The cover of a biometric Emirati passport
The cover of a biometric Emirati passport

Visa requirements for Emirati citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of the United Arab Emirates (UAE).

As of 6 July 2021, Emirati citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 175 countries and territories (equal to, say, with the passport of Monaco), ranking the Emirati passport 15th in terms of travel freedom according to the Henley Passport Index.[1] All other passports from the 'Arab world' had a lower ranking in this respect as of 1 December 2018.[2][3][4]

The Emirati passport is one of five passports with the greatest ranking improvement in the 2006-2016 time period.[5] The UAE Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation plans to make the UAE passport one of the five strongest passports in the world by 2021.[6]

Emirati citizens do not need a visa to enter other Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries and also have the right to work in those countries. Similarly, citizens of other GCC states do not need a visa to enter the UAE. GCC citizens can use a GCC national identity card (rather than a passport) to enter the UAE.

History

Visa requirements for Emirati citizens were lifted by New Zealand (in July 1999),[7] Brunei (11 October 2003),[8] Kyrgyzstan (July 2012), Kazakhstan (July 2014), the Schengen Area countries (7 May 2015),[9] Belarus (30 April 2016),[10] Moldova (24 March 2017),[11] São Tomé and Príncipe (25 April 2017),[12][13] Argentina (16 May 2017),[14] Chad[15] and Saint Lucia in October 2017,[16] Nauru (19 November 2017),[17] Solomon Islands (19 November 2017),[18] Chile (16 December 2017),[19] Rwanda (30 December 2017),[20] Ukraine (31 December 2017),[21] China (16 January 2018),[22] Burkina Faso (30 January 2018),[23] Ireland (31 January 2018),[24] Uruguay (5 April 2018),[25] Tonga (24 May 2018),[26] Honduras (25 May 2018),[27] Brazil (2 June 2018),[28] Canada (5 June 2018),[29] Barbados (1 July 2018),[30] Mexico (31 October 2018),[31] Russia (17 February 2019),[32] Uzbekistan (20 March 2019)[33] South Africa (15 August 2019),[34] Paraguay (16 August 2019),[35] Central African Republic (8 October 2019),[36] Kiribati (23 October 2019),[37] Israel (22 October 2020),[38] and Peru (8 November 2020).[39]

The first possibility of electronic visas for Emirati citizens began with the United Kingdom's electronic visa waiver (EVW) program that commenced on 1 January 2014,[40][41] followed by India[42] in November 2014, Lesotho on 1 May 2017, Benin on 1 January 2018, Uzbekistan on 15 July 2018, Tanzania on 26 November 2018,[43] and Pakistan on 14 March 2019.[44]

Visas on arrival for UAE citizens were introduced by Gabon in October 2017,[45] Guinea on 19 April 2018,[46] Guyana on 28 May 2018,[47] Mongolia on 15 May 2019[48] and Equatorial Guinea on 28 July 2019.[49]

Visa requirements map

Visa requirements for Emirati citizens.mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}  UAE  Freedom of movement  Visa free access  Visa on arrival  eVisa  Visa available both on arrival or online  Visa required
Visa requirements for Emirati citizens
  UAE
  Freedom of movement
  Visa free access
  Visa on arrival
  eVisa
  Visa available both on arrival or online
  Visa required

