(Miyamoto et al. 1961)
|ATCC 17749 |
CCUG 4989 and 13445 and 16315
CIP 103336 and 75.3
NCCB 71013 and 77003
Oceanomonas alginolytica Miyamoto et al. 1961
Vibrio alginolyticus is a Gram-negative marine bacterium. It is medically important since it causes otitis and wound infection. It is also present in the bodies of animals such as pufferfish, where it is responsible for the production of the potent neurotoxin, tetrodotoxin.
Vibrio alginolyticus are commonly found in aquatic environments. Some strains of V. alginolyticus are highly salt tolerant and commonly found in marine environment. S.I. Paul et al. (2021) isolated and identified many strains of Vibrio alginolyticus from nine marine sponges of the Saint Martin's Island Area of the Bay of Bengal, Bangladesh.
V. alginolyticus was first identified as a pathogen of humans in 1973. It occasionally causes eye, ear, and wound infections. It is a highly salt-tolerant species and can grow in salt concentrations of 10%. Most clinical isolates come from superinfected wounds that become contaminated at the beach. Tetracycline is typically an effective treatment. V. alginolyticus is rare cause of bacteremia in immunocompromised hosts.
Colony, morphological, physiological, and biochemical characteristics of Vibrio alginolyticus are shown in the Table below.
|Growth at 6.5% NaCl||+|
|Biochemical characters||Gram's staining||–|
|Acid production from||Glycerol||+|
Note: + = Positive, – =Negative