Visa requirements for New Zealand citizens are administrative entry restrictions by the authorities of other states placed on citizens of New Zealand. As of 1 February 2020,[update] New Zealand citizens had visa-free or visa on arrival access to 185 countries and territories, ranking the New Zealand passport 7th in terms of travel freedom according to the Henley Passport Index.
|Country||Visa requirement||Allowed stay||Notes (excluding departure fees)|
|Afghanistan||Visa required||Due to safety concerns, New Zealand government advises its citizens not to visit Afghanistan.|
|Albania||Visa not required||90 days|
|Andorra||Visa not required|
|Antigua and Barbuda||Visa not required||6 months|
|Argentina||Visa not required||90 days|
|Armenia||Visa not required||180 days|
|Australia||Visa not required||
|Austria||Visa not required||90 days||
|Bahamas||Visa not required||3 months|
|Bahrain||eVisa / Visa on arrival||14 days|
|Bangladesh||Visa on arrival||30 days||
|Barbados||Visa not required||6 months|
|Belarus||Visa not required||30 days||
|Belgium||Visa not required||90 days||
|Belize||Visa not required|
|Benin||eVisa / Visa on arrival||30 days / 8 days||
|Bolivia||Visa not required||90 days|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||Visa not required||90 days||
|Botswana||Visa not required||90 days||
|Brazil||Visa not required||90 days|
|Brunei||Visa not required||30 days|
|Bulgaria||Visa not required||90 days||
|Burkina Faso||Visa on arrival||1 month|
|Cambodia||eVisa / Visa on arrival||30 days||
|Canada||Visa not required||6 months|
|Cape Verde||Visa on arrival||
|Central African Republic||Visa required|
|Chile||Visa not required||90 days|
|Colombia||Visa not required||180 days||
|Comoros||Visa on arrival|
|Republic of the Congo||Visa required|
|Democratic Republic of the Congo||Visa required|
|Costa Rica||Visa not required||90 days|
|Côte d'Ivoire||eVisa||3 months||
|Croatia||Visa not required||90 days||
|Cuba||Tourist Card required||30 days|
|Cyprus||Visa not required||90 days||
|Czech Republic||Visa not required||90 days||
|Denmark||Visa not required||90 days|
|Dominica||Visa not required||6 months|
|Dominican Republic||Visa not required||90 days|
|Ecuador||Visa not required||90 days|
|Egypt||Visa on arrival||30 days|
|El Salvador||Visa not required||3 months|
|Equatorial Guinea||Visa required|
|Estonia||Visa not required||90 days||
|Eswatini||Visa not required||30 days|
|Ethiopia||eVisa / Visa on arrival||up to 90 days|
|Fiji||Visa not required||4 months|
|Finland||Visa not required||90 days||
|France||Visa not required||90 days|
|Gambia||Visa not required||90 days|
|Georgia||Visa not required||1 year|
|Germany||Visa not required||90 days||
|Greece||Visa not required||90 days||
|Grenada||Visa not required||3 months||
|Guatemala||Visa not required||90 days|
|Guinea-Bissau||eVisa / Visa on arrival||90 days|
|Guyana||Visa not required||3 months|
|Haiti||Visa not required||3 months|
|Honduras||Visa not required||3 months|
|Hungary||Visa not required||90 days||
|Iceland||Visa not required||90 days||
|Indonesia||Visa not required||30 days|
|Iran||Visa on arrival||30 days|
|Iraq||Visa on arrival||60 days||* New Zeland citizens can now obtain a visa on arrival at Iraq’s airports, land and sea crossings for 60 days, for a fee of 75 US Dollar.|
|Ireland||Visa not required||3 months||√|
|Israel||Visa not required||3 months||
|Italy||Visa not required||90 days||
|Jamaica||Visa not required||X|
|Japan||Visa not required||90 days||√|
|Jordan||Visa on arrival|
|Kazakhstan||Visa not required||30 days|
|Kenya||eVisa / Visa on arrival||3 months|
|Kiribati||Visa not required||30 days|
|North Korea||Visa required|
|South Korea||Visa not required||90 days|
|Kuwait||eVisa / Visa on arrival||3 months|
|Kyrgyzstan||Visa not required||60 days||
|Laos||eVisa / Visa on arrival||30 days||
|Latvia||Visa not required||90 days||
|Lebanon||Free visa on arrival||1 month||
|Lesotho||Visa not required||14 days|
|Liechtenstein||Visa not required||90 days||
|Lithuania||Visa not required||90 days||
|Luxembourg||Visa not required||90 days||
|Madagascar||eVisa / Visa on arrival||90 days|
|Malawi||eVisa / Visa on arrival|
|Malaysia||Visa not required||3 months|
|Maldives||Free visa on arrival||30 days|
|Malta||Visa not required||90 days||
|Marshall Islands||Visa on arrival||90 days|
