An Albanian passport with biometric chip.
An Albanian passport with biometric chip.

Visa requirements for Albanian citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other nations placed on citizens of Albania.

As of 5 April 2022, Albanian citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 114 countries and territories, ranking the Albanian passport 51st in terms of travel freedom according to the Henley Passport Index.[1]

Visa requirements map

Visa requirements for Albanian citizens.mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}  Albania🟦 Freedom of Movement    Visa free access  Visa on arrival  eVisa  Visa available both on arrival or online  Visa required
Visa requirements for Albanian citizens
  Albania
🟦 Freedom of Movement
  Visa free access
  Visa on arrival
  eVisa
  Visa available both on arrival or online
  Visa required

Visa requirements

Country Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Afghanistan Visa required[2]
 Algeria Visa required[3]
 Andorra Visa not required[4] 90 days
 Angola Visa required[5]
 Antigua and Barbuda Visa not required[6] 180 days
 Argentina Visa required[7]
 Armenia Visa not required 180 days within 1 year
 Australia Visa required[8]
  • May apply online (Online Visitor e600 visa).[9]
 Austria Visa not required[10] 90 days
 Azerbaijan eVisa[11] 30 days[12]
 Bahamas Visa required[13]
 Bahrain Visa required[14]
 Bangladesh Visa on arrival[15] 30 days
 Barbados Visa not required[16] 28 days
 Belarus Visa not required[17] 30 days
 Belgium Visa not required[18] 90 days
 Belize Visa required[19]
 Benin eVisa / Visa on arrival[20][21] 30 days / 8 days
  • Must have an international vaccination certificate.
 Bhutan Visa required[22]
 Bolivia Visa on arrival[23] 90 days
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Visa not required[24] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 6-month period
  • ID card valid
 Botswana Visa required[25]
 Brazil Visa not required[26] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Brunei Visa required[27]
 Bulgaria Visa not required[28] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period[Note 1]
 Burkina Faso Visa required[29]
 Burundi Visa required[30][31]
 Cambodia eVisa / Visa on arrival[32] 30 days
  • Visa is also obtainable online.[33]
 Cameroon Visa required[34]
 Canada Visa required[35]
 Cape Verde Visa on arrival[36]
 Central African Republic Visa required[37]
 Chad Visa required[38]
 Chile Visa not required[39] 90 days
 China Visa required[40]
 Colombia Visa not required[43][44]
 Comoros Visa on arrival[45]
 Republic of the Congo Visa required[46]
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Visa required[47]
 Costa Rica Visa required[48]
 Côte d'Ivoire eVisa[49]
 Croatia Visa not required[50] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period[Note 1]
 Cuba Tourist Card required[51]
 Cyprus Visa not required[52] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period[Note 1]
 Czech Republic Visa not required[53] 90 days
 Denmark Visa not required[54] 90 days
 Djibouti eVisa[55] 31 days
 Dominica Visa not required[56] 21 days
 Dominican Republic Visa not required[57] 90 days
 Ecuador Visa not required[58] 90 days
 Egypt eVisa[59][60] 30 days
 El Salvador Visa not required[61] 3 months
 Equatorial Guinea Visa required[62]
 Eritrea Visa required[63]
 Estonia Visa not required[64] 90 days
 Eswatini Visa required[65]
 Ethiopia eVisa[66] up to 90 days
 Fiji Visa required[67]
 Finland Visa not required[68] 90 days
 France Visa not required[69] 90 days
 Gabon eVisa[70]
 Gambia Visa not required[71] 90 days
 Georgia Visa not required[72] 1 year
 Germany Visa not required[73] 90 days
 Ghana Visa required[74]
  • Pre-approved visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Greece Visa not required[75] 90 days
 Grenada Visa required[76]
 Guatemala Visa required[77]
 Guinea eVisa[78] 90 days
 Guinea-Bissau eVisa / Visa on arrival[79] 90 days
 Guyana Visa not required[80] 90 days
 Haiti Visa not required[81] 3 months
 Honduras Visa required[82]
 Hungary Visa not required[83] 90 days
 Iceland Visa not required[84] 90 days
 India e-Visa[85] 60 days
  • e-Visa holders must arrive via 26 designated airports[Note 2] or 3 designated seaports.[Note 3][86]
  • An Indian e-Tourist Visa can only be obtained twice in one calendar year.
 Indonesia Visa not required[87][88] 30 days
 Iran eVisa/Visa on arrival[89] 30 days[90]
 Iraq Visa required[91]
 Ireland Visa required[92]
 Israel Visa not required[93] 90 days
 Italy Visa not required[94] 90 days
 Jamaica Visa on arrival[95] 90 days
 Japan Visa required[96]
 Jordan Visa required[97]
 Kazakhstan Visa required[98]
 Kenya eVisa / Visa on arrival[99] 3 months
 Kiribati Visa required[100]
 North Korea Visa required[101]
 South Korea Visa not required[102] 30 days
 Kuwait Visa required[103]
 Kyrgyzstan eVisa / Visa on arrival[104] 1 month
 Laos eVisa / Visa on arrival[106][107] 30 days
