Villiers-le-Bel
City hall
Location (in red) within Paris inner and outer suburbs
Location of Villiers-le-Bel
Villiers-le-Bel
Villiers-le-Bel
Location (in red) within Paris inner and outer suburbs
Villiers-le-Bel
Villiers-le-Bel
Villiers-le-Bel (Île-de-France (region))
Coordinates: 49°00′34″N 2°23′28″E / 49.0094°N 2.3911°E / 49.0094; 2.3911Coordinates: 49°00′34″N 2°23′28″E / 49.0094°N 2.3911°E / 49.0094; 2.3911
CountryFrance
RegionÎle-de-France
DepartmentVal-d'Oise
ArrondissementSarcelles
CantonVilliers-le-Bel
IntercommunalityCA Roissy Pays de France
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Jean-Louis Marsac
Area
1
7.3 km2 (2.8 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018)[1]
28,041
 • Density3,800/km2 (9,900/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
95680 /95400
Elevation64–147 m (210–482 ft)
(avg. 75 m or 246 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Villiers-le-Bel is a commune in the French department of Val-d'Oise, in the northern suburbs of Paris. It is located 17.4 km (10.8 mi) from the center of Paris.

History

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (September 2016)

A tragedy occurred in the town in the early evening of March 25, 1818, when a cracked 6,000 pound (2721 kg) bell being removed from a belfry came crashing down, killing approximately 25 onlookers. Workers who remained hanging from collapsed steeple were able to be rescued.[2][3][4][5]

In the 1950s the commune had about 5,000 residents but it urbanized from 1950 to 1974. As of 2007 the commune had 26,000 people.[6]

In 2007 the mayor at the time, François Pupponi, stated that the city became a "social ghetto" suffered from planning errors made in the 1950s, as the community did not gain the businesses necessary to support the population.[6] Jean-Louis Marsac, the first deputy mayor, stated that the commune grew without gaining the proper infrastructure.[6]

Transport

The Paris Métro, RER, serves through the Villiers-le-Bel - Gonesse - Arnouville station on Paris RER line D. However, this station is located in the neighboring commune of Arnouville-lès-Gonesse, 2.5 km (1.6 mi) from the town center of Villiers-le-Bel.

Population

As of 2017 47% of the commune's population was under the age of 30.[7]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 1,633—    
1800 1,350−2.68%
1806 1,325−0.31%
1821 1,178−0.78%
1831 1,209+0.26%
1836 1,322+1.80%
1841 1,883+7.33%
1846 1,979+1.00%
1851 1,934−0.46%
1856 1,951+0.18%
1861 2,132+1.79%
1866 2,107−0.24%
1872 1,735−3.19%
1876 1,968+3.20%
1881 2,016+0.48%
1886 1,968−0.48%
1891 1,649−3.48%
1896 1,644−0.06%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 1,723+0.94%
1906 1,718−0.06%
1911 1,845+1.44%
1921 2,377+2.57%
1926 3,324+6.94%
1931 4,389+5.72%
1936 4,351−0.17%
1946 4,209−0.33%
1954 4,852+1.79%
1962 12,797+12.89%
1968 19,119+6.92%
1975 21,876+1.94%
1982 24,808+1.81%
1990 26,110+0.64%
1999 26,145+0.01%
2007 27,091+0.45%
2012 27,496+0.30%
2017 27,676+0.13%
Source: EHESS[8] and INSEE (1968-2017)[7]

Economy

As of 2007 Charles de Gaulle International Airport is the primary employer of the area. Within Villiers-le-Bel itself the largest employers were the Charles-Richet Hospital, the Flopak conditioning company, Gilson medical material company, and public services.[6]

Education

The commune has 30 educational institutions, including 11 preschools and 11 elementary schools along with four junior high schools and a vocational high school.[9] As of 2007 the commune does not have its own general high school/sixth-form college.[6]

Two nearby senior high schools are in Sarcelles, Lycée la tourelle and Lycée Jean Jacques Rousseau.[9] Students attending general high school studies go to J. J. Rousseau.[6]

Area universities:[10]

Neighboring communes

2007 riots

Main article: 2007 Villiers-le-Bel riots

On the night of 25 November 2007, gangs attacked a police station in Villiers-le-Bel, torched cars, and vandalized stores. The violence was prompted by the deaths of two adolescents after a crash between their motorbike and a police patrol car at an intersection. The disturbances spread to neighbouring towns on the night of 26 November. 82 police officers were injured, four of them seriously, by shotgun blasts. [11]

Personalities

See also

References

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2018". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 28 December 2020.
  2. ^ Annual Register, 1818, p. 52 (Baldwin, Cradock, and Joy, pubs., London, 1819)
  3. ^ (9 June 1818). Foreign, The Reflector (Milledgeville, Georgia), p. 2 col. 3, near bottom
  4. ^ (29 March 1818). France, Journal des débats, p. 1, col. 2 (in French)
  5. ^ (31 March 1818). Paris, 31 mars, Journal de Paris, p.1 (seems to report that death toll was 19 and not 25)
  6. ^ a b c d e f Ternisien, Xavier (2007-11-29). "Villiers-le-Bel, radioscopie d'un "ghetto social"". Le Monde. Archived from the original on 2016-09-09. Retrieved 2016-09-09.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link) () ""Nous avons grandi à la vitesse d'une ville nouvelle, souligne Jean-Louis Marsac (PS), premier adjoint au maire." and "Pour François Pupponi, maire (PS) de Sarcelles,[...] privait la commune de taxe professionnelle.""
  7. ^ a b Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  8. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Villiers-le-Bel, EHESS. (in French)
  9. ^ a b "Les écoles à Villiers-le-Bel." Villiers-le-Bel. Retrieved on September 3, 2016.
  10. ^ "Enseignement supérieur : Universités." Villiers-le-Bel. Retrieved on September 3, 2016.
  11. ^ Ariane Bernard, International Herald Tribune. "Second night of violence in Paris suburb". Retrieved 2007-11-26.