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Victor/Victoria
Victor Victoria (1982 film).jpg
Theatrical release poster by John Alvin
Directed byBlake Edwards
Screenplay byBlake Edwards
Story byHans Hoemburg
Based onVictor and Victoria
by Reinhold Schünzel
Produced byTony Adams
Blake Edwards
Starring
CinematographyDick Bush
Edited byRalph E. Winters
Music bySongs:
Henry Mancini
Leslie Bricusse (lyrics)
Score:
Henry Mancini
Production
companies
Distributed byMGM/United Artists Distribution and Marketing (United States)
United International Pictures (international)
Release dates
  • March 16, 1982 (1982-03-16) (Filmex)
  • March 19, 1982 (1982-03-19) (US/Canada)
[1]
Running time
132 minutes
CountriesUnited Kingdom
United States
LanguageEnglish
Budget$15 million[2]
Box office$28.2 million

Victor/Victoria is a 1982 musical comedy film written and directed by Blake Edwards and starring Julie Andrews, James Garner, Robert Preston, Lesley Ann Warren, Alex Karras, and John Rhys-Davies. The film was produced by Tony Adams and scored by Henry Mancini, with lyrics by Leslie Bricusse. Released by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, it was adapted in 1995 as a Broadway musical. The film was nominated for seven Academy Awards and won the Academy Award for Best Original Score. It is a remake of the 1933 German film Victor and Victoria.

Plot

In 1934 Paris, Carroll "Toddy" Todd, an aging gay performer at Club Chez Lui in Paris, sees Labisse, the owner, auditioning frail and impoverished soprano, Victoria Grant. After her failed audition, Victoria returns to her hotel room to find herself about to be evicted, as she's unable to pay her rent. That night, when Richard, a hustler with whom Toddy is romantically involved, comes to Chez Lui as part of a straight foursome, Toddy incites a brawl resulting in major damages and the police locking up whomever they can get their hands on. Labisse fires Toddy and bans him from the club. Walking home, he spots Victoria in a restaurant. She invites him to join her. As neither of them can pay for the meal, she has a plan to dump a cockroach in her salad to avoid paying, but it escapes and mayhem ensues.

The duo runs through the rain to Toddy's, and he invites her to stay when she discovers the rain has shrunken and damaged her decrepit clothing. The next morning, Richard shows up to collect his things. Victoria, who is wearing his suit and hat, hides in Toddy's closet. When Richard opens the closet door, she punches him, breaking his nose before finally kicking him out. Seeing this, Toddy is struck with the inspiration of passing Victoria off as a man and presenting her to Andre Cassell, the most successful talent agent in Paris, as a female impersonator.

Cassell accepts her as Count Victor Grazinski, a gay Polish female impersonator and Toddy's new boyfriend. Cassell gets her a booking in a nightclub show and invites a collection of club owners to the opening. Among the guests is King Marchand, a Chicago gangster, and his ditzy blonde moll Norma Cassidy and burly bodyguard Mr. Bernstein, a.k.a. Squash. Victoria is an immediate hit, and King is smitten, but he is shocked when she "reveals" herself to be a man at the end of the act. King, however, is convinced that "Victor" is not a man.

After Norma violently attacks King during a quarrel, he sends her back to America. Determined to get the truth, King sneaks into Victoria and Toddy's suite and confirms his suspicion when he spies her getting into the bath. He invites Victoria, Toddy, and Cassell to Chez Lui. Another major fight breaks out. Squash and Toddy are both arrested, along with many of the club clientele, but King and Victoria manage to escape. King kisses Victoria, pretending that he does not care about Victoria's assumed gender.

Squash returns to the suite and catches King in bed with Victoria. King tries to explain, but then Squash reveals he himself is gay. Victoria and King argue over whether or not the relationship could work and Victoria discovers that King isn't really a gangster but someone who pretends to be in order to stay in the nightclub business, leading Victoria to point out that they're both pretending to be something they're not. Victoria returns to her room and finds Squash in bed with Toddy.