  • Visa on arrival is available at Luangphabang, Pakse, Savannakhet and Vientiane international airports, the 4 Thai-Lao Friendship Bridges,[Note 4] 13 border crossings,[Note 5] and Tanalaeng train station in Vientiane.[108] Visa on arrival facilities will be gradually phased out starting in January 2020.[109]
  • eVisa may be used to enter Laos through Wattay International Airport and the First Thai–Lao Friendship Bridge
  • The Lalai, Lantui, Meuang mom, Pakxan, and Phoudou border crossings are open only to visa holders.
  • Visa on arrival is extendable up to 60 days.
 Latvia Visa not required[110] 90 days
 Lebanon Visa required[111]
 Lesotho eVisa[112][113]
 Liberia Visa required[114]
 Libya Visa required[115]
 Liechtenstein Visa not required[116] 90 days
 Lithuania Visa not required[117] 90 days
 Luxembourg Visa not required[118] 90 days
 Madagascar eVisa / Visa on arrival[119] 90 days
 Malawi eVisa / Visa on arrival[120][121] 90 days
 Malaysia Visa not required[122] 3 months
 Maldives Visa on arrival[123] 30 days
 Mali Visa required[124]
 Malta Visa not required[125] 90 days
 Marshall Islands Visa required[126]
 Mauritania Visa on arrival[127]
 Mauritius Visa on arrival[128][129] 60 days
 Mexico Visa required[130][131]
  • Visa exemption for permanent residents or valid visa holders of Schengen Area, Canada, Japan, US
 Micronesia Visa not required[132] 30 days
 Moldova Visa not required[133] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Monaco Visa not required[134] 90 days
 Mongolia Visa required[135]
 Montenegro Visa not required[136] 90 days
 Morocco Visa required[137]
 Mozambique Visa on arrival[138] 30 days
 Myanmar eVisa[140] 28 days
 Namibia Visa required[141]
 Nauru Visa required[142]
   Nepal Visa on arrival[143][144] 90 days
 Netherlands Visa not required[145] 90 days
 New Zealand Visa required[146]
  • Holders of an Australian Permanent Resident Visa or Resident Return Visa may be granted a New Zealand Resident Visa on arrival permitting indefinite stay (pursuant to the Trans-Tasman Travel Arrangement), subject to meeting character requirements and obtaining an Electronic Travel Authority prior to departure.[147]
 Nicaragua Visa required[148]
 Niger Visa required[149]
 Nigeria Visa required[150]
 North Macedonia Visa not required[151] 90 days
 Norway Visa not required[152] 90 days
 Oman Visa not required[153] 14 days
 Pakistan Online Visa[154]
 Palau Visa on arrival[155] 30 days
 Panama Visa required[156]
 Papua New Guinea Visa required[157]
 Paraguay Visa required[158]
 Peru Visa required[159]
 Philippines Visa required[160]
 Poland Visa not required[161] 90 days
 Portugal Visa not required[162] 90 days
 Qatar eVisa[163][164]
 Romania Visa not required[165] 90 days
 Russia Visa required[166]
 Rwanda eVisa / Visa on arrival[167] 30 days
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Visa not required[168]
 Saint Lucia Visa required[169]
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Visa not required[170] 1 month
 Samoa Entry Permit on arrival[171] 60 days
 San Marino Visa not required[172] 90 days
 São Tomé and Príncipe eVisa[173]
 Saudi Arabia Visa required[174]
 Senegal Visa on arrival[175] 30 days
 Serbia Visa not required[176] 90 days
 Seychelles Visitor's Permit on arrival[177][178][179] 3 months
 Sierra Leone Visa required[180]
 Singapore Visa not required[181] 30 days
 Slovakia Visa not required[182] 90 days
 Slovenia Visa not required[183] 90 days
 Solomon Islands Visa required[184]
 Somalia Visa on arrival[185] 30 days
 South Africa Visa required[186]
 South Sudan Electronic Visa[187]
  • Obtainable online[188]
  • Printed visa authorization must be presented at the time of travel[188]
 Spain Visa not required[189] 90 days
 Sri Lanka eVisa / Visa on arrival[190][191] 30 days
 Sudan Visa required[192]
 Suriname eVisa[193]
 Sweden Visa not required[194] 90 days
  Switzerland Visa not required[195] 90 days
 Syria Visa required[196]
 Tajikistan eVisa[197][198] 45 days
 Tanzania eVisa / Visa on arrival[199][200] 3 months
 Thailand Visa required[201]
 Timor-Leste Visa on arrival[202] 30 days
 Togo Visa on arrival[203] 7 days
 Tonga Visa required[204]
 Trinidad and Tobago Visa not required[205] 90 days
 Tunisia Visa required[206]
 Turkey Visa not required[207] 90 days
 Turkmenistan Visa required[208]
 Tuvalu Visa on arrival[209][210] 1 month
 Uganda eVisa / Visa on arrival[211]
 Ukraine Visa not required[213] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 United Arab Emirates eVisa[214]
  • Visas can be arranged online through an airline.[215]
 United Kingdom Visa required[216]
 United States Visa required[217]
 Uruguay Visa required[218]
 Uzbekistan eVisa[219][220] 30 days
  • 5-day visa-free transit at the international airports if holding a confirmed onward ticket for a flight to a third country.[221]
 Vanuatu Visa required[222]
  Vatican City Visa not required[223]
 Venezuela Visa required[224]
 Vietnam Visa required[225]
 Yemen Visa required[229]
 Zambia eVisa / Visa on arrival[230][231] 90 days
 Zimbabwe eVisa / Visa on arrival[232] 3 months
  • 30 days for visits on business, 3 months for tourists