|Mauritania||Visa on arrival||
|Mauritius||Visa not required||90 days|
|Mexico||Visa not required||180 days|
|Micronesia||Visa not required||30 days|
|Moldova||Visa not required||90 days||
|Monaco||Visa not required|
|Montenegro||Visa not required||90 days|
|Morocco||Visa not required||3 months|
|Mozambique||Visa on arrival||30 days||
|Myanmar||eVisa / Visa on arrival||30 days||
|Namibia||Visa not required||3 months|
|Nepal||Visa on arrival||90 days|
|Netherlands||Visa not required||90 days|
|Nicaragua||Visa not required||90 days|
|North Macedonia||Visa not required||90 days||
|Norway||Visa not required||90 days||
|Pakistan||Electronic Travel Authorization|
|Palau||Free visa on arrival||30 days|
|Panama||Visa not required||180 days|
|Papua New Guinea||eVisa / Free visa on arrival||60 days|
|Paraguay||Visa on arrival||90 days|
|Peru||Visa not required||183 days|
|Philippines||Visa not required||30 days|
|Poland||Visa not required||90 days||
|Portugal||Visa not required||90 days||
|Qatar||Visa not required||30 days|
|Romania||Visa not required||90 days||
|Rwanda||eVisa / Visa on arrival||30 days|
|Saint Kitts and Nevis||Visa not required||3 months|
|Saint Lucia||Visa not required||6 weeks|
|Saint Vincent and the Grenadines||Visa not required||1 month|
|Samoa||Visa not required||60 days|
|San Marino||Visa not required|
|São Tomé and Príncipe||eVisa|
|Saudi Arabia||eVisa / Visa on arrival||90 days|
|Senegal||Visa on arrival||90 days|
|Serbia||Visa not required||90 days||
|Seychelles||Free Visitor's Permit on arrival||3 months|
|Sierra Leone||Visa on arrival|
|Singapore||Visa not required||90 days|
|Slovakia||Visa not required||90 days||
|Slovenia||Visa not required||90 days||
|Solomon Islands||Free Visitor's permit on arrival||3 months|
|Somalia||Visa on arrival|
|South Africa||Visa not required||90 days|
|South Sudan||Electronic Visa|
|Spain||Visa not required||90 days||
|Sri Lanka||eVisa / Visa on arrival||30 days|
|Sweden||Visa not required||90 days||
|Switzerland||Visa not required||90 days||
|Syria||Visa required||Due to safety concerns, New Zealand government advises its citizens not to visit Syria.|
|Tajikistan||Visa on arrival||45 days|
|Tanzania||eVisa / Visa on arrival||3 months|
|Thailand||Visa not required||30 days||
|Timor-Leste||Visa on arrival||30 days||
|Togo||Visa on arrival||7 days|
|Tonga||Free visa on arrival||31 days|
|Trinidad and Tobago||Visa on arrival||30 days|
|Tunisia||Visa not required||3 months|
|Turkey||Visa not required||3 months|
|Tuvalu||Visa on arrival||1 month|
|Uganda||eVisa / Visa on arrival||
|Ukraine||Visa not required||90 days||
|United Arab Emirates||Free visa on arrival||30 days|
|United Kingdom and Crown dependencies||Visa not required||6 months||
|United States||Visa Waiver Program||90 days|
|Uruguay||Visa not required||3 months|
|Uzbekistan||Visa not required||30 days|
|Vanuatu||Visa not required||30 days|
|Vatican City||Visa not required|
|Venezuela||Visa not required||90 days||Due to criminal and political uncertanties, New Zealand government advises its citizens not to visit Venezuela.|
|Yemen||Visa required||Due to safety concerns, New Zealand government advises its citizens not to visit Yemen.|
|Zambia||eVisa / Visa on arrival||90 days||
|Zimbabwe||eVisa / Visa on arrival||3 months||
NB: Cook Islands and Niue are not dependent territories of NZ, they are in Free Association with New Zealand
|Territory||Conditions of access||Notes|
|Cook Islands||Visa not required||90 days|
|Niue||Visa not required||30 days|
|Ross Dependency||Permit required|
|Territory||Conditions of access||Notes|
|Abkhazia||Visa required||May enter visa-free for up to 24 hours as part of an organised tourist group.|
|Kosovo||Visa not required||90 days|
|Northern Cyprus||Visa not required||3 months|
|Nagorno-Karabakh||Visa required||Travellers with Nagorno-Karabakh visa (expired or valid) or evidence of travel to Nagorno-Karabakh (stamps) will be permanently denied entry to Azerbaijan.|
|Palestine||Visa not required||Arrival by sea to Gaza Strip not allowed.|
|Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic||Undefined visa regime in the Western Sahara controlled territory.|
|Somaliland||Visa on arrival||30 days for 30 US dollars, payable on arrival.|
