Veryovkina Cave
Veryovkina cave. Babatunda pit.jpg
155 m deep Babatunda pit at -400 m, the largest shaft in the cave
Map showing the location of Veryovkina Cave
Map showing the location of Veryovkina Cave
Veryovkina Cave
Coordinates43°24′56″N 40°21′23″E / 43.41556°N 40.35639°E / 43.41556; 40.35639Coordinates: 43°24′56″N 40°21′23″E / 43.41556°N 40.35639°E / 43.41556; 40.35639
Depth2,212 metres (7,257 ft)
Length17,500 metres (57,400 ft)
Discovery1968
GeologyLimestone

Veryovkina Cave (also spelled Verëvkina Cave, Georgian: ვერიოვკინის მღვიმე) is a cave in Abkhazia, a region of Georgia. At 2,212 meters (7,257 ft) deep, it is the deepest-known cave on Earth.[1][2] Its entrance is 2,285 metres (7,497 ft) above sea level.[3] The entrance of the cave has a cross section of 3 m × 4 m (9.8 ft × 13.1 ft), and is located in the Arabika Massif in the Gagra Mountain Range of the West Caucasus, on the pass between the Krepost[4] and Zont[5] mountains, closer to the slopes of Mount Krepost. The depth of the entrance shaft is 32 metres (105 ft).[6]

Naming

In 1968, the cave was assigned the name S-115 which was later replaced by P1-7, and in 1986 it was renamed after caver and cave diver Alexander Verëvkin. Verëvkin died in 1983 while exploring a siphon in the cave Su-Akan,[7] located in the Sary-Tala massif, now Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia.

Discovery

Side profile map, eastward view
Side profile map, eastward view
Plan of the cave
Plan of the cave

Explorations after 2000

Member of the Perovo-Speleo team passing the flooded passage at the depth -1,400m, in 2018
Member of the Perovo-Speleo team passing the flooded passage at the depth -1,400m, in 2018

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Ljubimov, Petr (12 March 2018). "Экспедиция в Верёвкина март 2018. Глубина пещеры достигла -2212 метров" [Expedition to Veryovkina in March 2018. Cave depth reached – 2212 m] (in Russian). Retrieved 25 November 2018.
  2. ^ "Worlds Deepest Caves". Compiled by: Bob Gulden. October. 10, 2018
  3. ^ Ljubimov, Petr. "ОТКРЫТИЕ И ИСТОРИЯ ИССЛЕДОВАНИЯ ПЕЩЕРЫ им. А. Веревкина (1968–1986 г.)" [Discovery and Exploration History of the Cave named after A. Verevkin (1968–1986)] (in Russian). Retrieved 3 April 2020.
  4. ^ Kovinov, Dmitrij. "Поход по Арабике через перевалы Дзоу и Шу, 21–24 августа 2016" [Trekking through Arabica over the passes Dzou and Shu, 21–24 August 2016] (in Russian). Retrieved 8 May 2018.
  5. ^ "Гора Зонт" [Zont Mountain] (in Russian). Retrieved 8 May 2018.
  6. ^ "The daring journey inside the world's deepest cave". BBC Reel. Retrieved 2019-09-29.
  7. ^ "НЕСЧАСТНЫЕ СЛУЧАИ ПРИ ПОГРУЖЕНИЯХ В СИФОНЫ [Siphon Diving Accidents]" (in Russian). Retrieved 11 May 2022.
  8. ^ Walford, Shannon (16 May 2019). "Pro Team: Robbie Shone". 3 Legged Thing LTD. Retrieved 8 December 2019.
  9. ^ Bisharat, Andrew; Shone, Robbie (18 October 2018). "Epic flood sends cavers scrambling for their lives / A National Geographic photographer recounts his fight to escape the world's deepest cave". National Geographic. Retrieved 18 May 2019.
  10. ^ Shone, Robbie (August 2020). "The Climb of His Life". National Geographic. 238 (2): 34–36. ISSN 0027-9358. Retrieved 25 July 2020.
  11. ^ Demidov, Pavel; Parfёnov, Oleg (3 April 2020). "Верёвкина" [Verëvkina]. speleoatlas.ru – Caving atlas of Russia and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) (in Russian). Русское географическое общество / Russian Geographic Society. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
  12. ^ "В пещере Веревкина произошло ЧП". VK. Retrieved 2021-08-10.
  13. ^ "Веревкина. Вчера, 17 августа 2021г.. | РОССИЙСКИЙ СОЮЗ СПЕЛЕОЛОГОВ (РСС) | VK". vk.com. Retrieved 2021-08-28.