Vic Davalillo
Vic Davalillo 1968.JPG
Davalillo in 1968
Outfielder
Born: (1936-07-30) July 30, 1936 (age 86)
Cabimas, Zulia, Venezuela
Batted: Left
Threw: Left
MLB debut
April 9, 1963, for the Cleveland Indians
Last MLB appearance
October 6, 1980, for the Los Angeles Dodgers
MLB statistics
Batting average.279
Home runs36
Runs batted in329
Teams
Career highlights and awards

Víctor José Davalillo Romero (born July 30, 1936)[1] is a Venezuelan former professional baseball outfielder. He played for 30 years in the U.S., Mexico, and his homeland, compiling more than 4,100 base hits total.[2]

Davalillo (pronounced da-va-LEE-yo) played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Cleveland Indians (1963–68), California Angels (196869), St. Louis Cardinals (196970), Pittsburgh Pirates (197173), Oakland Athletics (197374), and Los Angeles Dodgers (197780).[3]

Davalillo, who batted and threw left-handed, was a leadoff hitter known for his speedy baserunning and capable defense.[4][5] He was a fan favorite during his years with the Indians, and became a valuable utility player later in his career.[6] He was also recognzed as a superb pinch hitter.[7]

Davalillo also had an exceptional career in the Venezuelan Winter League, where he is the all-time leader in total base hits and career batting average.[8]

Early life

Although many baseball references show Davalillo's birthplace as Cabimas, Venezuela, in 2006 he told a biographer that he was actually born in Churuguara, Falcón.[8] His family moved to Cabimas a few days after he was born. He grew up in the Costa Oriental region on Lake Maracaibo.[4][8] His older brother, Pompeyo Davalillo, played briefly for the Washington Senators in 1953.[4]

U.S. minor league career

Davalillo began his career as a pitcher. He signed a contract as an amateur free agent with the Cincinnati Reds in 1958.[9][10] He was sold to the Indians organisation in 1961 and moved up the ladder to Jacksonville, their Triple-A club in the International League.[11] Davalillo won the first batting title in the Jacksonville Suns history with a .346 batting average in 1962.[4][9][12]

Major league career (first phase)

Davalillo became the eighth Venezuelan to play in Major League Baseball when he joined the Indians in 1963 as their leadoff hitter and center fielder.[3][8] By mid-June, he was hitting for a .304 batting average and was receiving consideration for the American League Rookie of the Year Award when, he was hit by a pitch by Hank Aguirre and suffered a broken wrist.[4][13][14] He returned from the injury to lead the Indians in hitting with a .292 along with a career-high 7 home runs in 90 games however, after the injury, he was never the same hitter against left handed pitching.[3][8][15] In October, he was named to the 1963 Topps All-Star Rookie Team.[16] The following season, Davalillo finished second in the league in fielding percentage among center fielders and was named as a recipient of the 1964 American League Gold Glove Award. He was the first left-handed throwing outfielder to win a Gold Glove.[17][18]

In 1965, Davalillo led the league in batting at mid-season with a .345 batting average, earning him a place as the starting center fielder for the American League team in the 1965 All-Star Game.[19][20] He ended the 1965 season with a .301 batting average, third-best in the American League behind Tony Oliva and Carl Yastrzemski, the only other players to break the .300 mark that year.[21] Davalillo had an off year in 1966, and the Indians began to use him in a platoon role, playing him when they faced right-handed pitchers.[8][22] In 1967, he hit for a .302 average against right-handed pitchers but, only managed a .188 average against left handers, for a .287 average overall.[23]

Davalillo had dipped to a .239 average on June 15, 1968 when, the Indians traded him to the California Angels for former All-Star Jimmie Hall.[11] He rebounded to lead the Angels with a .298 batting average after the trade, finishing the season with a .277 average overall, the sixth highest average in the American League.[3] In an era dominated by pitching, Yastrzemski was the only player in the American League to hit for an average higher than .300 in 1968.[24]

