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Viewpark

St Columba's Roman Catholic Church
Map of Viewpark
Viewpark
Map of Viewpark
Viewpark
Location within Scotland
Map of Viewpark
Viewpark
Viewpark (Scotland)
Population15,770 (mid-2016 est.)[1]
• Density767.5/sq mi (1988/km2)
OS grid referenceNS712612
• Edinburgh35 mi (56 km)
Community council
Lieutenancy area
CountryScotland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townGLASGOW
Postcode districtG71
Dialling code01698
PoliceScotland
FireScottish
AmbulanceScottish
UK Parliament
Scottish Parliament
CouncillorsRobert Burrows - Scottish Labour
Norah Mooney - Scottish Labour
1 vacant seat
List of places
UK
Scotland
55°49′52″N 4°03′15″W / 55.8311°N 4.0542°W / 55.8311; -4.0542Coordinates: 55°49′52″N 4°03′15″W / 55.8311°N 4.0542°W / 55.8311; -4.0542

Viewpark is an area in North Lanarkshire, Scotland. Situated immediately north-east of Uddingston (but on the other side of the M74 motorway), Viewpark is two kilometres (1+14 miles) west of Bellshill. It has an estimated population of 13,916 in 2016, a figure which also includes the smaller adjoining neighbourhoods of Birkenshaw, Bellziehill, Calderbraes, Fallside and Tannochside under the Thorniewood ward of the local council.[2]

History

Viewpark takes its name from a rural estate of that name,[3][4] located just off New Edinburgh Road (today part of the A721, which dates from the early 19th century and is thus 'new' only by comparison to Old Edinburgh Road which runs parallel further north), near to which was the Viewpark Colliery, one of several mines dug in the area between Uddingston, Bellshill and the North Calder Water including Rosehall, Tannochside and Bredisholm, each of which had several pits.[5] The workers were housed in scattered hamlets of miners' row cottages at Aitkenhead/Nackerty, Thorniewood, Tannochside, Muirpark and Cockhill,[6] while other mansions in the area included Thornwood House (the site of which was north of Lynnhurst), St Enoch's Hall[7] (near Banyan Crescent today) and Fallside House (today at Quarrybrae Gardens), the latter of which had a railway station on the Clydesdale Junction Railway from the 1870s to the 1950s[8] (this line and the Caledonian main line, a short distance to the north, are both still in use to day, although there is no local station). A section of Roman road was found in the grounds of Fallside House in 1952.[9] Other local industries included a brickworks and an oilworks.[10][11]

Viewpark House mansion had a varied history: built in the 1830s to a design by noted architect John Baird,[3] from the 1850s to the 1900s it was the home of the Addie family who controlled the local mines, who extended the estate to the limits of what would become the housing development,[4] it then became a women's refuge, housed Belgian refugees of World War I and afterwards was divided into small individual apartments.[4] The house, like others in the area, was demolished in the 1950s, but its grounds - Viewpark Gardens[12] - are still present and used by the community as a park, allotments area[13] and walled flower garden including a greenhouse, popular for wedding photography due to its backdrop of flora and original brickwork features.[14][4] The gardens contained a group of life-sized sculptures, of which only two remain: Hercules and Athena. They were inspired by Aesop's fables and may be the work of Robert Forrest, whose sculpture was collected by another wealthy Lanarkshire coal merchant, Sir James Watson, for his estate at Earnock.[15]

The post-World War II development was originally built to house miners and was erected quickly. Construction work on "The Scheme" began in the late late 1940s with houses built in the area of Rowantree Avenue occupied around 1950, supplementing housing built adjacent and parallel to the "Top Road" (Old Edinburgh Road) where the local police station (the siren for which continued to sound practice air raid warnings into the 1960s) could be found, alongside the local football ground and opposite The Royal Oak Bar. Dominic's Shop (now long closed) alongside "The Lane" allowed quick access to the adjoining community and the local swing park on Douglas Street - named for the association with the Douglas Support estate the houses were built upon.

By 1956 the main thoroughfare in northern Viewpark, Laburnum Road, often referred to as "The Burma Road" in reference to its length, was well underway in its construction - most homes built off it were occupied by the early 1960s. Also in 1956, the local council set up what has now become Burnhead Bowling Club, along with an adjacent tennis court. A new church, Burnhead Parish Churchwas built at the eastern end of Laburnum Road opposite its junction with Burnhead Street.[16] The other church in the area situated on Old Edinburgh Road is named Viewpark Parish Church (formed in 1933 from a union between the small Thornwood, Aitkenhead and Bothwellpark miners' churches) but would usually be considered to be in Tannochside rather than Viewpark.[17]

A shopping complex was added in the centre of the new housing, aptly located in Market Place just off Burnhead Street, opposite the old rose gardens (now long gone, replaced by the Burnhead Community Centre, Viewpark Library, Liber8 sports complex and Viewpark Health Centre). Immediately behind this cluster of amenities is the Gala Day Park (Viewpark is one of the few villages in North Lanarkshire still to hold a Gala day each summer)[18] where the local Miners Welfare club would organise their annual MayDay celebration where each child was presented with a box of Tunnock's cakes and fancies after competing in games and races.

