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Plaque for Harry Wright, one of the first selections by the Veterans Committee, at the Hall of Fame
Plaque for Harry Wright, one of the first selections by the Veterans Committee, at the Hall of Fame

The Veterans Committee is the popular name of various committees of the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum that elect participants other than recently retired players.

Originally, it referenced the National Baseball Hall of Fame Committee to Consider Managers, Umpires, Executives and Long-Retired Players;[1] a former voting committee of the Baseball Hall of Fame that provided an opportunity for Hall of Fame enshrinement to all individuals who are eligible for induction but ineligible for consideration by the Baseball Writers' Association of America (BBWAA). The term "Veterans Committee" is taken from the body's former official name: National Baseball Hall of Fame Committee on Baseball Veterans, which first met in 1953.

In July 2010, the Veterans Committee structure was changed by the Hall of Fame's board of directors and the name is no longer officially used, although the term remains in active use by various sports media.[2][3][4][5] In place of a single committee, the Hall established three 16-member voting committees by era:

Those three committees met on a rotating cycle once every three years to elect candidates from each era to the Hall of Fame that were identified (nominated) by a BBWAA-appointed screening group named the Historical Overview Committee, consisting of 10 to 12 representative BBWAA members. In 2010, 2011, and 2012, the three separate era committees had been responsible for considering a total of 32 candidates from three eras in the following categories: managers, umpires, executives (includes team owners, general managers, and major league officials), and long-retired players.

In July 2016, the Hall of Fame announced a further restructuring of the committees, revising the timeframes to be considered and placing a much greater emphasis on modern eras. The structure adopted, which remains in place, now consists of four committees:[9]

Those major league players, managers, umpires and executives who excelled before 1950, as well as Negro league baseball stars, will still have an opportunity to have their careers reviewed, but with less frequency.[9]

History

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Kenesaw Mountain Landis (center), with Babe Ruth (left) and Bob Meusel
Kenesaw Mountain Landis (center), with Babe Ruth (left) and Bob Meusel
Frankie Frisch as a player, c.1919
Frankie Frisch as a player, c.1919
Bill Mazeroski was elected by the Veterans Committee in 2001.
Bill Mazeroski was elected by the Veterans Committee in 2001.

The Veterans Committee can be traced back to 1939 when Commissioner of Baseball Kenesaw Mountain Landis formed the Old-Timers Committee to consider players from the 19th century for induction to the Hall of Fame. In 1939, the committee selected five players. In 1944, shortly after Landis' death, the committee voted him into the Hall via a special election. Landis was the 28th person inducted to the Hall—over the next several years, the committee added 23 more: 10 in 1945, 11 in 1946, and 2 in 1949.

In 1953, the Veterans Committee met for the first time under the name Committee on Baseball Veterans. In its first voting, the 11-member committee elected six players to the Hall. Starting in 1955, they would meet to elect up to two players in odd-numbered years. In 1959, Lee Allen succeeded Ernest Lanigan as Hall of Fame historian. According to Bill James, Paul Kerr (president of the Hall of Fame from 1961 to 1978) would generally convince the committee to select players that Allen suggested to him, until Allen's death in 1969. In 1961, the Veterans Committee expanded from 11 to 12 members. In 1962, the Veterans Committee went back to annual elections to the Hall of Fame, with the continued mandate to elect up to two players a year. In 1971, the Veterans Committee made seven selections; partly in response to such a large class, the Veterans Committee was then limited to selecting two players and one non-player every year.

Frankie Frisch, a 1947 inductee to the Hall, was a major voice on the committee in the 1970s. Backed by former teammate and fellow Hall of Famer Bill Terry and sportswriters J. Roy Stockton and Fred Lieb, who had covered Frisch's teams, he managed to get five of his teammates elected to the Hall by the committee between 1970 and 1973: Jesse Haines, Dave Bancroft, Chick Hafey, Ross Youngs, and George Kelly.[10] Additionally, in the three years after his death, two more teammates (Jim Bottomley and Freddie Lindstrom) were elected.[10] After Frisch died and Terry left the committee, elections were normalized.

After the 1977 election, the Veterans Committee was limited to two selections overall per year. In 1978, membership increased to 15 members; five Hall of Famers, five owners and executives, and five sportswriters. The members would meet in Florida during spring training to elect a player or two every year. The Veterans Committee mandate of up to two players was increased briefly from 1995 to 2001. In these years, the committee could elect one extra player from the Negro leagues and one from the 19th century in addition to the two regular players.

Starting in 1995, the Veterans Committee met in closed sessions to elect as many as two executives, managers, umpires, and older major league players—the categories considered in all its meetings since 1953. By a new arrangement it separately considered candidates from the Negro leagues and from the 19th century with authority to select one from each of those, via two special ballots. The older players eligible were those with ten major league seasons beginning 1946 or earlier; those who received at least 100 votes from the BBWAA in some election up to 1992; and those who received at least 60% support in some election beginning 1993. Players on Major League Baseball's ineligible list cannot be elected. The committee can elect up to four people each year.