|South Ossetia||Visa not required||Multiple entry visa to Russia and three day prior notification are required to enter South Ossetia.|
|Taiwan||Visa not required||90 days|
|Transnistria||Visa not required||Registration required after 24h.|
|Territory||Conditions of access||Notes|
|Hong Kong||Visa not required||90 days|
|Macau||Visa not required||90 days|
|Faroe Islands||Visa not required|
|Greenland||Visa not required|
|French Guiana||Visa not required||3 months|
|French Polynesia||Visa not required||90 days within 180 days|
|French West Indies||Visa not required||Includes overseas departments of Guadeloupe and Martinique and overseas collectivities of Saint Barthélemy and Saint Martin.|
|Mayotte||Visa not required||3 months|
|New Caledonia||Visa not required||3 months|
|Réunion||Visa not required||3 months|
|Saint Pierre and Miquelon||Visa not required||3 months|
|Wallis and Futuna||Visa not required||3 months|
|Aruba||Visa not required||30 days, extendable to 180 days|
|Caribbean Netherlands||Visa not required||90 days. Includes Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba.|
|Curaçao||Visa not required||90 days|
|Sint Maarten||Visa not required||90 days|
|Akrotiri and Dhekelia||Visa not required||Stays longer than 28 days per 12-month period require a permit.|
|Anguilla||Visa not required||3 months|
|Bermuda||Visa not required||Up to 6 months, decided on arrival|
|British Indian Ocean Territory||Special permit required||Special permit required.|
|British Virgin Islands||Visa not required||30 days, extensions possible|
|Cayman Islands||Visa not required||6 months|
|Falkland Islands||Visa not required|
|Gibraltar||Visa not required|
|Montserrat||Visa not required||6 months|
|Pitcairn Islands||Visa not required||14 days visa free and landing fee US$35 or tax of US$5 if not going ashore.|
|Saint Helena||Visitor's Pass required||Visitor's Pass granted on arrival valid for 4/10/21/60/90 days for 12/14/16/20/25 pound sterling.|
|Tristan da Cunha||Permission required||Permission to land required for 15/30 pounds sterling for yacht/ship passenger for Tristan da Cunha Island or 20 pounds sterling for Gough Island, Inaccessible Island or Nightingale Islands.|
|South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands||Permit required||Pre-arrival permit from the Commissioner required (72 hours/1 month for 110/160 pounds sterling).|
|Turks and Caicos Islands||Visa not required||90 days|
|American Samoa||Electronic authorization||30 days|
|Guam||Visa not required||45 days|
|Northern Mariana Islands||Visa not required||45 days|
|Puerto Rico||Visa not required||Under the Visa Waiver Program, for 90 days on arrival from overseas for 2 years. ESTA required.|
|U.S. Virgin Islands||Visa not required||Under the Visa Waiver Program, for 90 days on arrival from overseas for 2 years. ESTA required.|
|Antarctica and adjacent islands|
|Special permits required for Bouvet Island, British Antarctic Territory, French Southern and Antarctic Lands, Argentine Antarctica, Australian Antarctic Territory, Chilean Antarctic Territory, Heard Island and McDonald Islands, Peter I Island, Queen Maud Land.|
|Territory||Conditions of access||Notes|
|Brest and Grodno||Visa not required||Visa-free for 10 days|
|Visa free||30 days|
Tibet Autonomous Region
|TTP required||Tibet Travel Permit required (10 US Dollars).|
|Crimea||Visa required||Visa issued by Russia is required.|
||Pre-registration required||Online pre-registration is required. Transit Control Card must also be obtained at the airport prior to departure.|
|Eritrea outside Asmara||Travel permit required||To travel in the rest of the country, a Travel Permit for Foreigners is required (20 Eritrean nakfa).|
|Special permit required||Special permit required (4 days: 25 euro for Orthodox visitors, 35 euro for non-Orthodox visitors, 18 euro for students). There is a visitors' quota: maximum 100 Orthodox and 10 non-Orthodox per day and women are not allowed.|
|India PAP/RAP||PAP/RAP required||Protected Area Permit (PAP) required for whole states of Nagaland and Sikkim and parts of states Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Jammu and Kashmir, Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh.|
Restricted Area Permit (RAP) required for all of Andaman and Nicobar Islands and parts of Sikkim. Some of these requirements are occasionally lifted for a year.