The arrival of industries such as Ranco Motors[19] and the Caterpillar Tractor Company (which opened its doors in 1957) created growth in the population, in combination with an influx of displaced families into the Viewpark area from the demolition of the miners' homes called "The Raws" in Tannochside, to release land for the erection of the Caterpillar factory. A similar fate befell the Miners' Rows at Cockhill, located due east of Laburnum Road; that land was utilised as a football field, along with an area of shops on the north side of Old Edinburgh Road. Kerr's Farm at Cockhill also disappeared and that land, which extended between Laburnum Road and the new A725 bypass road, was used to create Righead Industrial Estate which today separates Viewpark from Bellshill.

While the manufacturing industries moving to the area offset the decline of local mining, by 1973 Ranco had closed with the loss of over 400 jobs,[20] and Caterpillar followed in 1987, with the abrupt announcement met with fury by the workforce (at that time 1,200, down from a peak of 2,700 in the 1960s) who staged a sit-in occupation at the factory lasting over 100 days, which ultimately did not save their jobs but at least secured improved redundancy terms.[21] One of the strike leaders later became a prominent local councillor. 30 years later, the rebuilding of Tannochside Primary School, located next to where the factory had been, freed land for a small housing development which includes street names relating to Caterpillar and the protest.[22] In addition to Righead Industrial Estate which contains several regional distribution centres for nationwide firms, there is still some local employment at the large Tannochside Business Park off Aitkenhead Road[23][24] and at the Smurfit Kappa packaging factory, on Old Edinburgh Road in Tannochside.[25] This commercial interest in the area is largely connected to the proximity of the M74 and M8 motorways connecting to the rest of Scotland easily, and this is also a significant factor in the growth of the local population in the early-21st century, following a period of economic struggles in the wake of the closure of Caterpillar and the likes of Ravenscraig steelworks. The former industrial sites[26] have been built upon with new houses (mostly in Tannochside, while the built fabric of housing in Viewpark itself has remained largely the same apart from cosmetic improvements), with many of the residents commuting to Glasgow and elsewhere by car.

Viewpark Glen/Douglas Support Estate

Located to the north of the older housing within Viewpark is an area of woodland known locally as the "Viewpark Glen"[27][28][29] but officially the Douglas Support Estate[30][31][32] which historically extended across Uddingston, Bothwell, Hamilton, Coatbridge and Motherwell. Within the Glen lie the overgrown grounds of the grand Rosehall House (demolished 1939),[30][33] Roman ruins such as a bridge over the North Calder Water, as well as tombs dating back centuries further.[34]

In 2019, in view of its cultural and environmental importance, the local conservation group successfully applied for a £400,000 grant to purchase the undeveloped parts of the estate to preserve and enhance it for community recreational purposes[35] (some land to the north had been lost a few years earlier as part of the M8 motorway upgrade programme, while the construction of Strathclyde Business Park[36] to the east had also encroached on the land and locals were aware of plans by the landowners to sell off the remainder to developers.[37]

Education

St Columba's Primary School was on Old Edinburgh Road. The original wooden structure was demolished after fire damage in the early 1960s. The replacement school building has since been knocked down and replaced by private housing.

St Catherine's Junior Secondary was built at the corner of Laburnum Road and New Edinburgh Road. It opened in the late 1960s after campaigning by local activists whose children had previously had to travel to Uddingston or Motherwell for secondary education.

St John Paul II Primary school, which sits on the corner of Laburnum Road and Old Edinburgh Road,[38] was created as a result of the amalgamation of St Columba's and St Gabriel's primary schools in May 2006.[39]

Tannochside Primary School and Nursery Class was opened on 23 August 2006 as the amalgamation of the old Tannochside Primary and Burnhead Primary and is situated on Douglas Street, at the end of Burnhead Street.

Fallside Secondary School is a small facility (housed in a building dating from 1911) for pupils with special educational and behavioural needs.[40]

Sport

Thorniewood United, a Scottish Junior Football Association club playing in the West Region, is based in the area at Robertson Park just off Old Edinburgh Road. Other local amateur football clubs include Viewpark United, playing in the Airdrie & Coatbridge Sunday AFL Premier Division, and Calderbraes FC.

