Veryovkina Cave
Veryovkina cave. Babatunda pit.jpg
155 m deep Babatunda pit at -400 m, the largest shaft in the cave
Map showing the location of Veryovkina Cave
Map showing the location of Veryovkina Cave
Veryovkina Cave
Map showing the location of Veryovkina Cave
Map showing the location of Veryovkina Cave
Veryovkina Cave
LocationAbkhazia,[note 1] Georgia
Coordinates43°24′56″N 40°21′23″E / 43.41556°N 40.35639°E / 43.41556; 40.35639Coordinates: 43°24′56″N 40°21′23″E / 43.41556°N 40.35639°E / 43.41556; 40.35639
Depth2,212 metres (7,257 ft)
Length17,500 metres (57,400 ft)
Discovery1968
GeologyLimestone

Veryovkina Cave (also spelled Verëvkina Cave, Abkhazian: Вериовкин иҳаԥы, Georgian: ვერიოვკინის მღვიმე) is a cave in Abkhazia,[note 1] a breakaway region of Georgia. At 2,212 meters (7,257 ft) deep, it is the deepest-known cave on Earth.[1][2] Its entrance is 2,285 metres (7,497 ft) above sea level.[3] The entrance of the cave has a cross section of 3 m × 4 m (9.8 ft × 13.1 ft), and is located in the Arabika Massif in the Gagra Mountain Range of the Western Caucasus, on the pass between the Krepost[4] and Zont[5] mountains, closer to the slopes of Mount Krepost. The depth of the entrance shaft is 32 metres (105 ft).[6]

Naming

In 1968, the cave was assigned the name S-115, which was later replaced by P1-7, and in 1986 it was renamed after caver and cave diver Alexander Verëvkin. Verëvkin died in 1983 while exploring a siphon in the cave Su-Akan,[7] located in the Sary-Tala massif, now Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia.

Discovery

Side profile map, eastward view
Side profile map, eastward view
Plan of the cave
Plan of the cave

Explorations after 2000

Member of the Perovo-Speleo team passing the flooded passage at the depth -1,400m, in 2018
Member of the Perovo-Speleo team passing the flooded passage at the depth -1,400m, in 2018

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b The political status of Abkhazia is disputed. Having unilaterally declared independence from Georgia in 1992, Abkhazia is formally recognised as an independent state by 5 UN member states (two other state recognised it but then withdrew its recognition), while Georgia continues to claim it as part of its own territory, designating it as Russian-occupied territory.

References

  1. ^ a b Ljubimov, Petr (12 March 2018). "Экспедиция в Верёвкина март 2018. Глубина пещеры достигла -2212 метров" [Expedition to Veryovkina in March 2018. Cave depth reached – 2212 m] (in Russian). Retrieved 25 November 2018.
  2. ^ "Worlds Deepest Caves". Compiled by: Bob Gulden. October. 10, 2018
  3. ^ Ljubimov, Petr. "ОТКРЫТИЕ И ИСТОРИЯ ИССЛЕДОВАНИЯ ПЕЩЕРЫ им. А. Веревкина (1968–1986 г.)" [Discovery and Exploration History of the Cave named after A. Verevkin (1968–1986)] (in Russian). Retrieved 3 April 2020.
  4. ^ Kovinov, Dmitrij. "Поход по Арабике через перевалы Дзоу и Шу, 21–24 августа 2016" [Trekking through Arabica over the passes Dzou and Shu, 21–24 August 2016] (in Russian). Retrieved 8 May 2018.
  5. ^ "Гора Зонт" [Zont Mountain] (in Russian). Retrieved 8 May 2018.
  6. ^ "The daring journey inside the world's deepest cave". BBC Reel. Retrieved 2019-09-29.
  7. ^ "НЕСЧАСТНЫЕ СЛУЧАИ ПРИ ПОГРУЖЕНИЯХ В СИФОНЫ [Siphon Diving Accidents]" (in Russian). Retrieved 11 May 2022.
  8. ^ Walford, Shannon (16 May 2019). "Pro Team: Robbie Shone". 3 Legged Thing LTD. Retrieved 8 December 2019.
  9. ^ Bisharat, Andrew; Shone, Robbie (18 October 2018). "Epic flood sends cavers scrambling for their lives / A National Geographic photographer recounts his fight to escape the world's deepest cave". National Geographic. Retrieved 18 May 2019.
  10. ^ Shone, Robbie (August 2020). "The Climb of His Life". National Geographic. 238 (2): 34–36. ISSN 0027-9358. Retrieved 25 July 2020.
  11. ^ Demidov, Pavel; Parfёnov, Oleg (3 April 2020). "Верёвкина" [Verëvkina]. speleoatlas.ru – Caving atlas of Russia and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) (in Russian). Русское географическое общество / Russian Geographic Society. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  12. ^ "В пещере Веревкина произошло ЧП". VK. Retrieved 2021-08-10.
  13. ^ "Веревкина. Вчера, 17 августа 2021г.. | РОССИЙСКИЙ СОЮЗ СПЕЛЕОЛОГОВ (РСС) | VK". vk.com. Retrieved 2021-08-28.