|Visa not required||Visitors to Kish Island do not require a visa.|
|Iraqi Kurdistan||Visa on arrival||Visa on arrival for 15 days is available at Erbil and Sulaymaniyah airports.|
|Special permission required||Special permission required.|
|Special permit required||Special permit required.|
|Kazakhstan||Special permission required||Special permission required for the town of Baikonur and surrounding areas in Kyzylorda Oblast, and the town of Gvardeyskiy near Almaty.|
|North Korea outside Pyongyang||Special permit required||People are not allowed to leave the capital city, tourists can only leave the capital with a governmental tourist guide (no independent moving)|
|Malaysia Sabah and Sarawak||Visa not required||These states have their own immigration authorities and passport is required to travel to them, however the same visa applies.|
|Maldives outside Malé||Permission required||With the exception of the capital Malé, tourists are generally prohibited from visiting non-resort islands without the express permission of the Government of Maldives.|
|Permit required||Permit issued by the local police required for staying for less than 24 hours and permit issued by the Norwegian police for staying for more than 24 hours.|
|Svalbard of Norway||Visa not required||Unlimited Stay (Indefinite Stay).|
|Novorossiya||Restricted area||Crossing from Ukraine requires visit purpose to be explained to Ukrainian passport control on exit and those who entered from Russia are not allowed to proceed further into Ukraine.|
|Russia||Special authorization required||Several closed cities and regions in Russia require special authorization.|
|Sudan outside Khartoum||Travel permit required||All foreigners traveling more than 25 kilometers outside of Khartoum must obtain a travel permit.|
|Travel permit required||Separate travel permit is required.|
Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province
|OIVR permit required||OIVR permit required (15+5 Tajikistani Somoni) and another special permit (free of charge) is required for Lake Sarez.|
|UN Buffer Zone in Cyprus||Access Permit required||Access Permit is required for travelling inside the zone, except Civil Use Areas.|
|Korean Demilitarized Zone||Restricted zone.|
|UNDOF Zone and Ghajar||Restricted zone.|
|United States Minor Outlying Islands||Special permits required||Special permits required for Baker Island, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, Midway Atoll, Palmyra Atoll and Wake Island.|
|Visa not required||All visitors are fingerprinted.|
|Visa not required||30 days|
|Yemen outside Sana’a or Aden||Special permission required||Special permission needed for travel outside Sana’a or Aden.|
Main article: Visa policy in the European Union
New Zealand citizens are classified as 'Annex II' foreign nationals, and so are permitted to stay visa-free in the 26 member states of the Schengen Area as a whole — rather than each country individually — for a period not exceeding 3 months every 6 months.
The New Zealand Government has signed bilateral visa waiver agreements with a number of the individual countries who are Schengen signatories, which allow New Zealand citizens to spend up to three months in the relevant country, without reference to time spent in other Schengen signatory states. Since these agreements continue to remain valid despite the implementation of the Schengen agreement, the European Commission has confirmed that in practice if New Zealanders visit Schengen countries which have signed these types of bilateral agreements with New Zealand, then the terms of these agreements override the conditions normally imposed as a result of the Schengen visa exemption agreement.
New Zealand has individual bilateral visa waiver agreements with the following Schengen signatories:
Consequently, New Zealand citizens can visit the above Schengen member states visa-free for periods of up to 3 months in each country. If, however, a New Zealand citizen then visits another Schengen state not included in the list above, the restriction of no more than 3 months out of a 6-month period in the Schengen area as a whole applies. Therefore, if a New Zealand citizen has already spent 3 months in one or more of the above Schengen countries, any visits to another Schengen country without a bilateral visa waiver agreement with New Zealand may lead to difficulties with local law enforcement agencies (e.g. being accused of having overstayed upon leaving a Schengen country which is not in the list above).
In addition, a New Zealand citizen who has already spent up to 3 months in other parts of the Schengen Area can enter Hungary and remain there for up to a further 90 days visa-free. Following the stay in Hungary, if 3 months has already spent elsewhere in the Schengen area, he/she must then leave the Schengen area from Hungary and go directly to a country outside the Schengen Area.
In general, any person who is not a European Union, European Economic Area or Swiss citizen and who wishes to stay in a Schengen member state for more than 3 months is required to obtain a national long-stay 'D' visa and/or a residence permit. New Zealand citizens aged 18–30 (or 18–35 in some cases) are able to obtain a national long-stay 'D' visa and/or a residence permit from 19 Schengen member states on the basis of a working holiday (see below). Schengen member states also issue national long-stay 'D' visas and residence permits for other reasons to those fulfilling criteria laid out in their national immigration policies (e.g. skilled workers, students, au pair).