Meanwhile, Labisse hires a private investigator, Charles Bovin, to tail and investigate Victor. Victoria and King attempt to live together for a while, but keeping up her deception strains the relationship to the breaking point, and King ends it. Back in Chicago, Norma, still angry over being dumped, tells King's business partner Sal Andretti that King is having an affair with a man.

At the same time that Victoria has decided to give up the persona of Victor in order to be with King, Sal arrives and demands that King transfer his share of the business to Sal for a fraction of what it's actually worth. Squash tells Victoria what is happening, and she shows Norma that she is really a woman, saving King's stake. That night at the club, Cassell tells Toddy and Victoria that Labisse has lodged a police complaint against him and "Victor" for perpetrating a public fraud. After checking for himself, the inspector tells Labisse that the performer he saw in the room, after opening the door, is a man and that Labisse is an idiot.

In the end, Victoria joins King in the club as her real self. The announcer says that Victor is going to perform, but instead of Victoria, Toddy masquerades as "Victor". After an intentionally disastrous, but ultimately hilarious performance, Toddy claims that this is his last performance.

Cast

Musical numbers

The vocal numbers in the film are presented as nightclub acts, with choreography by Paddy Stone. However, the lyrics or situations of some of the songs are calculated to relate to the unfolding drama. Thus, the two staged numbers "Le Jazz Hot" and "The Shady Dame from Seville" help to present Victoria as a female impersonator. The latter number is later reinterpreted by Toddy for diversionary purposes in the plot, and the cozy relationship of Toddy and Victoria is promoted by the song "You and Me", which is sung before the audience at the nightclub.[3]

  1. "Gay Paree" – Toddy
  2. "Le Jazz Hot!" – Victoria
  3. "The Shady Dame from Seville" – Victoria
  4. "You and Me" – Toddy, Victoria
  5. "Chicago, Illinois" – Norma
  6. "Crazy World" – Victoria
  7. "Finale/Shady Dame from Seville (Reprise)" – Toddy

Occasionally, Victoria and Toddy sing "Home on the Range" when they are in the hotel.

Production

The film's screenplay was adapted by Blake Edwards (Andrews' husband) from the 1933 German film Viktor und Viktoria written and directed by Reinhold Schünzel from an original story treatment by Hans Hoemburg. According to Edwards, the screenplay took only one month to write. Julie Andrews watched the 1933 version to prepare for her role. The film had been planned as early as 1978 with Julie Andrews to star alongside Peter Sellers, but Sellers died in 1980 while Andrews and Blake Edwards were filming S.O.B. (1981), so Robert Preston was cast in the role of Toddy.

The costume worn by Julie Andrews in the number "The Shady Dame from Seville" is in fact the same costume worn by Robert Preston at the end of the film. It was made to fit Preston, and then, using a series of hooks and eyes at the back, it was drawn in tight to fit Andrews' shapely figure. Black silk ruffles were added to the bottom of the garment to hide the differences in height. The fabric is a black and brown crepe, with fine gold threads woven into it, that when lit appears to have an almost wet look about it.[4]

Release

Victor/Victoria was the opening night film at Filmex on March 16, 1982. It opened in New York, Los Angeles and Toronto on March 19, 1982.[1]

Reception

Critical response

On Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an approval rating of 97% based on 33 reviews, with an average rating of 8/10. The site's critical consensus reads, "Driven by a fantastic lead turn from Julie Andrews, Blake Edwards' musical gender-bender is sharp, funny and all-round entertaining."[5] On Metacritic, it has a score of 84 out of 100 based on reviews from 12 critics, indicating "universal acclaim".[6]

Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave it 3 out of 4 stars and wrote: "Not only a funny movie, but, unexpectedly, a warm and friendly one."[7] Todd McCarthy of Variety called it "sparkling, ultra-sophisticated entertainment from Blake Edwards."[8]