Visa requirements

Country Visa requirement Allowed stay Notes (excluding departure fees)
 Afghanistan Visa required[50]
 Albania Visa not required[51] 90 days
 Algeria Visa required[52]
 Andorra Visa not required[53]
 Angola eVisa[54][55] 30 days
  • Visitors who have been granted an online pre-visa or have requested such pre-visa from the consulates of Angola abroad, are then issued with a visa on arrival at the country's border check points.
  • For a maximum total stay of 90 days within a one year period.[56]
  • Besides having printed confirmation that a visa will be issued upon arrival, passengers must: have a return/onward ticket, and have a hotel reservation confirmation.[57]
 Antigua and Barbuda Visa not required[58] 30 days
 Argentina Visa not required[59] 90 days
 Armenia Visa not required[60] 180 days
 Australia Visa required[61]
  • May apply online (Online Visitor e600 visa).[62]
  • Transit visa is not required.[63]
 Austria Visa not required[64] 90 days
 Azerbaijan eVisa / Visa on arrival[65] 30 days
  • Obtainable at any international airport.[66]
  • eVisa valid for 30 days available otherwise.[67]
 Bahamas Visa not required[68] 3 months
 Bahrain Visa not required[69]
 Bangladesh Visa on arrival[70] 30 days
 Barbados Visa not required[71][30] 90 days
 Belarus Visa not required[72] 30 days
 Belgium Visa not required[73] 90 days
 Belize Visa required[74]
  • Permanent residents and holders of multiple entry visa of the United States may obtain a visa on arrival. Bearers of valid visas issued by a Schengen Member State are visa exempt for a maximum stay of 90 days.
 Benin eVisa[75][76] 30 days
  • Must have an international vaccination certificate.
 Bhutan Visa required[77]
  • Holders of an application for a tourist visa can obtain a visa on arrival
 Bolivia Visa on arrival[78] 90 days
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Visa not required[79] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 6-month period
 Botswana Visa not required[80] 90 days[81][82]
 Brazil Visa not required[83] 90 days
  • 90 days within any year period[84]
 Brunei Visa not required[85] 30 days
 Bulgaria Visa not required[86] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Burkina Faso Visa not required[23] 30 days
 Burundi eVisa[87]
  • Pre-arranged visa can be collected on arrival
 Cambodia eVisa / Visa on arrival[88] 30 days
 Cameroon Visa required[89]
  • Pre-arranged visa can be picked up on arrival
 Canada Visa not required[90] 6 months[29]
 Cape Verde Visa on arrival[93] 3 months
 Central African Republic Visa on arrival[94] 90 days
 Chad Visa not required[95] 90 days
 Chile Visa not required [96] 90 days
 China Visa not required[97] 30 days
 Colombia Visa not required[98] 180 days
  • 90 days - extendable up to 180-days stay within a one-year period
 Comoros Visa on arrival[99] 45 days
 Republic of the Congo Visa on arrival[100][101]
  • Visa not required if Passengers with a V.I.P invitation letter.
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Visa on arrival[102][103][104]
  • Passenger with a letter (Visa Volant) issued by the Ministry of Interior and Security can obtain a visa on arrival.
 Costa Rica Visa not required[105] 90 days
 Côte d'Ivoire eVisa[106] 3 months
 Croatia Visa not required[107] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Cuba Visa not required[108] 90 days
 Cyprus Visa not required[109] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Czech Republic Visa not required[110] 90 days
 Denmark Visa not required[111] 90 days
 Djibouti eVisa[112] 31 days
 Dominica Visa not required[113] 21 days
 Dominican Republic Visa not required[114] 90 days
 Ecuador Visa not required[115] 90 days
 Egypt Visa not required[116] 90 days
 El Salvador Visa not required[117] 90 days
 Equatorial Guinea Visa on arrival[49] 90 days
 Eritrea Visa required[118]
  • Pre-arranged visa can be picked up on arrival
 Estonia Visa not required[119] 90 days
 Eswatini Visa not required[120] 30 days
 Ethiopia eVisa / Visa on arrival[121] up to 90 days
 Fiji Visa not required[122] 4 months
 Finland Visa not required[123] 90 days
 France Visa not required[124] 90 days
 Gabon eVisa / Visa on arrival[125]
 Gambia Visa not required[127] 90 days
 Georgia Visa not required[128] 360 days[129]
 Germany Visa not required[130] 90 days
 Ghana Visa required[131]
  • Pre-arranged visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Greece Visa not required[132] 90 days
 Grenada Visa not required[133] 3 months