In general, the national long-stay 'D' visa/residence permit needs to be obtained in advance through the member state's embassy/consulate. However, some Schengen member states offer exceptions for New Zealand citizens.
Austria allows New Zealand citizens to enter the country without a visa and to apply for a temporary residence permit or a 'Red-White-Red Card' (issued to permanent immigrants) after arrival, rather than in advance through an Austrian embassy/consulate.
The Czech Republic allows New Zealand citizens to apply for a work visa under a special scheme known as a 'Green Card' (rather than a 'Blue Card' or work permit which is required by most non-EU citizens). The application for a Green Card can be lodged at any Czech embassy/consulate (or, in some circumstances, within the Czech Republic if the applicant is already resident there) and is usually processed within 60 days.
As of 24 June 2014, it is no longer possible to apply for a green card. This type of permit was replaced 
Denmark permits New Zealand citizens intending to stay in the country for over 3 months to enter Denmark without a visa and to apply for a residence or work permit (excluding a working holiday residence permit) after arrival (whilst for many other non-EEA and Swiss citizens, an application for a residence permit and visa for a stay over 3 months must be lodged in advance at a Danish foreign mission). This is particularly useful as there is no Danish embassy or consulate in New Zealand that accepts residence or work permit applications - the nearest one is in Canberra in Australia.
Estonia permits New Zealand citizens to stay and work in Estonia for more than 90 days but less than 6 months as long as they obtain a category 'D' long-stay visa at a cost of €80 in advance at an Estonian foreign mission after the employer has completed a 'registration of short-term employment'. New Zealand citizens intending to stay and work in Estonia for more than 6 months can apply for a temporary residence permit for employment after arrival in the country.
Germany permits New Zealand citizens intending to stay in the country for over 3 months to enter without a visa and to apply for a residence permit after arrival (whilst for many other non-EEA and Swiss citizens, a residence permit and visa for a stay over 3 months must be applied for in advance at a German foreign mission).
Hungary allows New Zealand citizens who wish to stay for more than 90 days in the country to apply for a residence card from the regional directorate of the Office of Immigration and Nationality within 90 days of arrival and do not need to obtain a residence permit prior to arrival in Hungary (unlike most other non-EEA and Swiss foreign nationals). Family members (who are not New Zealand citizens) accompanying New Zealand citizens can apply for a residence permit after arriving in Hungary. For example, if a New Zealand citizen wishes to move to Hungary with her husband and her daughter (who are both Samoan citizens and not New Zealand citizens), all three of them can apply for a Hungarian residence permit after arriving in Hungary (although the husband and daughter will have to apply for a Schengen visa prior to travelling to Hungary).
Latvia permits new Zealand citizens intending to stay in the country for over 3 months as self-employed persons or as businesspersons to enter Latvia without a visa and to apply for a residence permit after arrival (whilst for many non-EEA and Swiss citizens, an application for a residence permit must be lodged in advance at a Latvian foreign mission).
Netherlands exempts New Zealand citizens from the requirement to obtain a Schengen category "D" visa (the visa issued for long term stays in The Netherlands of over 90 days, known in Dutch as the "MVV" visa) - an exemption which goes beyond the visa waiver afforded to most other non-EEA and non-Swiss foreign nationals who are usually only given a visa waiver of up to 90 days in a 180-day period.
Norway permits New Zealand citizens who have qualifications as a skilled worker to stay in the country without a visa for up to 6 months to seek employment as a skilled worker or a specialist (except as a religious leader/teacher or an ethnic cook), as long as they register with the police within 3 months of arriving in Norway.
Slovakia permits New Zealand citizens intending to stay in the country for over 3 months to enter Slovakia without a visa and to apply for a residence permit (excluding a working holiday residence permit) after arrival (whilst for many other non-EEA and Swiss citizens, an application for a residence permit and visa for a stay over 3 months must be lodged in advance at a Slovak foreign mission).
Switzerland offers New Zealand citizens a more generous visa exemption than that which Schengen rules normally provide for. Not only are New Zealand citizens able to spend 3 months visa-free in Switzerland, they can also stay for over 3 months (i.e. without time limit) without the need to apply for a visa. However, at a cantonal level, individual cantonal migration authorities may impose further requirements, such as the need to register for a residence permit, if a New Zealand citizen wants to take up employment or reside for over 3 months, in which case a residence permit must be applied for before entry to Switzerland.