Territories and disputed areas

Visa requirements for Albanian citizens for visits to various territories, disputed areas, partially recognized countries and restricted zones:

Visitor to Visa requirement Notes (excluding departure fees)
Europe
 Abkhazia Visa required[233]
Flag of the Greek Orthodox Church.svg
Mount Athos
Special permit required Special permit required (4 days: €25 for Eastern Orthodox Church visitors, €35 for non-Orthodox visitors, €18 for students). There is a visitors' quota: maximum 100 Eastern Orthodox Church and 10 non-Orthodox per day and women are not allowed.[234][235]
Belarus Brest and Grodno Visa not required Visa-free for 10 days[236]
Autonomous Republic of Crimea Crimea Visa not required Visa policy of Russia is applied.[237]
 Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus Visa not required 3 months[238]
United Nations UN Buffer Zone in Cyprus Access Permit required[239] Access Permit is required for travelling inside the zone, except Civil Use Areas.
 Faroe Islands Visa not required[240] 90 days
 Gibraltar Visa required[241]
 Guernsey Visa required[242]
 Isle of Man Visa required[243]
Norway Jan Mayen Permit required[244] Permit issued by the local police required for staying for less than 24 hours[245] and permit issued by the Norwegian police for staying for more than 24 hours.[246]
 Jersey Visa required[247]
 Kosovo Freedom of movement [248] Id card Valid
 Artsakh Visa required[249][250]
 Russia Special authorization required Several closed cities and regions in Russia require special authorization.[251]
 South Ossetia Visa not required Multiple entry visa to Russia and three-day prior notification are required to enter South Ossetia.[252][253]
 Transnistria Visa not required Registration required after 24h.[254][255]
Africa
 British Indian Ocean Territory Special permit required Special permit required.[256]
 Eritrea outside Asmara Travel permit required To travel in the rest of the country, a Travel Permit for Foreigners is required (20 Eritrean nakfa).[257]
 Mayotte Visa not required[258] 90 days
 Réunion Visa not required[258] 90 days
 Ascension Island eVisa[259][260]
  • 3 months within any year period
 Saint Helena Visa required[261]
 Tristan da Cunha Permission required Permission to land required for 15/30 pounds sterling (yacht/ship passenger) for Tristan da Cunha Island or 20 pounds sterling for Gough Island, Inaccessible Island or Nightingale Islands.[262]
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Undefined visa regime in the Western Sahara controlled territory.
 Somaliland Visa on arrival 30 days for USD30, payable on arrival.[263][264]
 Sudan Travel permit required All foreigners travelling more than 25 kilometres outside of Khartoum must obtain a travel permit.
Sudan Darfur Travel permit required Separate travel permit is required.[265]
Asia
 Hong Kong Visa not required[266] 14 days
 India PAP/RAP PAP/RAP required Protected Area Permit (PAP) required for whole states of Nagaland and Sikkim and parts of states Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Jammu and Kashmir, Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh. Restricted Area Permit (RAP) required for all of Andaman and Nicobar Islands and parts of Sikkim. Some of these requirements are occasionally lifted for a year.[267][268][269][270][271][272]
 Kazakhstan Special permission required Special permission required for the town of Baikonur and surrounding areas in Kyzylorda Oblast, and the town of Gvardeyskiy near Almaty.[273]
Iran Kish Island Visa not required Visitors to Kish Island do not require a visa.[274]
 Macao Visa not required[275] 90 days