During much of its existence, the Veterans Committee consisted of 15 members selected by the Hall of Fame for defined terms. A six-man subcommittee of this group met as a screening committee to determine who would be on the ballot. The committee met annually to consider candidates in four separate categories: players, managers, umpires, and executives. The Veterans Committee met privately, and its ballots and voting results were generally not revealed prior to 2003. From the mid-1970s until 2001, the top candidate in each category was elected to the Hall of Fame if he earned at least 75% of the committee's votes.

The Board of Directors reformed the system radically with new rules enacted in August 2001. Formerly, 15 members were appointed to limited terms; the new Veterans Committee would comprise all living members of the Hall, plus recipients of the Spink and Frick awards to writers and broadcasters. In particular, the new members were 61 living Hall of Famers, 13 living recipients of the J. G. Taylor Spink Award, 13 living recipients of the Ford C. Frick Award, and three members of the previous committee with terms that had not yet expired. Elections for players retired more than 20 years would be held every other year and elections for (managers, umpires and executives) would be held every fourth year. The first cycle for both categories would be in 2002 and 2003 for induction in 2003.

Revisions to the voting process

2001 revisions

In 2001, the Hall of Fame radically changed the composition and election procedures for the Veterans Committee, which was revised to consist of:

All members of the former Veterans Committee remained active until the expiration of their terms. Only two were on the committee for the 2003 election, the first under the new election procedures. Only one of the former Veterans Committee members (John McHale) remained on the committee for the 2005 and 2007 elections, and his term expired immediately after the 2007 election.

The election procedures instituted in 2003 are listed below. The procedures were changed again in 2007. Rules, and portions thereof, that changed in 2007 are indicated in italics.

Using these procedures, no one was elected to the Hall of Fame by the Veterans Committee in 2003, 2005, or 2007.

2007 revisions

Following the 2007 elections, the makeup of the committee was again changed, and several procedures were also modified:[11]

Changes affecting all elections
Changes affecting player elections
Pre-World War II players
Changes affecting non-player elections

The threshold for induction remained at 75% of all who voted on the appropriate ballot. In the first election held under the new rules, two managers and three executives were elected in December 2007 as part of the 2008 election process.

2010 revisions

The Hall announced a new Veterans Committee voting process on June 26, 2010, effective with the 2011 election process that began late in 2010. The two biggest changes are:[12]

Candidates will be classified by the time-periods that cover their greatest contributions:

Candidates from each era will be considered every third year, starting with the Expansion Era in the 2011 election (December 2010, 2013), followed by the Golden Era (December 2011, 2014) and then by the Pre-Integration Era (December 2012, 2015).

The existing Historical Overview Committee will formulate each ballot for release in the October or November before the next planned induction ceremony. The Expansion Era ballot will include 12 candidates, while the other two ballots will include ten each. The Hall's Board of Directors will select 16-member committees for each era, made up of Hall of Famers, executives, baseball historians, and media members. Each committee will convene at the Winter Meetings in December to consider and vote on candidates from its assigned era. As before, the threshold of induction will remain at 75% of those voting.[12]

2016 revisions

On July 23, 2016, the Hall of Fame announced changes to the Era Committee system. Highlighting these changes is a restructuring of the time-frames to be considered, with a much greater emphasis on modern eras. Additionally, those major league players, managers, umpires and executives who excelled before 1950, as well Negro leagues stars, will still have an opportunity to have their careers reviewed, but with less frequency.[9]

Separate 16-member subcommittees will continue to vote on individuals from different eras of baseball, with candidates still being classified by the time-periods that cover their greatest contributions:

All committees' ballots will include ten candidates. Whilst there was previously a one-year waiting period after elimination from annual BBWAA consideration, there will now be no waiting period (for example, if a player was eliminated from BBWAA consideration, and some Hall of Fame members believe such player should be considered by the respective committee, they can be nominated on the next ballot of the era in question). The Today's Game and Modern Baseball committees will convene twice every 5 years, the Golden Days committee once every 5 years, and the Early Baseball committee once every 10 years.[9]

While meetings take place in December, voting is included with the induction class for the following calendar year (e.g. December 2016 committee balloting was part of 2017 Hall of Fame elections and induction).

Past meetings
Meeting year Induction year Era Committee(s) meeting
2016 2017 Today's Game
2017 2018 Modern Baseball
2018 2019 Today's Game
2019 2021dagger Modern Baseball
2021 2022 Golden Days, Early Baseball
dagger The induction ceremony originally scheduled for July 26, 2020, was cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic; persons originally scheduled for induction in 2020 will be inducted in 2021.

Note that committee meetings originally scheduled for December 2020 (Golden Days and Early Baseball) were postponed for a year, due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[13] The below schedule reflects a one-year delay to all previously scheduled meetings; this is subject to change.