New Zealand citizens are able to visit the United Kingdom for up to 6 months (or 3 months if they enter from the Republic of Ireland) without the need to apply for a visa as long as they fulfil all of the following criteria:
However, even though, strictly speaking, they are not required to apply for a visa if they satisfy all of the above criteria, New Zealand citizens who fall into any of the following categories have been strongly advised by the UK Border Agency (replaced by UK Visas and Immigration) to apply for a visa prior to travelling to the UK if:
New Zealand citizens who were born before 1983 and qualify for right of abode are able to live and work in the United Kingdom indefinitely.
New Zealand citizens with a grandparent born either in the United Kingdom, Channel Islands or Isle of Man at any time or in the Republic of Ireland on or before 31 March 1922 can apply for UK Ancestry Entry Clearance, which enables them to work in the UK for 5 years, after which they can apply to settle indefinitely.
New Zealand citizens aged 18 to 30 can apply for a Youth Mobility Scheme visa which allows them to pursue a working holiday in the UK for 2 years.
New Zealand citizens can study in the United Kingdom for up to 6 months as a student visitor without the need to apply for a visa as long as they do not work during this period. If attending a course which is longer than 6 months, New Zealand citizens can apply for a Tier 4 student visa in New Zealand or in the UK merely by completing the application form, quoting the Confirmation of Acceptance for Studies (CAS) reference number issued to them by their UK education provider and presenting evidence of care arrangements (if under the age of 18); they do not need to submit proof of sufficient funds, qualifications or English language ability (which most other foreign nationals need to demonstrate) as long as the UK education provider is recognised as a 'Highly Trusted' sponsor by the UK Border Agency. However, the UK Border Agency reserves the right to request such evidence in particular situations and New Zealand citizens must still present such evidence if applying for a Tier 4 student visa outside New Zealand or the UK. New Zealand citizens who have been issued with a Tier 4 student visa (but not those who are in the UK as student visitors) can work in the UK for up to 20 hours per week during term-time and without time restrictions outside term-time.
By virtue of the Trans-Tasman Travel Arrangement, New Zealand citizens are granted a Special Category Visa on arrival in Australia (which permits residence and work for an indefinite period) as long as:
The same privilege is extended to Australian citizens and PR holders.
Holders of an APEC Business Travel Card (ABTC) travelling on business do not require a visa to the following countries:
1 – up to 90 days
2 – up to 60 days
3 – up to 59 days
The card must be used in conjunction with a passport and has the following advantages:
Many countries have entry restrictions on foreigners that go beyond the common requirement of having either a valid visa or a visa exemption. Such restrictions may be health related or impose additional documentation requirements on certain classes of people for diplomatic or political purposes.
Many countries require a minimum number of blank pages to be available in the passport being presented, typically one or two pages. Endorsement pages, which often appear after the visa pages, are not counted as being available.
Many African countries, including Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Rwanda, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Uganda, and Zambia, require all incoming passengers to have a current International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis, as does the South American territory of French Guiana.
Some other countries require vaccination only if the passenger is coming from an infected area or has visited one recently.
An increasing number of countries have been imposing additional COVID-19 related health restrictions such as quarantine measures and testing requirements. Many countries will increasingly consider the vaccination status of travellers when deciding to allow them entry or not or require them to quarantine since recently published research shows that the Pfizer vaccine effect lasts for six months or so.
In the absence of specific bilateral agreements, countries requiring passports to be valid for at least 6 more months on arrival include Afghanistan, Algeria, Anguilla, Bahrain, Bhutan, Botswana, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Cayman Islands, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Curaçao, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Fiji, Gabon, Guinea Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Laos, Madagascar, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Mongolia, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Oman, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Peru. Philippines, Qatar, Rwanda, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Tanzania, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Tokelau, Tonga, Turkey, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, Vanuatu, Venezuela, and Vietnam.
Countries requiring passports valid for at least 4 months on arrival include Micronesia and Zambia.
Countries requiring passports with a validity of at least 3 months beyond the date of intended departure include Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Nauru, Moldova and New Zealand. Similarly, the EEA countries of Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, all European Union countries (except the Republic of Ireland) together with Switzerland also require 3 months validity beyond the date of the bearer's intended departure unless the bearer is an EEA or Swiss national.
Countries requiring passports valid for at least 3 months on arrival include Albania, Honduras, North Macedonia, Panama, and Senegal.
Bermuda requires passports to be valid for at least 45 days upon entry.
Countries that require a passport validity of at least one month beyond the date of intended departure include Eritrea, Hong Kong, Lebanon, Macau, the Maldives and South Africa.