Maldives Maldives Permission required With the exception of the capital Malé, tourists are generally prohibited from visiting non-resort islands without the express permission of the Government of Maldives.[276]
 North Korea outside Pyongyang Special permit required People are not allowed to leave the capital city, tourists can only leave the capital with a governmental tourist guide (no independent moving)
 Palestine Visa not required[277] Arrival by sea to Gaza Strip not allowed.[278]
 Taiwan Visa required[279]
Tajikistan Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province OIVR permit required OIVR permit required (15+5 Tajikistani Somoni) and another special permit (free of charge) is required for Lake Sarez.[280][281][282]
China Tibet Autonomous Region TTP required Tibet Travel Permit required (10 US Dollars).[283][284][285]
 Turkmenistan Special permit required A special permit, issued prior to arrival by Ministry of Foreign Affairs, is required if visiting the following places: Atamurat, Cheleken, Dashoguz, Serakhs and Serhetabat.[286]
United Nations Korean Demilitarized Zone Restricted zone.
United Nations UNDOF Zone and Ghajar Restricted zone.
 Yemen Special permission required Special permission needed for travel outside Sana’a or Aden.[287]
Caribbean and North Atlantic
 Anguilla Visa required[288]
 Aruba Visa not required[289][290] 30 days
 Bermuda Visa required[291]
Netherlands Bonaire, St. Eustatius and Saba Visa not required[292][293] 90 days
 British Virgin Islands Visa required[294]
 Cayman Islands Visa required[295]
 Curacao Visa not required[296] 90 days
France French Guiana Visa not required[297] 90 days
France French West Indies Visa not required[298] 90 days; French West Indies refers to Martinique, Guadeloupe, Saint Martin and Saint Barthélemy.
 Greenland Visa not required[240] 90 days
 Montserrat Electronic visa[299]
 Puerto Rico Visa required[300]
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon Visa not required[258] 90 days
 Sint Maarten Visa not required[301][302] 90 days
 Turks and Caicos Islands Visa required[303]
 U.S. Virgin Islands Visa required[304]
Oceania
 American Samoa Entry permit required[305]
Australia Ashmore and Cartier Islands Special authorisation required Special authorisation required.[306]
France Clipperton Island Special permit required Special permit required.[307]
 Cook Islands Visa not required[308] 31 days
Fiji Lau Province Special permission required Special permission required.[309]
 French Polynesia Visa not required[310] 90 days
 Guam Visa required[311]
 New Caledonia Visa required[258]
 Niue Visa on arrival[312] 30 days
 Northern Mariana Islands Visa required[313]
 Pitcairn Islands Visa not required 14 days visa free and landing fee 35 USD or tax of 5 USD if not going ashore.[314][315][316]
 Tokelau Entry permit required[317]
United States United States Minor Outlying Islands Special permits required Special permits required for Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, Midway Atoll, Palmyra Atoll and Wake Island.[318][319][320][321][322][323][324]
 Wallis and Futuna Visa not required[258] 90 days
South Atlantic and Antarctica
 Falkland Islands Visa required[325]
 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Permit required Pre-arrival permit from the Commissioner required (72 hours/1 month for 110/160 pounds sterling).[326][327]
Antarctica Special permits required for  British Antarctic Territory,  French Southern and Antarctic Lands,  Argentine Antarctica, Australia Australian Antarctic Territory, Antártica Chilena Province Chilean Antarctic Territory, Australia Heard Island and McDonald Islands, Norway Peter I Island, Norway Queen Maud Land, New Zealand Ross Dependency.[328][329][330][331][332][333][334][335][336][337][338][339]