In January 1969, Davalillo suffered a nervous breakdown while he was in Venezuela to play in the Venezuelan Winter League.[25] He began the 1969 season hitting for only a .155 average in 33 games and on May 30, he was traded to the St. Louis Cardinals for Jim Hicks.[11] In his first National League at bat on June 1, 1969, Davalillo hit a three-run home run.[26] He also made two appearances as a relief pitcher for the Cardinals in 1969 but failed to retire any batters.[27] He is one of 14 pitchers in Major League history to have posted an infinite ERA, and the only one to have pitched in more than one game.[28]

Davalillo became a utility player and highly effective pinch hitter with the Cardinals in 1970. He was originally credited with 24 pinch hits in 1970, which broke the National League record set by Sam Leslie (1932) and tied by Red Schoendienst (1962). He also ostensibly tied the major-league single-season mark, also set by Dave Philley in 1961. The total was subsequently corrected to 23, but while Davalillo was still credited with holding it, it was broken in 1976 by José Morales.[29][8][6][30][31] One of the previous National League record holders was also his manager in 1970: Red Schoendienst.[32] Davalillo ended the season with a .311 average and 33 runs batted in.[3]

The Cardinals traded Davalillo along with Nelson Briles to the Pittsburgh Pirates for Matty Alou and George Brunet in January 1971.[11] He continued in his role as a utility player, facing mostly right-handed pitchers and playing all three outfield positions and as a first baseman.[7] Davalillo ended the year with a .285 batting average, helping the Pirates clinch the National League Eastern Division title.[33] The Pirates went on to defeat the San Francisco Giants in the 1971 National League Championship Series before winning the 1971 World Series against the Baltimore Orioles. In 1972, he continued to be a valuable role player, hitting for a career-high .318 batting average in 117 games, helping the Pirates win the Eastern Division pennant, before they lost to the Cincinnati Reds in the 1972 National League Championship Series.[3][7]

In July 1973, the Pirates sold Davalillo to the Oakland Athletics, who were in the midst of a pennant race with the Kansas City Royals.[11][34] The Athletics eventually won the American League West Division and faced the Baltimore Orioles in the 1973 American League Championship Series. Davalillo had five hits in eight at-bats for a .625 batting average during the championship series, including a crucial RBI triple in the deciding Game 5.[35][36][37]

The Athletics then went on to defeat the New York Mets in the 1973 World Series.[38] Davalillo played in six of the seven games, starting twice in center field and going 1-for-11 altogether.

After appearing in 17 games for the Athletics in the 1974 season, Davalillo was released on May 30.[3]

Mexican League

Davalillo then played three seasons in the Mexican League. He was the league's top hitter with a .384 batting average in 1977. He continued to pitch on occasion.

Comeback in the majors

The Los Angeles Dodgers, seeking an experienced reserve, purchased Davalillo's contract in August 1977.[8][9][6] As a pinch hitter and a defensive substitute, he posted a .313 batting average in 24 games for the Dodgers in 1977, helping them win the National League West Division crown.[3] Davalillo thus became the first major-leaguer to play for three different teams in the League Championship Series (Pittsburgh in 1971-1972, Oakland in 1973 and Los Angeles in 1977).[15][35]

Davalillo is remembered for his clutch pinch-hitting performance against the Philadelphia Phillies in Game 3 of the 1977 National League Championship Series.[39] Trailing the Phillies 5–3 with 2 outs in the 9th inning, he spearheaded a three-run rally, when he surprised the Phillies by beating out a perfectly executed drag bunt.[40] Manny Mota drove Davalillo home with a double, then scored on a single by Davey Lopes to tie the game.[41] The Dodgers eventually won the game and went on to win Game 4 to clinch the National League championship.[42]

In the 1977 World Series against the New York Yankees, Davalillo made three pinch-hitting appearances, driving home one run with a single as the Dodgers lost the series in six games.[35][43]

At the age of 42 in 1978, Davalillo hit for a .312 average as a pinch hitter for the Dodgers as they once again claimed the National League pennant before losing to the New York Yankees for a second consecutive year in the 1978 World Series.[3][44]

Davalillo remained on manager Tommy Lasorda’s squad to start the 1979 season, but in mid-June, he returned to Triple-A ball for the first time in 17 years. He rejoined the big club in September, going 4-for-10.[8]