Other countries, such as Japan, Ireland and the United Kingdom, require a passport valid throughout the period of the intended stay.
A very few countries, such as Paraguay, just require a passport valid on arrival.
Some countries have bilateral agreements with other countries to shorten the period of passport validity required for each other's citizens or even accept passports that have already expired (but not been cancelled).
Some countries, including Australia, Canada, Fiji, New Zealand and the United States, routinely deny entry to non-citizens who have a criminal record while others impose restrictions depending on the type of conviction and the length of the sentence.
The government of a country can declare a diplomat persona non grata, banning their entry into that country. In non-diplomatic use, the authorities of a country may also declare a foreigner persona non grata permanently or temporarily, usually because of unlawful activity.
Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Sudan, Syria, and Yemen do not allow entry to people with passport stamps from Israel or whose passports have either a used or an unused Israeli visa, or where there is evidence of previous travel to Israel such as entry or exit stamps from neighbouring border posts in transit countries such as Jordan and Egypt.
To circumvent this Arab League boycott of Israel, the Israeli immigration services have now mostly ceased to stamp foreign nationals' passports on either entry to or exit from Israel (unless the entry is for some work-related purposes). Since 15 January 2013, Israel no longer stamps foreign passports at Ben Gurion Airport. Passports are still (as of 22 June 2017[update]) stamped at Erez when passing into and out of Gaza.
The Saudi Commission for Tourism and National Heritage claims that having an Israeli stamp does not disqualify someone from visiting Saudi Arabia.
Iran refuses admission to holders of passports containing an Israeli visa or stamp that is less than 12 months old.
Main article: Armenia–Azerbaijan relations
Due to a state of war existing between Armenia and Azerbaijan, the government of Azerbaijan not only bars entry of Armenian citizens, but also all citizens and nationals of any other country who are of Armenian descent, into the Republic of Azerbaijan.
Azerbaijan also strictly bans any visit by foreign citizens to the separatist region of Nagorno-Karabakh (the de facto independent Republic of Artsakh), its surrounding territories, and the Azerbaijani exclaves of Karki, Yuxarı Əskipara, Barxudarlı, and Sofulu which are de jure part of Azerbaijan but under the control of Armenia, without the prior consent of the government of Azerbaijan. Foreign citizens who enter these territories will be permanently banned from entering the Republic of Azerbaijan and will be included in their "list of personae non gratae". As of 2 September 2019,[update] the list mentioned 852 people.
Upon request, the authorities of the largely unrecognised Republic of Artsakh may attach their visa and/or stamps to a separate piece of paper in order to avoid detection of travel to their territory.
See also: Countries applying biometrics
Several countries mandate that all travellers, or all foreign travellers, be fingerprinted on arrival and will refuse admission to or even arrest travellers who refuse to comply. In some countries, such as the United States, this may apply even to transit passengers who merely wish to quickly change planes rather than go landside.
Fingerprinting countries include Afghanistan, Argentina, Brunei, Cambodia, China, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, India, Japan, Kenya (both fingerprints and a photo are taken), Malaysia upon entry and departure, Paraguay, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand, Uganda and the United States.
Many countries also require a photo be taken of people entering the country. The United States, which does not fully implement exit control formalities at its land frontiers (although long mandated by its legislature),   intends to implement facial recognition for passengers departing from international airports to identify people who overstay their visa.
Together with fingerprint and face recognition, iris scanning is one of three biometric identification technologies internationally standardised since 2006 by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) for use in e-passports and the United Arab Emirates conducts iris scanning on visitors who need to apply for a visa.
See List of diplomatic missions of New Zealand.
According to the statistics these are the numbers of New Zealand visitors to various countries per annum in 2015 (unless otherwise noted):
|Foreign travel statistics|
|Destination||Number of New Zealand visitors|
|American Samoa[note 1]||3,005|
|Antigua and Barbuda[note 1]||180|
|Austria[note 2][note 3]||19,900|
|Barbados[note 2][note 3]||404|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina[note 3]||771|
|Cayman Islands[note 1][note 5]||383|
|Cook Islands[note 1]||107,585|
|Costa Rica[note 1]||2,924|
|French Polynesia[note 1]||9,392|
|Macedonia[note 3][note 2]||306|
|Marshall Islands[note 1]||132|
|Montenegro[note 7][note 2]||651|
|New Caledonia[note 1]||10,254|
|Papua New Guinea[note 1]||7,322|
|Serbia[note 1][note 2]||1,220|
|Slovakia[note 3][note 2]||1,209|
|Slovenia[note 1][note 2]||5,986|
|Solomon Islands[note 1]||1,696|
|South Korea[note 1]||33,088|
|Sri Lanka[note 1]||10,332|
|Timor-Leste[note 1][note 9]||1,057|
|United Kingdom[note 1]||143,000|
|United States[note 1][note 10]||371,173|
This graph shows the full Global Ranking of the 2019 Henley Passport Index. In certain cases, a rank is shared by multiple countries because these countries all have the same level of visa-free or visa-on-arrival access.
