The Vimānārcanākalpa is a 10th to 11th century text on Hatha yoga, attributed to the sage Marichi.
The Vimanarcanakalpa is a 10th to 11th century prose text on Hatha yoga, attributed to the sage Marichi. It states that yoga is the union of the individual with the supreme self.
It is one of the earliest texts to describe a non-seated asana and to call such postures asanas (the term originally and literally meaning a seat), namely Mayurasana the peacock pose. In chapter 96 it describes nine asanas in all (Brahmasana, Svastikasana, Padmasana, Gomukhasana, Simhasana, Muktasana, Virasana,[a] Bhadrasana, and Mayurasana), some 500 years before the Hatha Yoga Pradipika. Its account of Mayurasana, in James Mallinson's translation, is:
Fix the palms of the hands on the floor, place the elbows on either side of the navel, raise the head and feet and remain in the air like a staff. This is the peacock posture.
The text teaches a method of pratyahara, withdrawal using the breath, which is raised through 18 stages called marmans, vital points.
The Vimanarcanakalpa describes other topics, such as the practice of burying sacred bronze objects to protect them in times of trouble.
he Vimanarcanakalpa, (Marici text) published in Madras, 1926, Chapter 70, pp. 435-439, gives in detail the process of concealing metal images in times of emergency and restoring them to worship. The chapter is titled Bhaya-raksartham Niskrtih.