
19.1
(66.4)
22.8
(73.0)
26.0
(78.8)
26.2
(79.2)
24.9
(76.8)
24.5
(76.1)
23.9
(75.0)
22.2
(72.0)
18.7
(65.7)
15.6
(60.1)
21.2
(70.2)
Record low °C (°F) 7.1
(44.8)
5.6
(42.1)
10.6
(51.1)
17.1
(62.8)
19.8
(67.6)
17.0
(62.6)
16.8
(62.2)
15.6
(60.1)
16.8
(62.2)
12.6
(54.7)
10.4
(50.7)
7.0
(44.6)
5.6
(42.1)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 0.3
(0.01)
0.0
(0.0)
0.1
(0.00)
0.0
(0.0)
3.0
(0.12)
274.6
(10.81)
576.0
(22.68)
381.4
(15.02)
218.4
(8.60)
32.6
(1.28)
13.3
(0.52)
0.6
(0.02)
1,500.3
(59.07)
Average rainy days 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 7.9 15.5 15.5 9.0 1.4 0.5 0.1 50.3
Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST) 54 53 50 58 66 75 82 84 79 67 56 55 65
Source: India Meteorological Department[5][6]

Demographics

Religions in Valsad
Religion Amount
Hindus
85.04%
Muslims
10.31%
Jains
2.55%
Christians
1.24%
Others†
0.8%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (0.11%).

As of the 2011 India census,[7] Valsad (metropolitan area) has a population of 170,060. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Valsad has an average literacy rate of 91.66%, higher than the national average of 74.04%: male literacy is 94.62%, and female literacy is 88.58%.

The major language spoken is Gujarati. Other languages spoken are Hindi, Marathi and English.

The major religion followed in Valsad is Hinduism. Other religions followed are Islam, Christianity, Jainism, Zoroastrianism and Buddhism.

Transport

Valsad railway station

Valsad lies on NH 48. Valsad is connected to many cities in Gujarat by the Gujarat State Road Transport Corporation bus service. Valsad is one of the 16 divisions of GSRTC referred as Daman Ganga.

Valsad railway station is managed by the Mumbai WR railway division of the Western Railway and it is a Sub-Division under Western Railway. It lies on the New Delhi–Mumbai main line. The present railway station building was established in 1925. Adjacent to the railway station is the Valsad Electric Loco Shed which houses over 100 electric locomotives.

The nearest airport is Surat International Airport in Surat.

Economy

Valsad is an industrial base for sectors such as chemicals, textiles, and paper & pulp industries. Since the 1980s, textile and chemicals have been the major sectors of investments and employment in the district. Valsad is emerging as a horticulture hub of the state, witnessing significant production in food grains and crops.

Valsad has 7 industrial estates located in Dungra, Pardi, Dharampur, Bhilad, Valsad, Umbergaon, Sarigam, Vapi (the chemical hub of Gujarat) and 1 Industrial park in Kalgam.[8] With over 300 medium and large scale industries, Vapi is a major industrial center in Valsad. One of Asia's largest Common Effluent Treatment Plant (CETP) is present in Vapi, owned by Vapi Waste & Effluent Management Company and promoted by Vapi Industrial Association.[9]

Education

Colleges

Schools

Affiliated with ICSE
Affiliated with the CBSE
Affiliated with the GSHSEB

Tourist Attraction

Tithal Beach
Tithal Beach

Tithal Beach is located near Tithal town. The sand of the beach is black sand. Tithal Beach Festival and International Kite Festival are also organized on the shore of the beach.

Shree Shirdi Saibaba Sansthapan is located on the shore of the beach in Tithal town of Valsad district. The temple was established in 1982.

Swaminarayan Temple, Tithal
Swaminarayan Temple, Tithal

Shri Swaminarayan Mandir is located on the shore of the beach in Tithal town of Valsad district. This is a temple of Lord Swami Narayan.

Shantidham Aradhana Kendra in Tithal is a meditation centre.[10]

Tadkeshwar Mahadev Temple is a temple of Lord Shiva located in Abrama. This temple is more than 800 years old.

Morarji Desai Museum is built to dedicate former 5th Prime Minister of India, Morarji Desai in Valsad. The museum was developed by Valsad municipality at a cost of Rs. 4 crore. The museum was inaugurated by former Chief Minister of Gujarat, Anandiben Patel.[11]

Callian Baug is an urban park in Valsad. In 1929, Mr. Motilal Callianji presented donation for park to Valsad Municipality in memory of his father. In 1931, Callian Baug was opened by J.H.Garrett.[12]

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ https://www.valsad.nic.in
  3. ^ "redirect to /world/IN/09/Valsad.html". www.fallingrain.com.
  4. ^ "Geography of Valsad". Valsadonline.
  5. ^ "Climatological Normals 1981–2010" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. July 2020. pp. 75–76. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 July 2020. Retrieved 28 September 2020.
  6. ^ "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M51. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 28 September 2020.
  7. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  8. ^ "District Profile: Valsad" (PDF). Global Gujarat.
  9. ^ "DISTIRCT INDUSTRIAL POTENTIALITY SURVEY REPORT" (PDF). Dcmsme.
  10. ^ "Shantidham Aradhana Kendra". Jinjimaharaj.
  11. ^ "Museum on Morarji Desai likely to open in February 2015 in Gujarat". DeshGujarat.
  12. ^ "Valsad Tourism". Valsad Tourism.