|Component intervals from root|
|Forte no. / |
|3-5 / |
In music theory, a Viennese trichord (also Viennese fourth chord and tritone-fourth chord), named for the Second Viennese School, is a pitch set with prime form (0,1,6). Its Forte number is 3-5. The sets C–D♭–G♭ and C–F♯–G are both examples of Viennese trichords, though they may be voiced in many ways.
According to Henry Martin, "[c]omposers such as Webern ... are partial to 016 trichords, given their 'more dissonant' inclusion of ics 1 and 6."
In jazz and popular music, the chord formed by the inversion of the set usually has a dominant function, being the third, seventh, and added sixth/thirteenth of a dominant chord with elided root (and fifth, see jazz chord).