Future meetings
Meeting year Induction year Era Committee(s) meeting
2022 2023 Today's Game
2023 2024 Modern Baseball
2024 2025 Today's Game
2025 2026 Modern Baseball
2026 2027 Golden Days
2027 2028 Today's Game
2028 2029 Modern Baseball
2029 2030 Today's Game
2030 2031 Modern Baseball
2031 2032 Golden Days, Early Baseball

The criteria for committee eligibility differ for players, managers, and executives.[14]

Potential future candidates

Today's Game (1988–present)

Players: Albert Belle (on 2017 & 2019 ballots), Will Clark (on 2017 & 2019 ballots), Orel Hershiser (on 2017 & 2019 ballots), Joe Carter (on 2019 ballot), Mark McGwire (on 2017 ballot), Rick Aguilera, Edgardo Alfonzo, Brady Anderson, Kevin Appier, Jay Bell, Dante Bichette, Barry Bonds, Bobby Bonilla, Kevin Brown, Ellis Burks, Brett Butler, Ken Caminiti, Jose Canseco, Roger Clemens, David Cone, Darren Daulton, Chili Davis, Tony Fernández, Cecil Fielder, Chuck Finley, Steve Finley, John Franco, Julio Franco, Gary Gaetti, Andrés Galarraga, Juan González, Dwight Gooden, Mark Grace, Shawn Green, Marquis Grissom, Tom Henke, Pat Hentgen, Roberto Hernández, Doug Jones, Brian Jordan, Wally Joyner, David Justice, Jimmy Key, Chuck Knoblauch, Mark Langston, Ray Lankford, Al Leiter, Kenny Lofton, Javy Lopez, Dennis Martinez, Willie McGee, Fred McGriff, José Mesa, Jeff Montgomery, Randy Myers, Robb Nen, John Olerud, Paul O'Neill, Rafael Palmeiro, Terry Pendleton, Tony Phillips, Brad Radke, José Rijo, Bret Saberhagen, Tim Salmon, Curt Schilling, Rubén Sierra, Sammy Sosa, Dave Stieb, Darryl Strawberry, B. J. Surhoff, Fernando Valenzuela, Greg Vaughn, Mo Vaughn, Robin Ventura, Tim Wallach, Bob Welch, David Wells, John Wetteland, Devon White, Bernie Williams, Matt Williams & Todd Zeile;[15]

Managers: Davey Johnson (on 2008, 2017 & 2019 ballots), Tom Kelly (on 2010 ballot), Charlie Manuel (on 2019 ballot), Lou Piniella (2017 w/ 7 votes & 2019 ballots w/ 11 votes), Felipe Alou, Bruce Bochy, Roger Craig, Mike Hargrove, Art Howe, Jim Leyland, Johnny Oates and Bobby Valentine;[16]

General managers: John Hart, Dan O'Dowd;[17]

Owners: George Steinbrenner (on 2011, 2014, 2017 & 2019 ballots), George W. Bush, Peter O'Malley, Ted Turner;

Other executives: Bill White (on 2007 w/ 24 votes & 2010 ballots), Bobby Brown;

Umpires: Joe Brinkman, Derryl Cousins, Jerry Crawford, Bob Davidson, Rich Garcia, Randy Marsh, Tim McClelland, Ed Montague, Mike Reilly and Tim Welke[18]

Players Moises Alou, Lance Berkman, Eric Chavez, Johnny Damon, Carlos Delgado, Adam Dunn, Jim Edmonds, Nomar Garciaparra, Eric Gagne, Jason Giambi, Luis Gonzalez, Ryan Howard, Tim Hudson, Jason Kendall, Paul Konerko, Cliff Lee, Tim Lincecum, Justin Morneau, Joe Nathan, Hideo Nomo, Magglio Ordóñez, Roy Oswalt, Jonathan Papelbon, Troy Percival, Jorge Posada, Édgar Rentería, Johan Santana, J.T. Snow, Alfonso Soriano, Miguel Tejada, Mark Teixeira, and Michael Young are ineligible for the 2023 Today's Game ballot as they have not been retired for 15 years. Manager Mike Scioscia is ineligible until after the 2023 Today's Game ballot, as he will not have been retired for 5 years nor turned 65 until after that election. Manager Dusty Baker is ineligible until he retires from managing the Houston Astros for at least 6 months. Executives Dave Dombrowski and Stan Kasten are ineligible until after the 2023 Today's Game ballot, as they will not have been retired for 5 years nor turned 70 until after that election.