  • Beginning on 1 December 2020, all travellers to Grenada will be required to complete an online application in order to receive a Pure Safe Travel Authorization Certificate to enter Grenada.[134]
 Guatemala Visa not required[135] 90 days
 Guinea eVisa[136] 90 days
 Guinea-Bissau eVisa / Visa on arrival[137] 90 days
 Guyana Visa on arrival[138][139]
 Haiti Visa not required[140] 3 months
 Honduras Visa not required[141] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period[142]
 Hungary Visa not required[143] 90 days
 Iceland Visa not required[144] 90 days
 India eVisa / Visa on arrival[145] 60 days
  • e-Visa holders must arrive via 26 designated airports[Note 1] or 3 designated seaports.[Note 2][146]
  • An Indian e-Tourist Visa can only be obtained twice in one calendar year.
  • Visa on arrival is applicable to UAE citizens if they had earlier obtained e-Visa or regular/paper visa for India. This facility is not available to citizens if they or either of their parents or grandparents (paternal or maternal) was born in or is a permanent resident of Pakistan.[147]
 Indonesia Visa not required[148] 30 days
  • Select ports of entry.
 Iran eVisa[149][150] 30 days[151]
 Iraq Visa on arrival[153]
  • Visa on arrival when arriving at Basra International Airport, Al Najaf International Airport, Erbil International Airport or Sulaimaniyah International Airport.
 Ireland Visa not required[154] 90 days
 Israel Visa not required[155] 90 days
 Italy Visa not required[156] 90 days
 Jamaica Visa required[157][158] Visa on Arrival agreement was signed on 23 September 2019 and is yet to be ratified.
 Japan Visa not required[159] 30 days
  • Only if passport is endorsed with a Visa Waiver Registration Certificate from the Japanese Embassy/Consulate.
 Jordan Visa not required[160] 3 months
 Kazakhstan Visa not required[161] 30 days[162]
 Kenya eVisa / Visa on arrival[163] 3 months
 Kiribati Visa required[164] 30 days[165]
 North Korea Visa required[166]
 South Korea Visa not required[167] 30 days
 Kuwait Visa not required[168]
 Kyrgyzstan Visa not required[169] 60 days
 Laos eVisa / Visa on arrival[170] 30 days
  • Visa on arrival is available at international airports Luangphabang, Pakse, Savannakhet and Vientiane, and at 4 land borders Friendship Bridge,[Note 3] and at 13 border crossings[Note 4] as well as Tanalaeng train station in Vientiane, which connects to the train station in Nongkai, Thailand.[171] Visa on arrival facility will be gradually phased out at various border crossings starting January 2020.[172]
  • eVisa may be used to enter Laos through the following entry points — Wattay International Airport and the First Thai–Lao Friendship Bridge
  • Entry points Lalai, Lantui, Meuang mom, Pakxan, and Phoudou are open only to visa holders.
  • Visa on arrival is extendable up to 60 days.
 Latvia Visa not required[173] 90 days
 Lebanon Visa not required[174] 6 months
 Lesotho eVisa[175][176]
 Liberia Visa on arrival[177]
  • Pre-arranged visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Libya Visa required[178]
 Liechtenstein Visa not required[179] 90 days
 Lithuania Visa not required[180] 90 days
 Luxembourg Visa not required[181] 90 days
 Madagascar eVisa / Visa on arrival[182] 90 days
 Malawi eVisa / Visa on arrival[183][184] 30 days
 Malaysia Visa not required[185] 3 months
 Maldives Visa on arrival[186] 30 days
 Mali Visa not required[187] 90 days
 Malta Visa not required[188] 90 days
 Marshall Islands Visa on arrival[189] 90 days
 Mauritania Visa on arrival[190]
 Mauritius Visa not required[191] 90 days
 Mexico Visa not required[192] 180 days
 Micronesia Visa not required[193] 30 days
 Moldova Visa not required[194] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period[11]
 Monaco Visa not required[195]
 Mongolia eVisa / Visa on arrival[196][197] 30 days
 Montenegro Visa not required[198] 90 days
 Morocco Visa not required[199] 3 months
 Mozambique Visa on arrival[200] 30 days[201]
 Myanmar Visa required[202]
  • Visa on arrival if Passengers with a letter of approval issued by the Ministry of Hotels and Tourism.
 Namibia Visa on arrival[203] 3 months
 Nauru Visa not required[204] 90 days[17]
   Nepal Visa on arrival[205] 90 days
 Netherlands Visa not required[206] 90 days
 New Zealand Electronic Travel Authority[207] 3 months
  • International Visitor Conservation and Tourism Levy must be paid upon requesting an Electronic Travel Authority.[208]
