Vickers Vernon.jpg
Vernon of 70 Squadron RAF, powered by Rolls-Royce Eagle engines.
Role Transport
Manufacturer Vickers
Introduction 1921
Retired 1927
Primary user Royal Air Force
Number built 55
Developed from Vickers Vimy Commercial
Vickers Vernon on ground.jpg

The Vickers Vernon was a British biplane troop carrier[1] used by the Royal Air Force. It entered service in 1921, and was the first dedicated troop transport of the RAF.

The Vernon was a development of the Vickers Vimy Commercial, a passenger variant of the famous Vickers Vimy bomber, and was powered by twin Napier Lion engines or Rolls-Royce Eagle VIII engines.[1] 55 were built.

In February 1923, Vernons of Nos. 45 and 70 Squadrons RAF airlifted nearly 500 troops to Kirkuk, Iraq[2] after the civilian area of that town had been overrun by Kurdish forces. This was the first-ever[3] strategic airlift of troops.

Vernons of No. 45 Squadron had bomb racks and sights fitted.[4] In May 1924 the squadron was officially designated No. 45 (Bombing) Sqdn.[5]

Vernons were replaced by Vickers Victorias from 1927.


Vernon Mk I
military transport aircraft powered by two 360 hp (270 kW) V-12 Rolls-Royce Eagle VIII piston engines.
Vernon Mk II
military transport aircraft powered by two 450 hp (340 kW) W-12 Napier Lion II piston engines.
Vernon Mk III
military transport aircraft powered by two high compression 525 hp (391 kW) W-12 Napier Lion III piston engines.


 United Kingdom

Specifications (Vernon)

Data from Aircraft of the Royal Air Force[6]

General characteristics



See also

Related development

Related lists


  1. ^ a b Thetford 1962, p. 443
  2. ^ Wragg 1986, p. 13
  3. ^ Johnson & Cozens 1984, p. 38
  4. ^ Embry 1976, p. 34
  5. ^ Moyes 1964, p. 67
  6. ^ Thetford 1957, pp. 420–421
  7. ^ a b c Andrews & Morgan 1988, p. 104