Modern Baseball (1970–1987)

Players: Vida Blue (on 2011 ballot), Bobby Bonds (on 2007 ballot w/ 1 vote), Dwight Evans (on 2020 ballot w/ 8 votes), Steve Garvey (on 2011, 2014, 2018 & 2020 w/ 6 votes ballots), Ron Guidry (on 2011 ballot), Tommy John (on 2011, 2014, 2018 & 2020 ballots), Mickey Lolich (on 2007 ballot w/ 8 votes), Sparky Lyle (on 2007 ballot w/ 6 votes), Don Mattingly (on 2018 & 2020 ballots), Thurman Munson (on 2007 w/ 6 votes & 2020 ballots), Dale Murphy (on 2018 & 2020 ballots), Al Oliver (on 2007 w/ 14 votes, 2009 w/ 9 votes & 2011 ballots), Dave Parker (on 2014, 2018 & 2020 w/ 7 votes ballots), Dan Quisenberry (on 2014 ballot), Rusty Staub (on 2011 ballot), Luis Tiant (on 2007 w/ 15 votes, 2009 w/ 13 votes, 2012, 2015 & 2018 ballots), Lou Whitaker (on 2020 ballot w/ 6 votes), Dusty Baker, Sal Bando, Don Baylor, Mark Belanger, Buddy Bell, Bob Boone, Larry Bowa, Bill Buckner, Jeff Burroughs, Bert Campaneris, César Cedeño, Ron Cey, Chris Chambliss, Jack Clark, Dave Concepción, Cecil Cooper, José Cruz, Bucky Dent, Brian Downing, Darrell Evans, George Foster, Oscar Gamble, Kirk Gibson, Bobby Grich, Ken Griffey Sr., Pedro Guerrero, Toby Harrah, Keith Hernandez, John Hiller, Ken Holtzman, Burt Hooton, Willie Horton, Charlie Hough, Don Kessinger, Dave Kingman, Jerry Koosman, Carney Lansford, Chet Lemon, Davey Lopes, Greg Luzinski, Fred Lynn, Bill Madlock, Mike Marshall, Gary Matthews, Lee May, Tug McGraw, Hal McRae, Andy Messersmith, Rick Monday, Bobby Murcer, Graig Nettles, Joe Niekro, Amos Otis, Lance Parrish, Tony Peña, Rico Petrocelli, Lou Piniella, Willie Randolph, Jeff Reardon, Rick Reuschel, Jerry Reuss, Dave Righetti, Mickey Rivers, Steve Rogers, Bill Russell, Steve Sax, George Scott, Ken Singleton, Reggie Smith, Paul Splittorff, Dave Stewart, Jim Sundberg, Rick Sutcliffe, Frank Tanana, Kent Tekulve, Garry Templeton, Gene Tenace, Mike Torrez, Frank Viola, Bob Watson, Frank White, Willie Wilson & Wilbur Wood;[15]

Managers: Billy Martin (on 2007 w/ 12 votes, 2008, 2010 & 2014 ballots), Gene Mauch (on 2008 & 2010 ballots), Jim Fregosi, Ralph Houk, Dick Howser, Jack McKeon, John McNamara, Chuck Tanner, Don Zimmer;[16]

Executives: Harry Dalton (on 2007 ballot w/ 8 votes), John Fetzer (on 2008 ballot w/ 4 votes), Charlie O. Finley (on 2007 w/ 10 votes & 2012 ballots), Bob Howsam (on 2008 w/ 3 votes, 2010, & 2015 ballots), Ewing Kauffman (on 2008 w/ 5 votes & 2010 ballots w/ 6 votes), Gene Autry (on 2010 ballot), Charles Bronfman, Al Campanis, Frank Cashen, Chub Feeney, Peter O'Malley, Paul Owens, Cedric Tallis;[17]

Umpires: Larry Barnett, Jim Evans, Bruce Froemming, Larry McCoy, John McSherry, Steve Palermo, Dave Phillips, Marty Springstead, Harry Wendelstedt, Lee Weyer.[18]

Pete Rose has been ruled ineligible for future ballots due to his gambling on baseball when he was manager of the Cincinnati Reds. He has since sought to remove his name from baseball's "Permanently Ineligible" list so he can appear on the Modern Baseball Era Committee's ballot. The only way that will happen is if the Commissioner of Baseball removes his name from the "Permanently Ineligible" list.[19]

Golden Days (1950–1969)

Players: Dick Allen (on 2007 w/ 9 votes, 2009 w/ 7 votes, 2015 ballot w/ 11 votes, & 2022 ballot w/ 11 votes), Ken Boyer (on 2007 w/ 9 votes, 2012 ballot, 2015 ballot, & 2022 ballot w/ less than 4 votes), Rocky Colavito (on 2007 ballot w/ 5 votes), Curt Flood (on 2007 ballot w/ 14 votes), Roger Maris (on 2007 ballot w/ 15 votes, & 2022 ballot w/ less than 4 votes), Don Newcombe (on 2007 ballot w/ 17 votes), Billy Pierce (on 2015 ballot & 2022 ballot w/ less than 4 votes), Vada Pinson (on 2007 w/ 16 votes & 2009 ballots), Mickey Vernon (on 2007 ballot w/ 14 votes), Maury Wills (on 2007 w/ 33 votes, 2009 w/ 15 votes, 2015 ballot w/ 9 votes & 2022 ballot w/ less than 4 votes), Joe Adcock, Felipe Alou, Steve Barber, Lew Burdette, Norm Cash, Del Crandall, Mike Cuellar, Alvin Dark, Tommy Davis, Willie Davis, Murry Dickson, Del Ennis, Carl Erskine, Roy Face, Bill Freehan, Jim Fregosi, Bob Friend, Carl Furillo, Mike Garcia, Ned Garver, Jim Gilliam, Dick Groat, Elston Howard, Frank Howard, Larry Jackson, Jackie Jensen, Ted Kluszewski, Harvey Kuenn, Vern Law, Sherm Lollar, Eddie Lopat, Sal Maglie, Jim Maloney, Tim McCarver, Lindy McDaniel, Gil McDougald, Sam McDowell, Denny McLain, Roy McMillan, Dave McNally, Stu Miller, Claude Osteen, Andy Pafko, Milt Pappas, Ron Perranoski, Camilo Pascual, Jim Perry, Johnny Podres, Boog Powell, Vic Raschi, Bobby Richardson, Al Rosen, Roy Sievers, Curt Simmons, Mel Stottlemyre, Tony Taylor, Bobby Thomson, Jimmy Wynn & Eddie Yost; [15]