Accolades

Award[9][10] Category Nominee(s) Result
Academy Awards[11] Best Actress Julie Andrews Nominated
Best Supporting Actor Robert Preston Nominated
Best Supporting Actress Lesley Ann Warren Nominated
Best Screenplay – Based on Material from Another Medium Blake Edwards Nominated
Best Art Direction Rodger Maus, Tim Hutchinson, William Craig Smith and Harry Cordwell Nominated
Best Costume Design Patricia Norris Nominated
Best Original Song Score and Its Adaptation or Adaptation Score Henry Mancini and Leslie Bricusse Won
British Society of Cinematographers[12] Best Cinematography Dick Bush Nominated
César Awards Best Foreign Film Blake Edwards Won
David di Donatello Awards Best Foreign Film Nominated
Best Foreign Director Nominated
Best Foreign Screenplay Won
Best Foreign Actress Julie Andrews Won
Golden Globe Awards[13] Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy Nominated
Best Actress in a Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy Julie Andrews Won
Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture Robert Preston Nominated
Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture Lesley Ann Warren Nominated
Best Original Score – Motion Picture Henry Mancini Nominated
Golden Reel Awards Best Sound Editing – Foreign Feature – Dialogue Won
Grammy Awards[14] Best Album of Original Score Written for a Motion Picture or Television Special Victor/Victoria – Henry Mancini and Leslie Bricusse Nominated
Kansas City Film Critics Circle Awards[15] Best Actress Julie Andrews Won[a]
National Board of Review Awards[16] Best Supporting Actor Robert Preston Won
New York Film Critics Circle Awards[17] Best Supporting Actor Runner-up
Best Supporting Actress Lesley Ann Warren Nominated
Sant Jordi Awards Best Foreign Film Blake Edwards Won
Best Performance in a Foreign Film Julie Andrews Nominated
Robert Preston Won
Turkish Film Critics Association Awards Best Foreign Film 7th Place
Writers Guild of America Awards[18] Best Comedy Adapted from Another Medium Blake Edwards Won

In 2000, American Film Institute included the film in AFI's 100 Years...100 Laughs (#76).[19]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Tied with Meryl Streep for Sophie's Choice.

References

  1. ^ a b Victor/Victoria at the American Film Institute Catalog
  2. ^ Moses, Antoinette (Fall 1982). "British Production 1981". Sight & Sound. Vol. 51, no. 4. p. 258. ISSN 0037-4806.
  3. ^ "Victor/Victoria". AllMovie. Retrieved 2 January 2009.
  4. ^ Stirling, Richard (2008). Julie Andrews: An Intimate Biography. Macmillan. pp. 272. ISBN 978-0-312-38025-0.
  5. ^ "Victor/Victoria". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango. Retrieved October 6, 2021. Edit this at Wikidata
  6. ^ "Victor Victoria". Metacritic.
  7. ^ Ebert, Roger (October 23, 2004). "Victor/Victoria movie review & film summary (1982)". Chicago Sun-Times.
  8. ^ McCarthy, Todd (March 17, 1982). "Film Reviews: Victor/Victoria". Variety.
  9. ^ "NY Times: Victor/Victoria". Movies & TV Dept. The New York Times. 2010. Archived from the original on 2010-11-17. Retrieved 2009-01-01.
  10. ^ Oldham, Gabriella (2017). Blake Edwards: Interviews. University Press of Mississippi. ISBN 9781496815675. Retrieved March 3, 2020.
  11. ^ "The 55th Academy Awards (1983) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Archived from the original on 2012-09-05. Retrieved 2011-10-09.
  12. ^ "Best Cinematography in Feature Film" (PDF). Retrieved June 3, 2021.
  13. ^ "Victor/Victoria – Golden Globes". HFPA. Retrieved August 13, 2021.
  14. ^ "1982 Grammy Award Winners". Grammy.com. Archived from the original on July 28, 2013. Retrieved May 30, 2013.
  15. ^ "KCFCC Award Winners – 1980-89". kcfcc.org. December 14, 2013. Retrieved May 15, 2021.
  16. ^ "1982 Award Winners". National Board of Review. Retrieved August 13, 2021.
  17. ^ "1982 New York Film Critics Circle Awards". Mubi. Retrieved August 13, 2021.
  18. ^ "Awards Winners". wga.org. Writers Guild of America. Archived from the original on 2012-12-05. Retrieved 2010-06-06.
  19. ^ "AFI's 100 Years...100 Laughs" (PDF). American Film Institute. 2002. Retrieved 21 August 2016.