  • Holders of an Australian Permanent Resident Visa or Resident Return Visa may be granted a New Zealand Resident Visa on arrival permitting indefinite stay (pursuant to the Trans-Tasman Travel Arrangement), subject to meeting character requirements and obtaining an Electronic Travel Authority prior to departure.[209] Such travellers are not required to pay the International Visitor Conservation and Tourism Levy.[208]
 Nicaragua Visa not required[210] 90 days Tourist Card On-Arrival
 Niger Visa on arrival[211]
  • Pre-arranged visa can be collected on arrival
 Nigeria eVisa[212][213]
  • Holders of written e-Visa approval issued by the Immigration Authority can obtain a visa on arrival, provided they hold a visa application form and e-Visa application payment receipt and have an invitation letter from a Nigerian company accepting immigration responsibilities.
 North Macedonia Visa not required[214] 90 days
 Norway Visa not required[215] 90 days
 Oman Visa not required[216]
 Pakistan eVisa / Visa on arrival[217]
  • Electronic Travel Authorization to obtain a visa on arrival for tourism purposes.[218]
  • Electronic Travel Authorization to obtain a visa on arrival for business purposes.[219]
  • Online Visa eligible.[220]
 Palau Visa on arrival[221] 30 days
 Panama Visa not required[222] 180 days
 Papua New Guinea Visa required[223]
 Paraguay Visa not required[224] 90 days
 Peru Visa not required[225] 90 days 90 days within any 180 day period
 Philippines Visa not required[226] 30 days
 Poland Visa not required[227] 90 days
 Portugal Visa not required[228] 90 days
 Qatar Visa not required[229]
 Romania Visa not required[230] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Russia Visa not required[231] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Rwanda eVisa / Visa on arrival[232][233] 30 days
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Visa not required[234] 3 months
 Saint Lucia Visa not required[235] 60 days[236]
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Visa not required[237] 90 days
  • 90 days within any 180 day period
 Samoa Entry Permit on arrival[238] 60 days
 San Marino Visa not required[239]
 São Tomé and Príncipe Visa not required[240] 15 days[12][13]
 Saudi Arabia Visa not required[241]
 Senegal Visa on arrival[242] 90 days
 Serbia Visa not required[243] 90 days
 Seychelles Visa not required[244] 3 months
 Sierra Leone Visa on arrival[245]
 Singapore Visa not required[246] 30 days
 Slovakia Visa not required[247] 90 days
 Slovenia Visa not required[248] 90 days
 Solomon Islands Visa not required[249] 90 days[250]
 Somalia Visa on arrival[251]
 South Africa Visa not required[252] 90 Days
 South Sudan Visa not required[253]
  • Obtainable online[254]
  • Printed visa authorization must be presented at the time of travel[254]
 Spain Visa not required[255] 90 days
 Sri Lanka eVisa / Visa on arrival[256] 30 days
 Sudan Visa not required[257] 3 months
 Suriname E-tourist card[258] 90 days
  • Multiple entry eVisa is also available.[259]
 Sweden Visa not required[260] 90 days
  Switzerland Visa not required[261] 90 days
 Syria Visa required[262]
  • According to the Law No. 2 of 2014 all visitors require visas prior to arrival.[263][264][265]
 Tajikistan eVisa[266] 45 days
 Tanzania eVisa / Visa on arrival[268][269] 3 months
 Thailand Visa not required[270] 30 days
  • Maximum two visits annually if not arriving by air.
 Timor-Leste Visa on arrival[271] 30 days
 Togo Visa on arrival[272] 7 days
 Tonga Visa not required[273] 60 days[274]
 Trinidad and Tobago Visa required[275]
  • Pre-arranged visa can be picked up on arrival.
 Tunisia Visa not required[276] 90 days
 Turkey eVisa[277] 3 months
 Turkmenistan Visa required[278]
  • Passengers with a letter of invitation issued by a company registered in Turkmenistan and approved by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs can obtain a visa on arrival
 Tuvalu Visa on arrival[279] 1 month
 Uganda eVisa / Visa on arrival[280] 3 months
 Ukraine Visa not required[282] 90 days
 United Kingdom Electronic Visa Waiver[283] 6 months
 United States Visa required[284]
 Uruguay Visa not required[285] 3 months
 Uzbekistan Visa not required[286][287] 30 days
 Vanuatu Visa not required[288] 90 days
  Vatican City Visa not required[289]
 Venezuela Visa required[290]
 Vietnam eVisa[291] 30 days
 Yemen Visa on arrival[292] 3 months
 Zambia eVisa / Visa on arrival[293] 90 days
  • Also eligible for a universal visa allowing access to Zimbabwe.
 Zimbabwe eVisa / Visa on arrival[294] 90 days
  • Also eligible for a universal visa allowing access to Zambia.