Non-visa travel restrictions

This section is transcluded from Non-visa travel restrictions. (edit | history)

Many countries have entry restrictions on foreigners that go beyond the common requirement of having either a valid visa or a visa exemption. Such restrictions may be health related or impose additional documentation requirements on certain classes of people for diplomatic or political purposes.

Blank passport pages

Many countries require a minimum number of blank pages to be available in the passport being presented, typically one or two pages.[347] Endorsement pages, which often appear after the visa pages, are not counted as being available.

Vaccination

An International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis is required to prove that someone has been vaccinated against yellow fever
An International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis is required to prove that someone has been vaccinated against yellow fever

Main articles: Vaccination requirements for international travel, International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis, and Vaccine passports during the COVID-19 pandemic

Many African countries, including Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Gabon, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Liberia, Niger, Rwanda, Sierra Leone and Togo, require all incoming passengers older than nine months to one year[348] to have a current International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis, as does the South American territory of French Guiana.[349]

Some other countries require vaccination only if the passenger is coming from an infected area or has visited one recently or has transited for 12 hours in those countries: Algeria, Botswana, Cabo Verde, Chad, Djibouti, Egypt, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Lesotho, Libya, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Papua New Guinea, Seychelles, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Tunisia, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe.[350][351]

An increasing number of countries have been imposing additional COVID-19 related health restrictions such as quarantine measures and testing requirements. Many countries increasingly consider the vaccination status of travellers with regard to quarantine requirements or when deciding to allow them entry at all.[352] This is justified by research that shows that the efficacy of the BioNTech vaccine lasts for six months or so.[353]

Passport validity length

Very few countries, such as Paraguay, just require a passport valid on arrival.