Managers: Danny Murtaugh (on 2008 w/ 6 votes & 2010 ballots w/ 8 votes, & 2022 ballot w/ less than 4 votes), Paul Richards (on 2007 ballot w/ 10 votes), Fred Hutchinson, Bill Rigney, Birdie Tebbetts; [16]

General Managers: Buzzie Bavasi (on 2007 w/ 30 votes, 2008 & 2012 ballots), John McHale (on 2008 & 2010 ballots), Gabe Paul (on 2007 w/ 10 votes, 2008 & 2010 ballots), Bing Devine, Frank Lane; [17]

Owners: Gussie Busch (on 2007 ballot w/ 13 votes), Phil Wrigley (on 2007 ballot w/ 9 votes), Calvin Griffith

Umpires: Augie Donatelli, Tom Gorman, Jim Honochick, Hank Soar.

Early Baseball (1871–1949)

Negro league personnel: John Donaldson (on 2006 Negro League Ballot & 2022 Ballot with 8 votes), Vic Harris (on 2022 ballot with 10 votes), Home Run Johnson (on 2006 Pre-Negro League Ballot & 2022 ballot w/ less than 4 votes), Dick Redding (on 2006 Pre-Negro League Ballot & 2022 ballot w/ less than 4 votes), George Scales (on 2006 Negro League Ballot & 2022 ballot w/ 4 votes), Newt Allen (on 2006 Negro League Ballot), John Beckwith (on 2006 Negro League Ballot), William Bell (on 2006 Negro League Ballot), Chet Brewer (on 2006 Negro League Ballot), Bill Byrd (on 2006 Negro League Ballot), Rap Dixon (on 2006 Negro League Ballot), Sammy T. Hughes (on 2006 Negro League Ballot), Fats Jenkins (on 2006 Negro League Ballot), Dick Lundy (on 2006 Negro League Ballot), Oliver Marcell (on 2006 Negro League Ballot), Dobie Moore (on 2006 Negro League Ballot), Alejandro Oms (on 2006 Negro League Ballot), Red Parnell (on 2006 Negro League Ballot), Candy Jim Taylor (on 2006 Negro League Ballot), C.I. Taylor (on 2006 Negro League Ballot), Spot Poles (on 2006 Pre-Negro League Ballot), Bingo DeMoss, Bruce Petway, Ted Radcliffe;