Viewpark Boxing Club was founded in 2004, run by the Murphy family, locally-successful fighters (including Lawrence Murphy, a former WBU Middleweight Champion). The club is based at Burnhead Community Centre and other local facilities in the area.[41]

Notable people

Jimmy Johnstone statue and memorial garden on Old Edinburgh Road, opened in 2011
Jimmy Johnstone statue and memorial garden on Old Edinburgh Road, opened in 2011
Photograph of John Robertson c.1980
Photograph of John Robertson c.1980

References

  1. ^ "Mid-2016 Population Estimates for Settlements and Localities in Scotland". National Records of Scotland. 12 March 2018. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
  2. ^ "North Lanarkshire Electoral Ward - Thorniewood - Ward 14". Scottish Government Statistics Website. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
  3. ^ a b Viewpark House, Canmore
  4. ^ a b c d Viewpark House and Gardens, Viewpark Conservation Group
  5. ^ Bothwell Parish, Scottish Mining Website
  6. ^ Housing Conditions of Miners 1910: Bothwell Parish, Scottish Mining Website
  7. ^ Viewpark, St Enoch's Hall, Canmore
  8. ^ Fallside, RailScot
  9. ^ Fallside House (Roman Road), Canmore
  10. ^ Bredisholm Oil Works, Museum of the Scottish Shale Oil Industry
  11. ^ Rosehall Brickworks, Canmore
  12. ^ Public meeting called to Save Viewpark Gardens, Motherwell Times, 15 May 2019
  13. ^ Home, Viewpark Gardens Allotments & Community Gardens
  14. ^ Viewpark Gardens, VisitLanarkshire
  15. ^ Robert Forrest, sculptor 1789-1852, Joe Rock's Research Pages
  16. ^ Welcome, Uddingston Burnhead Parish Church
  17. ^ History, Viewpark Parish Church
  18. ^ Queen Stephanie rules at Viewpark Gala, Motherwell Times, 17 June 2015
  19. ^ Ranco, Grace's Guide to British Industrial History
  20. ^ Ranco Motors Limited, Tannochside (House of Commons debate), Hansard, 10 July 1973
  21. ^ 30 years on: Anniversary of the Caterpillar factory sit-in that lasted 103 days, Daily Record, 14 February 2017
  22. ^ Uddingston factory's struggle lives on with new street names at housing development, Daily Record, 7 February 2017
  23. ^ Location, Tannochside Business Park
  24. ^ Significant investment in Tannochside Site, Macphie, 14 May 2019
  25. ^ Smurfit Kappa Tannochside, Smurfit Kappa
  26. ^ Aerial view (Tannochside 1990), Canmore
  27. ^ "Archaeological Site Distribution Maps from ARCHI UK". ARCHI UK. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
  28. ^ Viewpark Glen, Woodland Trust
  29. ^ In pictures: Wildlife at Viewpark Glen, Uddingston, Daily Record, 26 March 2014
  30. ^ a b Douglas Support, formerly Rosehall, The Douglas Archives
  31. ^ Kirkshaws, Douglas Support Estate, Canmore
  32. ^ History: 1903 description, Viewpark Conservation Group
  33. ^ Douglas Support, Canmore
  34. ^ Callaghan, Carla (17 March 2014). "In pictures: Kids and their families protest to save Viewpark Glen".
  35. ^ Future of Viewpark Glen is secured, Motherwell Times, 11 June 2019
  36. ^ The Park, Strathclyde Business Park
  37. ^ Viewpark residents fear for the future of Douglas Support Estate area, Daily Record, 6 August 2017
  38. ^ Contact Details, St John Paul II Primary and Nursery Class
  39. ^ St John Paul II Primary, North Lanarkshire Council
  40. ^ Fallside Secondary School, North Lanarkshire Council
  41. ^ Home, Viewpark Boxing Club
  42. ^ Margaret Douglas, Duchess of Douglas, The Douglas Archives; accessed 31 August 2010
  43. ^ Brigadier General Sir Thomas Monteath Douglas, The Douglas Archives
  44. ^ "Viewpark honours football hero Jimmy Johnstone". Daily Record. Glasgow. 17 August 2011. Retrieved 4 January 2018.
  45. ^ "Nottingham Forest top 5 players of all-time: John Robertson simply the best". Nottinghamshire Live. Local World. 4 August 2018.
  46. ^ Galloway, James (7 October 2013). "Reeling them in" (PDF). The Business Herald. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 October 2013. Retrieved 28 July 2017.
  47. ^ "C McSherry - Wild Wolf Publishing". www.wildwolfpublishing.com.
  48. ^ "Charles McSHERRY".