However many countries and groupings now require only an identity card - especially from their neighbours. Other countries may have special bilateral arrangements that depart from the generality of their passport validity length policies to shorten the period of passport validity required for each other's citizens[354][355] or even accept passports that have already expired (but not been cancelled).[356]

Some countries, such as Japan,[357] Ireland and the United Kingdom,[358] require a passport valid throughout the period of the intended stay.

In the absence of specific bilateral agreements, countries requiring passports to be valid for at least 6 more months on arrival include Afghanistan, Algeria, Anguilla, Bahrain,[359] Bhutan, Botswana, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Curaçao, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Gabon, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel,[360] Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Laos, Madagascar, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Mongolia, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Peru.[361] Philippines,[362] Qatar, Rwanda, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tokelau, Tonga, Turkey, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Vanuatu, Venezuela, and Vietnam.[363]

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 4 months on arrival include Micronesia and Zambia.

Countries requiring passports with a validity of at least 3 months beyond the date of intended departure include Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Nauru, Moldova and New Zealand. Similarly, the EEA countries of Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, all European Union countries (except the Republic of Ireland) together with Switzerland also require 3 months validity beyond the date of the bearer's intended departure unless the bearer is an EEA or Swiss national.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 3 months on arrival include Albania, Honduras, North Macedonia, Panama, and Senegal.

Bermuda requires passports to be valid for at least 45 days upon entry.

Countries that require a passport validity of at least one month beyond the date of intended departure include Eritrea, Hong Kong, Lebanon, Macau, the Maldives[364] and South Africa.

Criminal record

Some countries, including Australia, Canada, Fiji, New Zealand and the United States,[365] routinely deny entry to non-citizens who have a criminal record while others impose restrictions depending on the type of conviction and the length of the sentence.

Persona non grata

The government of a country can declare a diplomat persona non grata, banning entry into that country. In non-diplomatic use, the authorities of a country may also declare a foreigner persona non grata permanently or temporarily, usually because of unlawful activity.[366]

Israeli stamps

Israeli border control Entry Permit (issued as a stand-alone document rather than a stamp affixed in a passport)
Israeli border control Entry Permit (issued as a stand-alone document rather than a stamp affixed in a passport)

Kuwait,[367] Lebanon,[368] Libya,[369] Syria,[370] and Yemen[371] do not allow entry to people with passport stamps from Israel or whose passports have either a used or an unused Israeli visa, or where there is evidence of previous travel to Israel such as entry or exit stamps from neighbouring border posts in transit countries such as Jordan and Egypt.

To circumvent this Arab League boycott of Israel, the Israeli immigration services have now mostly ceased to stamp foreign nationals' passports on either entry to or exit from Israel (unless the entry is for some work-related purposes). Since 15 January 2013, Israel no longer stamps foreign passports at Ben Gurion Airport. Passports are still (as of 22 June 2017) stamped at Erez when passing into and out of Gaza.[citation needed]

Iran refuses admission to holders of passports containing an Israeli visa or stamp that is less than 12 months old.

Armenian ethnicity

Main articles: Anti-Armenian sentiment in Azerbaijan, Armenia–Azerbaijan relations, and Nagorno-Karabakh conflict

Entry Permit to Nagorno-Karabakh issued in Yerevan as a stand-alone document rather than a visa affixed in a passport
Entry Permit to Nagorno-Karabakh issued in Yerevan as a stand-alone document rather than a visa affixed in a passport

Due to the state of war that between Armenia and Azerbaijan in 2020,[372][373][374] Armenian citizens and other foreign nationals of Armenian descent are likely to encounter difficulties when attempting to enter the Republic of Azerbaijan.[375][376][377]

Azerbaijan bans visits by foreign citizens to the separatist region of Nagorno-Karabakh[377] (the de facto independent Republic of Artsakh), its surrounding territories, and the Azerbaijani exclaves of Karki, Yuxarı Əskipara, Barxudarlı, and Sofulu which are de jure part of Azerbaijan but under the control of Armenia, without the prior consent of the government of Azerbaijan. Foreign citizens who enter these territories will be permanently banned from entering the Republic of Azerbaijan[378] and will be included in their "list of personae non gratae".[379] As of 2 September 2019, the list mentioned 852 people.

