Vault
at the Olympic Games
Schuhmann cavallo atene 1896.jpg
The first men's vault winner, Carl Schuhmann, in 1896
Overview
SportArtistic gymnastics
GenderMen and women
Years heldMen: 1896, 1904, 19242020
Women: 19522020
Reigning champion
Men Shin Jea-hwan (KOR)
Women Rebeca Andrade (BRA)

The vault is an artistic gymnastics event held at the Summer Olympics. The event was first held for men at the first modern Olympics in 1896. It was held again in 1904, but not in 1900, 1908, 1912, or 1920 when no apparatus events were awarded medals. The vault was one of the components of the men's artistic individual all-around in 1900, however. The men's vault returned as a medal event in 1924 and has been held every Games since. Vault scores were included in the individual all-around for 1924 and 1928, with no separate apparatus final. In 1932, the vault was entirely separate from the all-around. From 1936 to 1956, there were again no separate apparatus finals with the vault scores used in the all-around. The women's vault was added in 1952 and has been held every Games since. Beginning in 1960, there were separate apparatus finals.

The vault used a "vaulting horse" until 2000; after that, a "vaulting table" has been used.

Medalists

Men

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1896 Athens
details
Carl Schuhmann
 Germany
Louis Zutter
 Switzerland
Hermann Weingärtner
 Germany
1900 Paris Not held
1904 St. Louis
details
George Eyser
 United States
Anton Heida
 United States
Not awarded William Merz
 United States
1908 London Not held
1912 Stockholm Not held
1920 Antwerp Not held
1924 Paris
details
Frank Kriz
 United States
Jan Koutný
 Czechoslovakia
Bohumil Mořkovský
 Czechoslovakia
1928 Amsterdam
details
Eugen Mack
 Switzerland
Emanuel Löffler
 Czechoslovakia
Stane Derganc
 Yugoslavia
1932 Los Angeles
details
Savino Guglielmetti
 Italy
Al Jochim
 United States
Ed Carmichael
 United States
1936 Berlin
details
Alfred Schwarzmann
 Germany
Eugen Mack
 Switzerland
Matthias Volz
 Germany
1948 London
details
Paavo Aaltonen
 Finland
Olavi Rove
 Finland
János Mogyorósi-Klencs
 Hungary
Ferenc Pataki
 Hungary
Leo Sotorník
 Czechoslovakia
1952 Helsinki
details
Viktor Chukarin
 Soviet Union
Masao Takemoto
 Japan
Takashi Ono
 Japan
Tadao Uesako
 Japan
1956 Melbourne
details
Helmut Bantz
 United Team of Germany
Valentin Muratov
 Soviet Union
Not awarded Yuri Titov
 Soviet Union
1960 Rome
details
Boris Shakhlin
 Soviet Union
Takashi Ono
 Japan
Not awarded Vladimir Portnoi
 Soviet Union
1964 Tokyo
details
Haruhiro Yamashita
 Japan
Victor Lisitsky
 Soviet Union
Hannu Rantakari
 Finland
1968 Mexico City
details
Mikhail Voronin
 Soviet Union
Yukio Endo
 Japan
Sergei Diomidov
 Soviet Union
1972 Munich
details
Klaus Köste
 East Germany
Viktor Klimenko
 Soviet Union
Nikolai Andrianov
 Soviet Union
1976 Montreal
details
Nikolai Andrianov
 Soviet Union
Mitsuo Tsukahara
 Japan
Hiroshi Kajiyama
 Japan
1980 Moscow
details
Nikolai Andrianov
 Soviet Union
Alexander Dityatin
 Soviet Union
Roland Brückner
 East Germany
1984 Los Angeles
details
Lou Yun
 China
Li Ning
 China
Koji Gushiken
 Japan
Mitchell Gaylord
 United States
Shinji Morisue
 Japan
Not awarded
1988 Seoul
details
Lou Yun
 China
Sylvio Kroll
 East Germany
Park Jong-Hoon
 South Korea
1992 Barcelona
details
Vitaly Scherbo
 Unified Team
Grigory Misutin
 Unified Team
Yoo Ok-ryul
 South Korea
1996 Atlanta
details
Alexei Nemov
 Russia
Yeo Hong-Chul
 South Korea
Vitaly Scherbo
 Belarus
2000 Sydney
details
Gervasio Deferr
 Spain
Alexei Bondarenko
 Russia
Leszek Blanik
 Poland
2004 Athens
details
Gervasio Deferr
 Spain
Evgeni Sapronenko
 Latvia
Marian Drăgulescu
 Romania
2008 Beijing
details
Leszek Blanik
 Poland
Thomas Bouhail
 France
Anton Golotsutskov
 Russia
2012 London
details
Yang Hak-Seon
 South Korea
Denis Ablyazin
 Russia
Igor Radivilov
 Ukraine
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
Ri Se-gwang
 North Korea
Denis Ablyazin
 Russia
Kenzō Shirai
 Japan
2020 Tokyo
details
Shin Jea-hwan
 South Korea
Denis Ablyazin
 ROC
Artur Davtyan
 Armenia

Multiple medalists

Rank Gymnast Nation Olympics Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Nikolai Andrianov  Soviet Union (URS) 1972–1980 2 0 1 3
2 Lou Yun  China (CHN) 1984–1988 2 0 0 2
Gervasio Deferr  Spain (ESP) 2000–2004 2 0 0 2
4 Eugen Mack  Switzerland (SUI) 1928–1936 1 1 0 2
5 Vitaly Scherbo  Unified Team (EUN)
 Belarus (BLR)
1992–1996 1 0 1 2
Takashi Ono  Japan (JPN) 1952–1960 1 0 1 2
Leszek Blanik  Poland (POL) 2000–2008 1 0 1 2
8 Denis Ablyazin  Russia (RUS)
 ROC
2012–2020 0 3 0 3

Medalists by country

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Soviet Union (URS) 6 3 4 13
2  United States (USA) 3 2 2 7
3  Japan (JPN) 2 5 4 11
4  China (CHN) 2 1 0 3
5  South Korea (KOR) 2 0 3 5
6  Germany (GER) 2 0 2 4
7  Spain (ESP) 2 0 0 2
8  Russia (RUS) 1 3 1 5
9  Switzerland (SUI) 1 2 0 3
10  Finland (FIN) 1 1 1 3
 East Germany (GDR) 1 1 1 3
12  Unified Team (EUN) 1 1 0 2
13  Poland (POL) 1 0 1 2
14  United Team of Germany (EUA) 1 0 0 1
 Italy (ITA) 1 0 0 1
 North Korea (PRK) 1 0 0 1
17  Czechoslovakia (TCH) 0 2 2 4
18  France (FRA) 0 1 0 1
 Latvia (LAT) 0 1 0 1
 ROC 0 1 0 1
21  Hungary (HUN) 0 0 2 2
22  Armenia (ARM) 0 0 1 1
 Belarus (BLR) 0 0 1 1
 Romania (ROU) 0 0 1 1
 Ukraine (UKR) 0 0 1 1
 Yugoslavia (YUG) 0 0 1 1