Major league players: Bill Dahlen (on 2009, 2013 w/ 10 votes & 2016 ballots w/ 8 votes & 2022 ballot w/ less than 4 votes), Wes Ferrell (on 2007 w/ 7 votes, 2009 w/ 6 votes, 2013 & 2016 ballots), Sherry Magee (on 2009 ballot w/ 3 votes), Marty Marion (on 2007 w/ 11 votes, 2013 & 2016 ballots), Carl Mays (on 2007 w/ 6 votes & 2009 ballots), Lefty O'Doul (on 2007 ballot w/ 15 votes & 2022 ballot w/ 5 votes), Allie Reynolds (on 2009 w/ 8 votes, 2012, & 2022 ballots w/ 6 votes), Harry Stovey (on 2016 ballot w/ 8 votes), Cecil Travis (on 2007 ballot w/ 12 votes), Mickey Vernon (on 2009 ballot w/ 5 votes), Bucky Walters (on 2009 w/ 4 votes, 2013 & 2016 ballots), Frank McCormick (on 2016 ballot), Tony Mullane (on 2013 ballot), Vern Stephens (on 2009 ballot), Babe Adams, Ross Barnes, Dick Bartell, Ginger Beaumont, Charlie Bennett, Wally Berger, Tommy Bond, Bill Bradley, Harry Brecheen, Ted Breitenstein, Tommy Bridges, Pete Browning, Charlie Buffinton, George H. Burns, George J. Burns, Dolph Camilli, Bob Caruthers, George Case, Phil Cavarretta, Spud Chandler, Ben Chapman, Cupid Childs, Harlond Clift, Jack Coombs, Mort Cooper, Walker Cooper, Wilbur Cooper, Tommy Corcoran, Doc Cramer, Gavvy Cravath, Lave Cross, Jake Daubert, Hooks Dauss, Paul Derringer, Dom DiMaggio, Bill Donovan, Patsy Donovan, Larry Doyle, Jimmy Dykes, Bob Elliott, Bob Ferguson, Freddie Fitzsimmons, Art Fletcher, Larry French, Jack Glasscock, Kid Gleason, George Gore, Heinie Groh, Stan Hack, Mel Harder, Jeff Heath, Tommy Henrich, Babe Herman, Paul Hines, Dummy Hoy, Sam Jethroe, Bob Johnson, Charley Jones, Sad Sam Jones, Joe Judge, Willie Kamm, Charlie Keller, Ken Keltner, Silver King, Johnny Kling, Ed Konetchy, Ray Kremer, Joe Kuhel, Arlie Latham, Tommy Leach, Sam Leever, Dutch Leonard, Herman Long, Bobby Lowe, Dolf Luque, Firpo Marberry, Pepper Martin, Bobby Mathews, Jim McCormick, Deacon McGuire, Stuffy McInnis, Ed McKean, Cal McVey, Bob Meusel, Irish Meusel, Clyde Milan, Bing Miller, Terry Moore, Wally Moses, George Mullin, Johnny Murphy, Buddy Myer, Art Nehf, Bobo Newsom, Al Orth, Roger Peckinpaugh, Johnny Pesky, Fred Pfeffer, Deacon Phillippe, Jack Powell, Del Pratt, Jack Quinn, Ed Reulbach, Hardy Richardson, Eddie Rommel, Charlie Root, Schoolboy Rowe, Nap Rucker, Jimmy Ryan, Johnny Sain, Slim Sallee, Wally Schang, Luke Sewell, Rip Sewell, Bob Shawkey, Jimmy Sheckard, Urban Shocker, Joe Start, Riggs Stephenson, Jack Stivetts, Ezra Sutton, Jesse Tannehill, Fred Tenney, Mike Tiernan, Hal Trosky, Dizzy Trout, Virgil Trucks, George Uhle, Johnny Vander Meer, George Van Haltren, Hippo Vaughn, Bobby Veach, Dixie Walker, Lon Warneke, Gus Weyhing, Doc White, Will White, Earl Whitehill, Jim Whitney, Cy Williams, Ken Williams, Smoky Joe Wood, Rudy York;[15]

Managers: Charlie Grimm (on 2010 ballot), Steve O'Neill (on 2010 ballot), Chuck Dressen, Jimmy Dykes, Pat Moran, Jim Mutrie;[16]

Executives: Sam Breadon (on 2010, 2013 & 2016 ballots), August Herrmann (on 2016 ballot), Al Reach (on 2013 ballot), Chris von der Ahe (on 2016 ballot), Charles Ebbets, John Heydler, Harry Pulliam, Bob Quinn, Ben Shibe, Charles Somers, Charles Stoneham, John K. Tener, Nicholas Young;

Umpires: Cy Rigler (on 2008 ballot), Bill Dinneen, Bob Emslie, John Gaffney, Tim Hurst, George Moriarty, Silk O'Loughlin, Brick Owens, Babe Pinelli, Ernie Quigley, Beans Reardon, Jack Sheridan, Bill Summers;[18]

Pioneers: Doc Adams (on 2016 ballot w/ 10 votes), Ernest Lanigan, Tim Murnane.

Shoeless Joe Jackson has been ruled ineligible for future ballots due to accusations that he helped throw the 1919 World Series along with 7 other teammates, when they played for the Chicago White Sox. Even though they and their teammates were ruled innocent of the charges in a court of law, Commissioner Kenesaw Mountain Landis ruled them permanently banned from baseball and placed them on the list of "permanently ineligible" individuals from playing, managing or otherwise participating in baseball. There is some disagreement as to the guilt of Jackson and Buck Weaver. Several individuals, including the late Hall of Famer Ted Williams,[20] have since sought to remove Jackson's name from baseball's "Permanently Ineligible" List so he can appear on the Early Baseball Era Committee's ballot. The only way that will happen is if the Commissioner of Baseball removes his name from the "Permanently Ineligible" List.[19][21][22]

Committee members

1953–2001

Shirley Povich as master of ceremonies at Cooperstown, 1955
Shirley Povich as master of ceremonies at Cooperstown, 1955
Commissioner of Baseball Ford Frick in 1962
Bob Broeg, sportswriter
Bob Broeg, sportswriter
1972 Hall of Fame inductee Yogi Berra
1972 Hall of Fame inductee Yogi Berra
1973 Hall of Fame inductee Monte Irvin
1973 Hall of Fame inductee Monte Irvin

The following is a list of members of the Veterans Committee from its establishment in 1953 to its radical reformation in 2001, along with the dates of their membership.