If you are a New Zealand citizen and you have untreated tuberculosis - you may be considered HCNC and will be required to apply for a visa prior to travel to Australia. [...] If you are a New Zealand citizen and you have had any criminal convictions in your lifetime, or you have been deported, excluded or removed from any country, including Australia, you may be considered BCNC.
He said scientists had become “terribly worried” about the variant’s ability to evade immunity from previous infection or vaccination. “Studies like this confirm our sense that the vaccine gives such massive protective headroom that even with some loss of immunity, you’re still safe,” he said.
15. How long does my passport need to be valid in order to enter Japan? Japan does not have any regulations relating to passport validity, so long as your passport will be valid until after you leave Japan.
You’re not from an EEA country: you must have a valid passport to enter the UK. It should be valid for the whole of your stay.
Countries whose citizens are allowed to enter Turkey with their expired passports: 1. Germany – Passports expired within the last year / ID’s expired within the last year, 2. Belgium - Passports expired within the last 5 years, 3. France - Passports expired within the last 5 years, 4. Spain - Passports expired within the last 5 years, 5. Switzerland - Passports expired within the last 5 years, 6. Luxemburg - Passports expired within the last 5 years, 7. Portugal - Passports expired within the last 5 years, 8. Bulgaria – Valid ordinary passport
Travellers heading west from the UK to New Zealand may soon be able to avoid the onerous requirement to clear US border control during the refuelling stop at Los Angeles airport (LAX). Unlike almost every other country in the world, the US insists on a full immigration check even for passengers who simply intend to re-board their plane to continue onwards to a foreign destination. Air New Zealand, which flies daily from Heathrow via Los Angeles to Auckland, says there are currently “strict requirements for travellers” in transit at LAX. Through passengers to Auckland on flight NZ1 or Heathrow on NZ2 must apply in advance for an ESTA (online visa) even though they have no intention of staying in the US. They also have to undergo screening by the Transportation Security Administration.
Effective April 27, 2018, border control authorities at all of China’s ports of entry, including its airports, will start collecting the fingerprints of all foreign visitors aged between 14 and 70. Diplomatic passport holders and beneficiaries of reciprocal agreements are exempted..
Will visitors still have their digital photo and fingerprints taken at the immigration desk on arrival? Yes, the need to have photos and fingerprints taken upon arrival is to authenticate that the person who applied for the Visa is the same person at the port of entry
While a requirement for a biometric entry-exit system has been in law for over a decade, it is not yet a reality. Many reasons for the long gestating development have been documented in BPC’s 2014 report Entry-Exit System: Progress, Challenges, and Outlook, including the technological, operational, and cost challenges of creating exit systems and infrastructure where none exist today. However, many critics, especially in Congress, simply accused the Department of Homeland security of dragging its feet... the major operational, logistical, and technical challenge in implementing exit capability at our ports has been the land borders. Unlike airports and seaports, the land border environment is not physically controlled, there is no means to get advance information on who is arriving, and the sheer volume of travel—both vehicular and pedestrian—creates challenges in any system to not further exacerbate delays. While biometric exit for land vehicular traffic is still in the “what if” stage, CBP is moving ahead and piloting systems and technology to use with the large population of pedestrian crossers at the U.S.-Mexico border.
Long demanded by lawmakers in Congress, it is considered a critical step to developing a coherent program to curb illegal immigration, as historically about 30 percent to 40 percent of illegal immigrants in the United States arrived on tourist visas or other legal means and then never left, according to estimates by Homeland Security officials.
Efforts to determine whether visitors actually leave have faltered. Departure monitoring would help officials hunt for foreigners who have not left, if necessary. Domestic security officials say, however, it would be too expensive to conduct fingerprint or facial recognition scans for land departures.
The breach of privacy is probably the biggest threat to the biometric technique of iris recognition. Secondly, a device error can false reject or false accept the identity which can also have some heinous consequences. Lastly, the method isn’t the most cost-effective one. It is complex and therefore expensive. Furthermore, the maintenance of devices and data can also be relatively burdensome. However, thanks to the oil money and spending ability of Dubai, they are economically equipped to effectively embrace this system.