Dependent, disputed, or restricted territories

Unrecognized or partially recognized countries
Visitor to Conditions of access Notes
 Abkhazia Visa required[295]
 Artsakh Visa required[296] As of August 2016, due to political situation, Emirati government bans its citizens from visiting Artsakh.[297]
 Kosovo Visa not required[298]
 Northern Cyprus Visa not required[299]
 Palestine Visa not required[300] Arrival by sea to Gaza Strip not allowed.[301]
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Undefined visa regime in the Western Sahara controlled territory.
 Somaliland Visa on arrival 30 days for 30 US dollars, payable on arrival.[302][303]
 South Ossetia Visa not required[304] Multiple entry visa to Russia and three day prior notification are required to enter South Ossetia.[305][306]
 Taiwan eVisa[307]
 Transnistria Visa not required[308] Registration required after 24h.[309][310]
Dependent and autonomous territories
Territory Conditions of access Notes
China
 Hong Kong Visa not required[311] 30 days
 Macau Visa on arrival[312] 30 days
Denmark
 Faroe Islands Visa not required[313]
 Greenland Visa not required[314]
France
 Clipperton Island Special permit required[315]
 French Guiana Visa not required[316] 90 days within any 180 day period
 French Polynesia Visa not required[317] 90 days within any 180 day period
France French West Indies
Guadeloupe Visa not required 90 days within any 180 day period
Martinique Visa not required 90 days within any 180 day period
Saint Barthélemy Visa required[318]
Saint Martin Visa required[318]
 Mayotte Visa not required[319] 90 days within any 180 day period
 New Caledonia Visa not required[320] 90 days within any 180 day period
 Réunion Visa not required[321] 90 days within any 180 day period
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon Visa not required[322] 90 days within any 180 day period
 Wallis and Futuna Visa not required[323] 90 days within any 180 day period
Netherlands
 Aruba Visa not required[324] 90 days
Netherlands Caribbean Netherlands
 Bonaire Visa not required[325] 90 days
 Sint Eustatius 90 days
 Saba 90 days
 Curaçao Visa not required[326] 90 days
 Sint Maarten Visa not required[327] 90 days
New Zealand
 Cook Islands Visa not required[328] 31 days
 Niue Visa not required[329] 30 days
 Tokelau Visa required[330]
Norway
Norway Jan Mayen Permit required Permit issued by the local police required for staying for less than 24 hours[331] and permit issued by the Norwegian police for staying for more than 24 hours.[332]
Norway Svalbard Visa not required Unlimited period under Svalbard Treaty.[333]
United Kingdom
 Akrotiri and Dhekelia Visa required[334]
 Anguilla Visa required[335] Holders of a valid visa issued by the United Kingdom do not require a visa.[336]
 Bermuda Visa required[337] Visa free for a maximum stay of 3 months if arriving from or transiting through the United Kingdom.
 British Indian Ocean Territory Special permit required Special permit required.[338]
 British Virgin Islands Visa required[339]
 Cayman Islands Visa required[340]
 Falkland Islands Visa required[341]
 Gibraltar eVisa[342]
 Montserrat eVisa[343]
 Pitcairn Islands Visa not required 14 days visa free and landing fee US$35 or tax of US$5 if not going ashore.[344][345][346]
United Kingdom Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
 Saint Helena eVisa[347][348]
 Ascension Island eVisa[349][350]
  • 3 months within any year period
 Tristan da Cunha Permission required Permission to land required for 15/30 pounds sterling (yacht/ship passenger) for Tristan da Cunha Island or 20 pounds sterling for Gough Island, Inaccessible Island or Nightingale Islands.[351]
 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Permit required Pre-arrival permit from the Commissioner required (72 hours/1 month for 110/160 pounds sterling).[352][353]
 Turks and Caicos Islands Visa not required[354] 90 days.
United States
 American Samoa Visa required[355]
 Guam Visa required[356]
 Northern Mariana Islands Visa required[357]
 Puerto Rico Visa required[358]
 U.S. Virgin Islands Visa required[359]
Antarctica and adjacent islands
Special permits required for  Bouvet Island,  British Antarctic Territory,  French Southern and Antarctic Lands,  Argentine Antarctica, Australia Australian Antarctic Territory, Antártica Chilena Province Chilean Antarctic Territory, Australia Heard Island and McDonald Islands, Norway Peter I Island, Norway Queen Maud Land, New Zealand Ross Dependency.[360][361][362][363][364][365][366][367][368][369][370][371]

