The 2020 Summer Olympics, officially known as the "Games of the XXXII Olympiad", was an international multi-sport event held in Tokyo, Japan, from 23 July to 8 August 2021. Originally scheduled to take place from 24 July to 9 August 2020, it was postponed in March 2020 as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, and was held largely behind closed doors with no spectators permitted under the state of emergency.[a] Despite being rescheduled for 2021, the event retains the Tokyo 2020 name for marketing and branding purposes.
The 2020 Summer Paralympics followed two weeks later between 25 August and 5 September 2021.
In February 2012, it was announced that former Tokyo's National Stadium, the central venue for the 1964 Summer Olympics, would undergo a ¥100 billion renovation for the 2019 Rugby World Cup and the 2020 Summer Olympics. In November 2012, the Japan Sport Council announced it was taking bids for proposed stadium designs. Of the 46 finalists, Zaha Hadid Architects was awarded the project, which would replace the old stadium with a new 80,000-seat stadium. There was criticism of the Zaha Hadid design—which was compared to a bicycle helmet and regarded as clashing with the surrounding Meiji Shrine—and widespread disapproval of the costs, even with attempts to revise and "optimize" the design.
In June 2015, the government announced it was planning to reduce the new stadium's permanent capacity to 65,000 in its athletics configuration (although with the option to add up to 15,000 temporary seats for football) as a further cost-saving measure. The original plans to build a retractable roof were also scrapped. As a result of public opposition to the increasing costs of the stadium, which reached ¥252 billion, the government ultimately chose to reject Zaha Hadid's design entirely and selected a new design by Japanese architect Kengo Kuma. Inspired by traditional temples and with a lower profile, Kuma's design had a budget of ¥149 billion. Changes in plans prevented the new stadium from being completed in time for the 2019 Rugby World Cup as originally intended. National Stadium was inaugurated on 21 December 2019 and is named Olympic Stadium during 2020 Olympic Games.
Of the 33 competition venues in Tokyo, 28 are within 8 kilometers (5 miles) of the Olympic Village, with eleven new venues which were constructed. On 16 October 2019, the IOC announced that there were plans to re-locate the marathon and racewalking events to Sapporo for heat concerns. The plans were made official on 1 November 2019 after Tokyo Governor Yuriko Koike accepted the IOC's decision, despite her belief that the events should have remained in Tokyo.
Six venues for eight sports are located within the central business area of Tokyo, northwest of the Olympic Village. Three of these venues were originally constructed for the 1964 Summer Olympics.
|Japan National Stadium
(known as Olympic Stadium during the games)*
|Opening and closing ceremonies||68,000||Built for the games|
|Athletics (track and field)|
|Yoyogi National Gymnasium†||Handball||13,291||Existing|
|Tokyo Metropolitan Gymnasium†||Table tennis||10,000|
|Tokyo International Forum||Weightlifting||5,012|
*Built on the site of the old National Stadium (used for the 1964 Summer Olympics)
†Originally constructed for the 1964 Summer Olympics
There are 13 venues planned for 15 sports located in the vicinity of Tokyo Bay, southeast of the Olympic Village, predominantly on Ariake, Odaiba and the surrounding artificial islands. The flame cauldron will be installed at Tokyo Waterfront City on Ariake West Canal.
|Kasai Rinkai Park||Canoeing (slalom)||8,000||Built for the games|
|Oi Hockey Stadium||Field hockey||15,000||Built for the games|
|Tokyo Aquatics Centre||Aquatics (swimming, diving, artistic swimming)||15,000||Built for the games|
|Tokyo Tatsumi International Swimming Center||Water polo||3,635||Existing|
|Yumenoshima Park||Archery||7,000||Built for the games|
|Ariake Arena||Volleyball||12,000||Built for the games|
|Ariake Urban Sports Park||BMX racing, BMX freestyle||6,000||Completed|
|Ariake Gymnastics Centre||Gymnastics (artistic, rhythmic, trampoline)||10,000||Built for the games|
|Ariake Coliseum||Tennis||20,000 = 10,000 center court; 5,000 court 1; 3,000 court 2; 2,000 match courts (8x250)||Existing, renovated|
|Odaiba Marine Park||Triathlon||5,000 seated, unlimited standing room along route||Existing with temporary stands|
|Aquatics (marathon swimming)|
|Shiokaze Park||Beach volleyball||12,000||Temporary|
|Central Breakwater and Sea Forest Waterway||Equestrian (eventing)||20,000||Existing with temporary infrastructure|
|Aomi Urban Sports Park||3x3 basketball||5,000||Temporary|
There are 16 venues for 16 sports situated farther than 8 kilometers (5 miles) from the Olympic Village.
|Camp Asaka||Shooting||3,200||Existing, renovated|
|Musashino Forest Sport Plaza||Modern pentathlon (fencing)||10,000||Built for the games|
|Musashinonomori Park, Fuchū||Road cycling (start road races)||Temporary|
|Tokyo Stadium||Football (opening round matches)||49,970||Existing|
|Modern pentathlon (excluding fencing)|
|Saitama Super Arena||Basketball||22,000|
|Enoshima||Sailing||10,000||Existing with temporary stands|
|Tokyo Equestrian Park, Setagaya||Equestrian (dressage, jumping)||9,300|
|Kasumigaseki Country Club||Golf||30,000|
|Izu Velodrome, Shizuoka||Track cycling||5,000||Existing, expanded|
|Izu Mountain Bike Course, Shizuoka||Mountain biking||11,500||Existing|
|Fukushima Azuma Baseball Stadium||Baseball (opening match)||30,000||Existing, renovated|
|Softball (opening match)|
|Fuji International Speedway||Road cycling
(finish road races, time trial)
|Odori Park||Athletics (Marathon and Race walking)||17,300||Existing|
|Tsurigasaki Surfing Beach, Chiba||Surfing||6,000||Existing|
|International Stadium Yokohama||Yokohama||Men's and Women's preliminaries and quarter-final, Women's semi-final, finals, Men's final ||12||70,000||Existing|
|Tokyo Stadium||Tokyo||Men's and Women's opening round||4||49,000|
|Saitama Stadium||Saitama||Men's and Women's preliminaries and quarter-final, Men's semi-final and 3rd place play-off||11||62,000|
|Miyagi Stadium||Sendai||Men's and Women's preliminaries and quarter-final||10||49,000|
|Kashima Soccer Stadium||Kashima||Men's and Women's preliminaries, quarter-final and semi-final, Women's 3rd place play-off||10||40,728|
|Sapporo Dome||Sapporo||Men's and Women's preliminaries||10||42,000|
|Hotel Okura Tokyo||Olympic Family Hotel|
|Harumi Futo||Olympic Village|
|Tokyo Big Sight||International Broadcast Center (IBC)|
|Media Press Center (MPC)|