Велика Плана (Serbian)
|Region||Southern and Eastern Serbia|
|• Mayor||Igor Matković (SNS)|
|• Town||47.64 km2 (18.39 sq mi)|
|• Municipality||345 km2 (133 sq mi)|
|Elevation||123 m (404 ft)|
|• Town density||340/km2 (870/sq mi)|
|• Municipality density||120/km2 (310/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
Velika Plana (Serbian Cyrillic: Велика Плана, pronounced [ʋêlikaː plǎːna]) is a town and municipality located in the Podunavlje District of eastern Serbia. As of 2011, the town has 16,088, while the municipality has 40,902 inhabitants. Velika Plana lies on the left bank of Velika Morava.
The municipality of Velika Plana has 13 settlements. Town of Velika Plana is composed of three townships: Town Main's, Stari Odbor (the Old Downtown), and Bresje. Town Main's is further subdivided into neighbourhoods of Centar, Bugarija, Đurakovac, Kod Železničke (Railway Station area), Gloža-Ciglana (Brick factory area) where a tiny Morava river village has been reconstructed, and Magareća Glava (Donkey Head). There is also a satellite so-called weekend settlement (vikend naselje) next to the Pokajnica monastery between Velika Plana, Staro Selo and Radovanje.
As of 2011 census, the municipality has 40,902 inhabitants.
The ethnic composition of the municipality:
The origins of industry in Velika Plana is connected to its agricultural environment and starts in the 1880s. Before World War II, there were three slaughterhouses-meat processing plants here, first that of Italian citizen of German origin Toni Klefiš (Tony Klefisch), and later that of Germans Christian Scheuß and Wilhelm Schumacher, and the one whose stocks were owned by a group of three larger and seven smaller Serbian entrepreneurs.
After WW II, all this property was nationalised and unified into a huge plant, expanding to include all sorts of food and food-related production, all the way to clothes and duvets with goose down. These have, however, folded in the 1990s with the disastrous events concurrent with the breakdown of ex-Yugoslavia.
Today, main industrial work is a branch of Goša FOM from Smederevska Palanka and the newly opened plant to produce parts for military industry.
The following table gives a preview of total number of registered people employed in legal entities per their core activity (as of 2018):
|Agriculture, forestry and fishing||167|
|Mining and quarrying||45|
|Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply||64|
|Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities||200|
|Wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles||1,837|
|Transportation and storage||378|
|Accommodation and food services||362|
|Information and communication||67|
|Financial and insurance activities||75|
|Real estate activities||4|
|Professional, scientific and technical activities||214|
|Administrative and support service activities||137|
|Public administration and defense; compulsory social security||397|
|Human health and social work activities||315|
|Arts, entertainment and recreation||87|
|Other service activities||150|
|Individual agricultural workers||430|
The main Serbian A1 motorway from Subotica to Niš goes by the town. The town is also an important railroad junction. Twin tracks go south toward Niš, a track goes west to Belgrade, and a track goes north to Mala Krsna junction, where it splits towards Belgrade, Smederevo and Požarevac. This, in combination with the fact that many bus lines form southern Serbia to Belgrade and Vojvodina make a stop at the town bus station, makes Velika Plana an important transportation hub of central Serbia.
Velika Plana has three elementary schools in the town itself: Sveti Sava (previously named Moša Pijade), Karađorđe (previously named Мiloš Mitrović), and Nadežda Petrović, and 11 in the surrounding suburbs and villages.
It also has three high schools: Gymnasium, Technical High School and Business Assistant High School.
The "Veterinary Centre Velika Plana" started artificial insemination in cows in 1957 and later expanded to other livestock and claims to be one of the leading centres of its kind in South-Eastern Europe.
Town has large town park near centre and several smaller parks across town.
At the outskirts of the town are three important ecclesiastical monuments: the early 15th century Koporin Monastery where Despot Stefan Lazarević, son of Prince Lazar of the Battle of Kosovo is buried; the early 19th century Pokajnica Monastery built as a sign of repentance (Serbian: pokajanje/покајање) by the murderer of Karađorđe, leader of the First Serbian Uprising and the founder of the Karađorđević royal family of Serbia and later Yugoslavia; as well as a small church built by King Alexander Karađorđević of Yugoslavia at the exact place of his ancestor's murder.
The latter two are within 4 kilometres (2 miles) from each other, and easily reachable by public transit. Koporin is more secluded but still within 11 km (7 mi) from the other two.
Festival of rock music "Plana Demo Fest" has been organised since 2009 and is under sponsorship of the "Velika Plana Youth Community Centre".
Velika Plana is twinned with: