Govind Vinayak Karandikar
Born(1918-08-23)23 August 1918
Dhalavali, Bombay Province, British India
Died14 March 2010(2010-03-14) (aged 91)
Mumbai, India
  • Writer
  • poet
  • essayist
  • critic
SpouseSumati Karandikar

Govind Vinayak Karandikar (23 August 1918[1] – 14 March 2010), better known as Vindā, was an Indian poet, writer, literary critic, and translator in the Marathi-language.

Early life

Karandikar was born on 23 August 1918, in Dhalavali village in the Devgad taluka present-day Sindhudurg district of Maharashtra.


Karandikar's poetic works include Svedgangā (River of Sweat) (1949), Mrudgandha (1954), Dhrupad (1959), Jātak (1968), and Virupika (1980). [2] Two anthologies of his selected poems, Sanhita (1975) and Adimaya (1990) were also published. His poetic works for children include Rānichā Bāg (1961), Sashyāche Kān (1963), and Pari Ga Pari (1965). Experimentation has been a feature of Karandikar's Marathi poems. He also translated his own poems in English, which were published as "Vinda Poems" (1975). He also modernized old Marathi literature like Dnyaneshwari and Amrutānubhawa.

Besides having been a prominent Marathi poet, Karandikar has contributed to Marathi literature as an essayist, a critic, and a translator. He translated Poetics of Aristotle and King Lear of Shakespeare in Marathi. Karandikar's collections of short essays include Sparshaachi Palvi (1958) and Akashacha Arth (1965). Parampara ani Navata (1967), is a collection of his analytical reviews.[3]

The trio of poets Vasant Bapat, Vinda Karandikar and Mangesh Padgaonkar provided for many years public recitals of their poetry in different towns in Maharashtra. Along with Vasant Bapat and Padgaonkar, Karandikar travelled across Maharashtra in the 1960s and 1970s reciting poetry.[4] Karandikar was also a member of a Marathi literary group called "Murgi club", loosely fashioned after the Algonquin Round Table. In addition to Karandikar, it included Vasant Bapat, Mangesh Padgaonkar, Gangadhar Gadgil, Sadanand Rege and Shri Pu Bhagwat. They met every month for several years to eat together, engaging each other in wordplay and literary jokes.[5]


Karandikar was conferred the 39th Jnanpith Award in 2006, which is the highest literary award in India.[6] He was the third Marathi writer to win the Jnanpith Award, after Vishnu Sakharam Khandekar (1974) and Vishnü Vāman Shirwādkar (Kusumagraj) (1987). Karandikar also received some other awards for his literary work including the Keshavasut Prize, the Soviet Land Nehru Literary Award, the Kabir Samman, and the Sahitya Akademi Fellowship in 1996.[7]


Vinda Karandikar died on 14 March 2010 at the age of 91 in Mumbai following a brief illness.[8][9]


  1. ^ Gokhale, Meena (19 August 2018). "बहुरूपी विंदा". Loksatta (in Marathi). Retrieved 16 April 2019.
  2. ^ "'Study of human, nature reflected in Vinda's poetry'". The Times of India. 3 August 2018. Retrieved 16 April 2019.
  3. ^ "Marathi Poet Govind Vinayak Passes Away". Mumbai: Outlook. 14 March 2010. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 15 March 2010.
  4. ^ "Arun Date, Mangesh Padgaonkar to perform at KA". Navhind Times. 24 April 2010. Archived from the original on 3 March 2012. Retrieved 7 September 2012.
  5. ^ Loksatta. "माझा विक्षिप्त मित्र". लोकसत्ता लोकरंग. Loksatta Newspaper. Retrieved 31 December 2015.
  6. ^ "Marathi litterateur Karandikar conferred Jnanpith". Indian Express. 11 August 2006.
  7. ^ Fellowships Archived 30 June 2007 at the Wayback Machine Sahitya Akademi Official website.
  8. ^ Poet Vinda Karandikar, Jnanpith winner, dies at 92
  9. ^ Marathi poet Vinda Karandikar passes away

Further reading