Non-visa restrictions

This section is transcluded from Non-visa travel restrictions. (edit | history)

Many countries have entry restrictions on foreigners that go beyond the common requirement of having either a valid visa or a visa exemption. Such restrictions may be health related or impose additional documentation requirements on certain classes of people for diplomatic or political purposes.

Blank passport pages

Many countries require a minimum number of blank pages to be available in the passport being presented, typically one or two pages.[372] Endorsement pages, which often appear after the visa pages, are not counted as being available.

Vaccination

An International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis is required to prove that someone has been vaccinated against yellow fever
An International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis is required to prove that someone has been vaccinated against yellow fever

Main articles: Vaccination requirements for international travel, International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis, and COVID-19 vaccine

Many African countries, including Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Gabon, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Liberia, Niger, Rwanda, Sierra Leone and Togo, require all incoming passengers older than nine months to one year[373] to have a current International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis, as does the South American territory of French Guiana.[374]

Some other countries require vaccination only if the passenger is coming from an infected area or has visited one recently or has transited for 12 hours in those countries: Algeria, Botswana, Cabo Verde, Chad, Djibouti, Egypt, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Lesotho, Libya, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Papua New Guinea, Seychelles, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tunisia, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe.[375][376]

An increasing number of countries have been imposing additional COVID-19 related health restrictions such as quarantine measures and testing requirements. Many countries increasingly consider the vaccination status of travellers with regard to quarantine requirements or when deciding to allow them entry at all.[377] This is justified by research that shows that the Pfizer vaccine effect lasts for six months or so.[378]

Passport validity length

In the absence of specific bilateral agreements, countries requiring passports to be valid for at least 6 more months on arrival include Afghanistan, Algeria, Anguilla, Bahrain,[379] Bhutan, Botswana, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Curaçao, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Gabon, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel,[380] Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Laos, Madagascar, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Mongolia, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Peru.[381] Philippines,[382] Qatar, Rwanda, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tokelau, Tonga, Turkey, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Vanuatu, Venezuela, and Vietnam.[383]

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 4 months on arrival include Micronesia and Zambia.

Countries requiring passports with a validity of at least 3 months beyond the date of intended departure include Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Nauru, Moldova and New Zealand. Similarly, the EEA countries of Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, all European Union countries (except the Republic of Ireland) together with Switzerland also require 3 months validity beyond the date of the bearer's intended departure unless the bearer is an EEA or Swiss national.

Countries requiring passports valid for at least 3 months on arrival include Albania, Honduras, North Macedonia, Panama, and Senegal.

Bermuda requires passports to be valid for at least 45 days upon entry.

Countries that require a passport validity of at least one month beyond the date of intended departure include Eritrea, Hong Kong, Lebanon, Macau, the Maldives[384] and South Africa.

Other countries, such as Japan,[385] Ireland and the United Kingdom,[386] require a passport valid throughout the period of the intended stay.

A very few countries, such as Paraguay, just require a passport valid on arrival.

Some countries have bilateral agreements with other countries to shorten the period of passport validity required for each other's citizens[387][388] or even accept passports that have already expired (but not been cancelled).[389]

Criminal record

Some countries, including Australia, Canada, Fiji, New Zealand and the United States,[390] routinely deny entry to non-citizens who have a criminal record while others impose restrictions depending on the type of conviction and the length of the sentence.

Persona non grata

The government of a country can declare a diplomat persona non grata, banning their entry into that country. In non-diplomatic use, the authorities of a country may also declare a foreigner persona non grata permanently or temporarily, usually because of unlawful activity.[391]

Israeli stamps

Israeli border control Entry Permit (issued as a stand-alone document rather than a stamp affixed in a passport)
Israeli border control Entry Permit (issued as a stand-alone document rather than a stamp affixed in a passport)

Kuwait,[392] Lebanon,[393] Libya,[394] Sudan,[395] Syria,[396] and Yemen[397] do not allow entry to people with passport stamps from Israel or whose passports have either a used or an unused Israeli visa, or where there is evidence of previous travel to Israel such as entry or exit stamps from neighbouring border posts in transit countries such as Jordan and Egypt.