2008

As of December 2008, for 2009 Baseball Hall of Fame balloting, members of the Veterans Committee were:[23]

Pre-1943 Veterans Committee members
Post-1942 Veterans Committee members (67)

2010

As of November 2010, for 2011 Baseball Hall of Fame balloting, the only committee members announced were those voting for the post-1972 Expansion Era candidates:[1]

2011

As of November 2011, for 2012 Baseball Hall of Fame balloting, the 16-member Golden Era Committee was announced:[24]

2012

Roland Hemond

As of November 2012, for 2013 Baseball Hall of Fame balloting, the 16-member Pre-Integration Era Committee was announced:[25]

2013

The Pre-Integration Committee's 16-member voting electorate, appointed by the Hall of Fame's Board of Directors, was announced at the same time as the ballot of 10 candidates:[26]

2014

The Expansion Era Committee's 16-member voting electorate, appointed by the Hall of Fame's Board of Directors, was announced at the same time as the ballot of 12 candidates.[27] The Hall officially calls this group the "Expansion Era Committee", but media still generally refer to it as the "Veterans Committee".

2015

The Golden Era Committee's 16-member voting electorate, appointed by the Hall of Fame's Board of Directors, was announced at the same time as the ballot of 10 candidates.[28] The Baseball Hall of Fame officially named this group the "Golden Era Committee" ("The Committee"), which voted for the first time on December 5, 2011. All of the Hall of Fame members on this committee were inducted as players, except for executive Pat Gillick.

2016

The Pre-Integration ballot for election was released on October 5, 2015; final voting was conducted by the Pre-Integration Committee, a 16-member body which met at baseball's winter meetings in Nashville on December 6, with 75% (12 of 16 votes) required for election; results were announced the following morning. The committee's members, appointed by the Hall of Fame's board of directors, were announced later in fall 2015 and included members of the Hall, baseball executives, members of the media and historians:

Blyleven, Gillick, Niekro, DeWitt, Hughes, Hirdt, Morris, Smith and T.R. Sullivan previously served on the committee which selected the 2013 inductees. For the second consecutive year, none of the candidates received enough votes for election; it marked the third consecutive year – and the fifth time in seven years – in which no former players were chosen by the Hall's special committees.[29] Speaking on MLB Network's Hot Stove immediately after it broadcast the announcement, Major League Baseball's official historian John Thorn expressed surprise and disappointment at the results, noting that he had felt there were three particularly strong candidates (prior to the announcement, he had commented favorably on the candidacies of Doc Adams and Harry Stovey); he speculated that the number of good candidates may have deadlocked the voting once again, and suggested that the Hall may need to amend the voting process in the future.

2017

Hall of Famer and committee member Dennis Eckersley
Hall of Famer and committee member Dennis Eckersley

The committee consisted of the following individuals:[30]

2018

The committee consisted of the following individuals:[31]

2019

The committee consisted of the following individuals:[32]

2020

The cutoff for election to the Hall of Fame remained the standard 75%; as the Modern Baseball Era Committee consisted of 16 members, 12 votes was the minimum for selection. The 16-member Hall of Fame Board-appointed electorate charged with the review of the Modern Baseball Era featured Hall of Fame members George Brett, Rod Carew, Dennis Eckersley, Eddie Murray, Ozzie Smith and Robin Yount; major league executives Sandy Alderson, Dave Dombrowski, David Glass, Walt Jocketty, Doug Melvin and Terry Ryan; and veteran media members/historians Bill Center,[33] Steve Hirdt, Jack O’Connell[34] and Tracy Ringolsby.[35]

2021

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, meetings of the Early Baseball committee and Golden Days committee were postponed from December 2020 to December 2021.[36]

