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Ngọ Môn - Huế royal architecture in the Nguyễn Dynasty
Ngọ Môn - Huế royal architecture in the Nguyễn Dynasty

Vietnamese architecture (Vietnamese: Kiến trúc Việt Nam) is the construction and decoration style of the Vietnamese people through the process of historical development and the absorption and integration of regional and international architectures. Vietnamese-style architecture is formed according to the needs of living, sheltering from the sun and rain, and a place to return to after work. Vietnamese architecture is reflected in the works from communal houses, shrines, pagodas, temples, family churches, citadels, palaces and housing architecture.

The architecture of the Hanoi citadel gate in the Nguyễn Dynasty, with a stone pedestal from the Thăng Long Imperial Citadel of the Revival Lê period
The architecture of the Hanoi citadel gate in the Nguyễn Dynasty, with a stone pedestal from the Thăng Long Imperial Citadel of the Revival Lê period
Thượng Tứ gate
Thượng Tứ gate

Ancient times

Ancient architecture of the Vietnamese before the influence of China: Life develops, people know how to build cottages to live in and high floors to avoid wild animals. Construction materials are wood and bamboo. They described their life on through bronze drum. According to the picture, there are 2 types of houses with roofs curved up like a boat and roofs curved down like turtle shells. In the 2nd century BC, An Dương Vương built the Cổ Loa citadel with a spiral shape and was the first citadel architecture of the Vietnamese.

Feudalism time

Traditional house in the North of Vietnam
Traditional house in the North of Vietnam
Traditional house in the South of Vietnam
Traditional house in the South of Vietnam

Vietnamese architecture has imported influences from China, during this period Vietnamese architecture was influenced by Buddhist architecture.[1]

Modern time

The stupa in Giác Viên pagoda is an expression of the absorption and integration in Vietnamese architecture
The stupa in Giác Viên pagoda is an expression of the absorption and integration in Vietnamese architecture

Modern architecture of the Vietnamese people has been influenced by the West clearly, and at the same time, there has been the absorption and fusion of East-West architecture with its own identity to shape the architecture as it is today.

See also

References

  1. ^ Vuong, Quan-Hoang; Bui, Quang-Khiem; La, Viet-Phuong; Vuong, Thu-Trang; Ho, Manh-Toan; Nguyen, Hong-Kong T.; Nguyen, Hong-Ngoc; Nghiem, Kien-Cuong P.; Ho, Manh-Tung (2019-01-01). "Cultural evolution in Vietnam's early 20th century: A Bayesian networks analysis of Hanoi Franco-Chinese house designs". Social Sciences & Humanities Open. 1 (1): 100001. doi:10.1016/j.ssaho.2019.100001. ISSN 2590-2911.