Biometrics

See also: Countries applying biometrics

A fingerprint scanner at Dulles International Airport collects biometric data on visitors, which can be used for confirming identities.
A fingerprint scanner at Dulles International Airport collects biometric data on visitors, which can be used for confirming identities.

Several countries mandate that all travellers, or all foreign travellers, be fingerprinted on arrival and will refuse admission to or even arrest travellers who refuse to comply. In some countries, such as the United States, this may apply even to transit passengers who merely wish to quickly change planes rather than go landside.[380]

Fingerprinting countries include Afghanistan,[381][382] Argentina,[383] Brunei, Cambodia,[384] China,[385] Ethiopia,[386] Ghana, Guinea,[387] India, Japan,[388][389] Kenya (both fingerprints and a photo are taken),[390] Malaysia upon entry and departure,[391] Mongolia, Paraguay, Saudi Arabia,[392] Singapore, South Korea,[393] Taiwan, Thailand,[394] Uganda,[395] the United Arab Emirates and the United States.

Many countries also require a photo be taken of people entering the country. The United States, which does not fully implement exit control formalities at its land frontiers (although long mandated by domestic legislation),[396][397][398] intends to implement facial recognition for passengers departing from international airports to identify people who overstay their visa.[399]

Together with fingerprint and face recognition, iris scanning is one of three biometric identification technologies internationally standardised since 2006 by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) for use in e-passports[400] and the United Arab Emirates conducts iris scanning on visitors who need to apply for a visa.[401][402]

See also

References and Notes

References
  1. ^ "Global Ranking – Passport Index 2022" (PDF). Henley & Partners. Retrieved 5 April 2022. This graph shows the full Global Ranking of the 2022 Henley Passport Index. In certain cases, a rank is shared by multiple countries because these countries all have the same level of visa-free or visa-on-arrival access.
  2. ^ Visa information, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Afghanistan.
  3. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  4. ^ Travel to Andorra, Ministry of External Affairs of Andorra.
  5. ^ Travel Information Manual, International Air Transport Association (IATA).
  6. ^ Countries exempt from visa, Department of Immigration of Antigua and Barbuda.
  7. ^ Visa regime, National Directorate of Migrations of Argentina (in Spanish).
  8. ^ Visitor visa options, Department of Home Affairs of Australia.
  9. ^ "Online lodgement Arrangements for Subclass 600". Department of Immigration and Border Protection. Archived from the original on 11 February 2014. Retrieved 24 May 2014.
  10. ^ Schengen visa, Federal Ministry for Europe, Integration and Foreign Affairs of Austria.
  11. ^ Countries with visa-free travel regime, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan (in Azerbaijani).
  12. ^ Electronic Visa System of Azerbaijan Republic
  13. ^ Visa requirements for foreigners travelling to the Bahamas, Government of the Bahamas, 18 February 2014.
  14. ^ Bahrain eVisas, Ministry of Interior of Bahrain.
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  20. ^ Visa, Emigration and Immigration Directorate of Benin.
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Notes
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad Holders of biometric passports only.
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^
    • Vientiane
    • Savannakhet
    • Khammuan
    • Bokeo
  5. ^
    • Panghok - Taichang (Vietnam)
    • Samliemkham - (Thailand and Myanmar)
    • Nonghaed - Nam kanh (Vietnam)
    • Nam phao - Cau treo (Vietnam)
    • Na pao - Cha lo (Vietnam)
    • Daensavan - Lao bao (Vietnam)
    • Veunkham - Nong nok khian (Cambodia)
    • Vang tao - Chongmek (Thailand)
    • Boten - Bo han (China)
    • Nam ngeun - Huay konl (Thailand)
    • Namheuang - Nakaseng (Thailand)
    • Nam soy - Na meo (Vietnam)
    • Phoukeua - Kontoum (Vietnam)