References

  1. ^ a b "Expansion Era Committee to Consider 12 Candidates for Hall of Fame Election at December's Winter Meetings" (Press release). National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. November 8, 2010. Archived from the original on November 11, 2010. Retrieved November 8, 2010 – via Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ "Pat Gillick elected to Hall of Fame". ESPN.com. Associated Press. December 6, 2010. Retrieved December 6, 2010. Pat Gillick, whose teams won three World Series titles in 27 years as a major league general manager, was elected to baseball's Hall of Fame on Monday by the Veterans Committee.
  3. ^ Jaffe, Jay (December 7, 2015). "Pre-Integration Era vote again shows flaws in Hall of Fame's process". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved January 27, 2021. The Veterans Committee threw another shutout with its Pre-Integration Era ballot results...
  4. ^ Nightengale, Bob (December 9, 2019). "Opinion: Baseball Hall of Fame assures MLBPA founder Marvin Miller will never be forgotten". USA Today. Retrieved January 27, 2021. Miller, who was snubbed seven times on the Hall of Fame veterans’ committee ballot...
  5. ^ Doolittle, Bradford (January 26, 2021). "No one elected to Baseball Hall of Fame; Curt Schilling requests removal from writers' ballot". ESPN.com. Retrieved January 27, 2021. Players get 10 shots at enshrinement via the writers' voting before moving on to consideration by one of the Hall's various era-based veterans committees.
  6. ^ Expansion Era Committee "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-04-30. Retrieved 2013-04-13.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Retrieved June 21, 2013
  7. ^ Golden Era Committee "Archived copy". Archived from the original on April 30, 2013. Retrieved April 13, 2013.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Retrieved June 21, 2013
  8. ^ Pre-Integration Committee "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-04-30. Retrieved 2013-04-13.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Retrieved June 21, 2013
  9. ^ a b c d e "Hall of Fame Makes Series of Announcements" (Press release). National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. 2016-07-23. Retrieved 2016-08-14.
  10. ^ a b Jaffe, Jay (July 28, 2010). "Prospectus Hit and Run: Don't Call it the Veterans' Committee". Baseball Prospectus. Prospectus Entertainment Ventures, LLC. Retrieved November 3, 2011.
  11. ^ O'Connell, Jack (2007-07-28). "Veterans Committee Process Revamped". National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. Archived from the original on 2007-12-08. Retrieved 2007-08-14.
  12. ^ a b "Hall of Fame Board of Directors Restructures Procedures for Consideration of Managers, Umpires, Executives and Long-Retired Players" (Press release). National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. July 26, 2010.
  13. ^ Fagan, Ryan (November 16, 2020). "2020 Baseball Hall of Fame ballot: Will anyone be elected this year?". Sporting News. Retrieved November 16, 2020.
  14. ^ "Era Rules for Election". Eras Committees. National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. Retrieved July 31, 2018.
  15. ^ a b c d Hall of Stat's Players who should be eligible http://www.hallofstats.com/upcoming
  16. ^ a b c d Baseball-Reference Manager's Records https://www.baseball-reference.com/managers/index.shtml
  17. ^ a b c Best 25 General Managers in Baseball History https://sabr.org/latest/armour-and-levitt-best-25-gms-baseball-history
  18. ^ a b c All regular-season totals of overall games and games as a home plate umpire are taken from Project Retrosheet's Directory of Umpires. Accessed 2019-11-01.
  19. ^ a b https://www.everything2.com/index.pl?node_id=1512121
  20. ^ Ted Williams, 80, Is Set on Sliding Shoeless Joe From Shame to Fame https://www.wsj.com/articles/SB927759322347277030
  21. ^ Hal Bock: Banned: Baseball's Blacklist of All-Stars and Also-Rans, Diversion Publishing, New York, NY, 2017. ISBN 978-1635760316
  22. ^ "MLB's permanently banned list: A motley crew of gamblers, thieves, cheats and drug users". USA Today.
  23. ^ "Gordon Elected to Hall by Veterans Committee". National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. 2008-01-12. Archived from the original on December 11, 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-13.
  24. ^ Barry M. Bloom (December 5, 2011). "Cubs legend Santo elected to Hall of Fame". MLB.com. Archived from the original on December 7, 2011. Retrieved January 7, 2011 – via Wayback Machine.
  25. ^ "10 finalists named for Baseball Hall of Fame's 2013 Pre-Integration Era ballot". SABR. November 2, 2012. Retrieved October 22, 2019.
  26. ^ "Rules for Election for Managers, Umpires, Executives and Players for Pre-Integration Era Candidates to the National Baseball Hall of Fame". National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. Archived from the original on November 25, 2011. Retrieved January 10, 2012.
  27. ^ "Twelve Finalists Comprise Expansion Era Ballot For Hall of Fame Consideration in 2014" (Press release). National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. November 4, 2013. Retrieved November 6, 2013.
  28. ^ "Newest Hall of Fame Candidates Announced" (Press release). National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. Retrieved November 5, 2014.
  29. ^ Bloom, Barry M. (December 7, 2015). "Pre-Integration vote yields no Hall inductees". MLB.com. Retrieved December 7, 2015.
  30. ^ "John Schuerholz, Bud Selig Elected to National Baseball Hall of Fame by Today's Game Committee" (Press release). National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. December 4, 2016. Retrieved December 6, 2016.
  31. ^ "Jack Morris, Alan Trammell Elected to Hall of Fame by Modern Baseball Era Committee" (Press release). National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. December 10, 2017. Retrieved December 10, 2017.
  32. ^ "Lee Smith, Harold Baines Elected to Hall of Fame by Today's Game Era Committee" (Press release). National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. December 9, 2018. Retrieved December 9, 2018.
  33. ^ "Bill Center - the San Diego Union-Tribune".
  34. ^ Jack O'Connell Bio https://mlblogscutoffman.wordpress.com/about-jack-oconnell/
  35. ^ "Modern Era Committee Picks Honorees on Dec. 8".
  36. ^ Fagan, Ryan (November 16, 2020). "2020 Baseball Hall of Fame ballot: Will anyone be elected this year?". Sporting News. Retrieved November 16, 2020.