To circumvent this Arab League boycott of Israel, the Israeli immigration services have now mostly ceased to stamp foreign nationals' passports on either entry to or exit from Israel (unless the entry is for some work-related purposes). Since 15 January 2013, Israel no longer stamps foreign passports at Ben Gurion Airport. Passports are still (as of 22 June 2017) stamped at Erez when passing into and out of Gaza.[citation needed]

The Saudi Commission for Tourism and National Heritage claims that having an Israeli stamp does not disqualify someone from visiting Saudi Arabia.[398]

Iran refuses admission to holders of passports containing an Israeli visa or stamp that is less than 12 months old.

Armenian ethnicity

Main articles: Anti-Armenian sentiment in Azerbaijan, Armenia–Azerbaijan relations, and Nagorno-Karabakh conflict

Entry Permit to Nagorno-Karabakh issued in Yerevan as a stand-alone document rather than a visa affixed in a passport
Entry Permit to Nagorno-Karabakh issued in Yerevan as a stand-alone document rather than a visa affixed in a passport

Due to a state of war existing between Armenia and Azerbaijan,[399][400][401] Armenian citizens and other foreign nationals of Armenian descent are likely to encounter difficulties when attempting to enter the Republic of Azerbaijan.[402][403][404]

Azerbaijan bans visits by foreign citizens to the separatist region of Nagorno-Karabakh[404] (the de facto independent Republic of Artsakh), its surrounding territories, and the Azerbaijani exclaves of Karki, Yuxarı Əskipara, Barxudarlı, and Sofulu which are de jure part of Azerbaijan but under the control of Armenia, without the prior consent of the government of Azerbaijan. Foreign citizens who enter these territories will be permanently banned from entering the Republic of Azerbaijan[405] and will be included in their "list of personae non gratae".[406] As of 2 September 2019, the list mentioned 852 people.

Biometrics

See also: Countries applying biometrics

A fingerprint scanner at Dulles International Airport collects biometric data on visitors, which can be used for confirming identities.
A fingerprint scanner at Dulles International Airport collects biometric data on visitors, which can be used for confirming identities.

Several countries mandate that all travellers, or all foreign travellers, be fingerprinted on arrival and will refuse admission to or even arrest travellers who refuse to comply. In some countries, such as the United States, this may apply even to transit passengers who merely wish to quickly change planes rather than go landside.[407]

Fingerprinting countries include Afghanistan,[408][409] Argentina,[410] Brunei, Cambodia,[411] China,[412] Ethiopia,[413] Ghana, Guinea,[414] India, Japan,[415][416] Kenya (both fingerprints and a photo are taken),[417] Malaysia upon entry and departure,[418] Paraguay, Saudi Arabia,[419] Singapore, South Korea,[420] Taiwan, Thailand,[421] Uganda[422] and the United States.

Many countries also require a photo be taken of people entering the country. The United States, which does not fully implement exit control formalities at its land frontiers (although long mandated by domestic legislation),[423][424][425] intends to implement facial recognition for passengers departing from international airports to identify people who overstay their visa.[426]

Together with fingerprint and face recognition, iris scanning is one of three biometric identification technologies internationally standardised since 2006 by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) for use in e-passports[427] and the United Arab Emirates conducts iris scanning on visitors who need to apply for a visa.[428][429]

See also

References and notes

References
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Notes
  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^
    • Vientiane
    • Savannakhet
    • Khammuan
    • Bokeo
  4. ^
    • Panghok - Taichang (Vietnam)
    • Samliemkham - (Thailand and Myanmar)
    • Nonghaed - Nam kanh (Vietnam)
    • Nam phao - Cau treo (Vietnam)
    • Na pao - Cha lo (Vietnam)
    • Daensavan - Lao bao (Vietnam)
    • Veunkham - Nong nok khian (Cambodia)
    • Vang tao - Chongmek (Thailand)
    • Boten - Bo han (China)
    • Nam ngeun - Huay konl (Thailand)
    • Namheuang - Nakaseng (Thailand)
    • Nam soy - Na meo (Vietnam)
    • Phoukeua - Kontoum (Vietnam)