Continued action in Mexico and the majors

After the 1979 season the Dodgers released Davalillo. He returned to Mexico, and after he hit .394 in 94 games, the Dodgers reached out for him again. He played for L.A.'s Triple-A team in Albuquerque and was called up at age 44 for his last six big-league at-bats in September and October 1980.[8]

He played in 40 final games in the Mexican League in 1981. His career south of the border continued, however, in the little-known Liga Nacional. This circuit was started in 1981 by ANABE (Asociación Nacional de Beisbolistas), a Mexican players’ association. Davalillo played in 1982 for Lechugueros de León in 1982. If Liga Nacional records still exist, they would be extremely difficult to find, but apparently Davalillo hit .360 in 124 games for the Lettuce Growers. In 1986 he was invited to join another Liga Nacional club, Tuzos de Zacatecas, but the circuit folded before he played for the Gophers.[8][2]

Winter League career

Davalillo kept playing in the Venezuelan Winter League until the age of 50.[45] All told, he played in 30 seasons between 1957 and 1987:

Davalillo retired after appearing in the 1987 Caribbean Series.[8]

Other leagues in Venezuela

Career statistics

In a 16-year major-league career, Davalillo played in 1,458 games, accumulating 1,122 hits in 4,017 at bats for a .279 career batting average along with 36 home runs, 329 runs batted in, a .315 on-base percentage, 509 runs, 160 doubles, 37 triples, and 125 stolen bases.[3] He finished his career at center field with a .988 fielding percentage, ranking him 61st among major league center fielders since 1913.[46]

In the Venezuelan Winter League, he set lifetime league records that still stand in batting average (.325), hits (1,505), games played (1,280), at-bats (4,633), runs (668), doubles (196), runs batted in (483) and career seasons (30).[8][45][47][48] Beside this, he won four batting titles and set record in hits (100) in a season.[8][48]

The 2019 biography Vitico al Bate credits him with 4,158 total base hits as a professional:

This total may not account for U.S. minor-league postseason games. Note also that La Enciclopedia del Beisbol Mexicano credits Davalillo with 782 in the Mexican League. Uncertainty exists around totals in the Liga Nacional.

Honors

In 1987, the ballpark in Cabimas, Zulia, was renamed Estadio Víctor Davalillo.[8] The Most Valuable Player award in the Venezuelan Professional Baseball League is also named after him.[8]

In 2003, Davalillo was selected to the inaugural class of the Venezuelan Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum.[citation needed]

The Venezuelan winter league played its 2019-20 season in Davalillo's honor.[citation needed]

In March 2022, a youth baseball program in Caracas called "Escuela de Beisbol Menor Víctor Davalillo" began operations.[citation needed]