Women

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1952 Helsinki
details
Ekaterina Kalinchuk
 Soviet Union
Maria Gorokhovskaya
 Soviet Union
Galina Minaicheva
 Soviet Union
1956 Melbourne
details
Larisa Latynina
 Soviet Union
Tamara Manina
 Soviet Union
Olga Tass
 Hungary
Ann-Sofi Colling
 Sweden
1960 Rome
details
Margarita Nikolaeva
 Soviet Union
Sofia Muratova
 Soviet Union
Larisa Latynina
 Soviet Union
1964 Tokyo
details
Věra Čáslavská
 Czechoslovakia
Larisa Latynina
 Soviet Union
Birgit Radochla
 United Team of Germany
1968 Mexico City
details
Věra Čáslavská
 Czechoslovakia
Erika Zuchold
 East Germany
Zinaida Voronina
 Soviet Union
1972 Munich
details
Karin Janz
 East Germany
Erika Zuchold
 East Germany
Ludmila Tourischeva
 Soviet Union
1976 Montreal
details
Nellie Kim
 Soviet Union
Ludmila Tourischeva
 Soviet Union
Carola Dombeck
 East Germany
1980 Moscow
details
Natalia Shaposhnikova
 Soviet Union
Steffi Kräker
 East Germany
Melita Ruhn
 Romania
1984 Los Angeles
details
Ecaterina Szabo
 Romania
Mary Lou Retton
 United States
Lavinia Agache
 Romania
1988 Seoul
details
Svetlana Boginskaya
 Soviet Union
Gabriela Potorac
 Romania
Daniela Silivaş
 Romania
1992 Barcelona
details
Henrietta Ónodi
 Hungary
Lavinia Miloșovici
 Romania
Not awarded Tatiana Lysenko
 Unified Team
1996 Atlanta
details
Simona Amânar
 Romania
Mo Huilan
 China
Gina Gogean
 Romania
2000 Sydney
details
Elena Zamolodchikova
 Russia
Andreea Răducan
 Romania
Yekaterina Lobaznyuk
 Russia
2004 Athens
details
Monica Roșu
 Romania
Annia Hatch
 United States
Anna Pavlova
 Russia
2008 Beijing
details
Hong Un Jong
 North Korea
Oksana Chusovitina
 Germany
Cheng Fei
 China
2012 London
details
Sandra Izbașa
 Romania
McKayla Maroney
 United States
Maria Paseka
 Russia
2016 Rio de Janeiro
details
Simone Biles
 United States
Maria Paseka
 Russia
Giulia Steingruber
 Switzerland
2020 Tokyo
details
Rebeca Andrade
 Brazil
MyKayla Skinner
 United States
Yeo Seo-jeong
 South Korea

Multiple medalists

Rank Gymnast Nation Olympics Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Věra Čáslavská  Czechoslovakia (TCH) 1964–1968 2 0 0 2
2 Larisa Latynina  Soviet Union (URS) 1956–1964 1 1 1 3
3 Erika Zuchold  East Germany (GDR) 1968–1972 0 2 0 2
4 Ludmilla Tourischeva  Soviet Union (URS) 1972–1976 0 1 1 2
Maria Paseka  Russia (RUS) 2012–2016 0 1 1 2

Medalists by country

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Soviet Union (URS) 6 5 4 15
2  Romania (ROU) 5 2 4 11
3  Czechoslovakia (TCH) 2 0 0 2
4  United States (USA) 1 4 0 5
5  East Germany (GDR) 1 3 1 5
6  Russia (RUS) 1 1 3 5
7  Hungary (HUN) 1 0 1 2
8  Brazil (BRA) 1 0 0 1
 North Korea (PRK) 1 0 0 1
10  China (CHN) 0 1 1 2
11  Germany (GER) 0 1 0 1
12  South Korea (KOR) 0 0 1 1
 Sweden (SWE) 0 0 1 1
 Switzerland (SUI) 0 0 1 1
 Unified Team (EUN) 0 0 1 1
 United Team of Germany (EUA) 0 0 1 1

Gallery

Men's Vault at the Olympics
Women's Vault at the Olympics

Sidehorse vault

Albert Séguin, gold medalist in the sidehorse vault
Albert Séguin, gold medalist in the sidehorse vault

The 1924 Summer Olympics had an odd programme. The regular vault event featured an unusual format, using a bar that had to be jumped over between the springboard and the vaulting horse. There was also a "sidehorse vault" (French: saut de cheval en largeur) event in which the competitors used a vaulting horse set sideways (perpendicular to the approach) to turn make a single flip. This was the only time that event was held.

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1924 Paris
details
Albert Séguin
 France
Jean Gounot
 France
François Gangloff
 France

References