See also

References

  1. ^ Fuenmayor, Asdrúbal (2006). Víctor Davalillo. Colección de Bolsillo Radio Deporte 1590 AM.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g González, Javier and Carlos Figueroa Ruiz (2019). Vitico al Bate. Biblioteca Digital Banesco.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Vic Davalillo Stats". Baseball-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. 2011. Retrieved February 8, 2011.
  4. ^ a b c d e Stann, Francis (December 1963). Vic Davalillo May Prove He Was '63's Top Rookie In '64. Baseball Digest. Century Publishing. Retrieved February 8, 2011.
  5. ^ Rumill, Ed (May 1964). A Three-Gear Base Runner. Baseball Digest. Century Publishing. Retrieved February 8, 2011.
  6. ^ a b c "www.netshrine.com". netshrine.com. Retrieved 8 February 2011.
  7. ^ a b c Tobin, Jack (August 28, 1972). "Brobdingnagian In Lilliput". SI.com. Sports illustrated. Retrieved February 8, 2011.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Vic Davalillo at the SABR Bio Project, by Rory Costello, retrieved October 25, 2011
  9. ^ a b c "Vic Davalillo at Baseball Cube". thebaseballcube.com. Retrieved 8 February 2011.
  10. ^ Rumill, Ed (September 1965). A Slap Champ?. Baseball Digest. Retrieved 8 February 2011.
  11. ^ a b c d e "Vic Davalillo Trades and Transactions". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved 8 February 2011.
  12. ^ "1962 International League Batting Leaders". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 8 February 2011.
  13. ^ "1963 Vic Davalillo batting log". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 7 February 2011.
  14. ^ "Persistent Peters Top Rookie". Sarasota Journal. Associated Press. 22 November 1963. p. 79. Retrieved 7 February 2011.
  15. ^ a b Schneider, Russell (2004). The Cleveland Indians Encyclopedia. ISBN 9781582618401. Retrieved 8 February 2011.
  16. ^ "Berra 'Knew' Year Ago". Reading Eagle. 25 October 1963. p. 22. Retrieved 8 February 2011.
  17. ^ "1964 American League Fielding Leaders". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 7 February 2011.
  18. ^ "1964 Gold Glove Award winners". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 7 February 2011.
  19. ^ "1965 All-Star Game". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 8 February 2011.
  20. ^ "AL Picks Bats In All-Star Vote". Schenectady Gazette. Associated Press. 1 July 1965. p. 31. Retrieved 6 February 2011.
  21. ^ "1965 American League Batting Leaders". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 8 February 2011.
  22. ^ August, Bob (August 1966). The Big Hole in the Platoon. Baseball Digest. Retrieved 8 February 2011.
  23. ^ "1967 Vic Davalillo batting splits". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 8 February 2011.
  24. ^ "1968 American League Batting Leaders". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 8 February 2011.
  25. ^ Vass, George (April 1969). How Big League Clubs Shape Up For 1969. Baseball Digest. Retrieved 8 February 2011.
  26. ^ "Cardinals, Dodgers And Pirates Explode Into June". St. Petersburg Times. Associated Press. 2 June 1969. p. 2. Retrieved 7 February 2011.
  27. ^ "1969 Vic Davalillo pitching log". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 8 February 2011.
  28. ^ "To Infinity And Beyond! » Baseball-Reference Blog » Blog Archive". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 19 Aug 2016.
  29. ^ "Pinch Hitter records". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved 8 February 2011.
  30. ^ Vass, George (November 2004). Pinch Hitting: Baseball's Toughest Job. Baseball Digest. Retrieved 9 February 2011.
  31. ^ Dunn, Bob (27 September 1976). The Super Supernumerary. Sports Illustrated. sportsillustrated.cnn.com. Retrieved 9 February 2011.
  32. ^ Beach, Jerry (June 1999). Hitting In A Pinch; Baseball's Most Difficult Job. Baseball Digest. Retrieved 9 February 2011.
  33. ^ "1971 Pittsburgh Pirates". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 8 February 2011.
  34. ^ "1973 Oakland Athletics". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 8 February 2011.
  35. ^ a b c "Vic Davalillo post-season batting statistics". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 8 February 2011.
  36. ^ "1973 American League Championship Series". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 8 February 2011.
  37. ^ "1973 American League Championship Series Game 5 box score". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 8 February 2011.
  38. ^ "1973 World Series". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 8 February 2011.
  39. ^ Fitzpatrick, Frank (2004). You Can't Lose 'Em All: The Year the Phillies Finally Won the World Series. ISBN 9781589790865. Retrieved 8 February 2011.
  40. ^ "Dodger Comeback Sinks Phils". Spokane Daily Chronicle. Associated Press. 8 October 1977. p. 12. Retrieved 8 February 2011.
  41. ^ "1977 National League Championship Series Game 3 box score". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 8 February 2011.
  42. ^ "1977 National League Championship Series". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 8 February 2011.
  43. ^ "1977 World Series". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 8 February 2011.
  44. ^ "1978 World Series". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 8 February 2011.
  45. ^ a b "Davalillo, 47, Still Going Strong". Los Angeles Times. United Press International. 8 February 1987. Retrieved 8 February 2011.
  46. ^ "Career Leaders & Records for Fielding Percentage as Center Fielder". Baseball Reference. Retrieved 8 February 2011.
  47. ^ Baseball with a Latin beat: a history of the Latin American game By Peter C. Bjarkman, McFarland, 1994 ISBN 0-89950-973-8 ISBN 978-0-89950-973-0
  48. ^ a b Bjarkman, Peter (2005). Diamonds around the globe: the encyclopedia of international baseball. ISBN 9780313322686. Retrieved 9 February 2011.