Vishwa Gopal Jhingran
Born1919
Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
Died15 January 1991
OccupationZoologist, aquaculture scientist
Known forAquaculture techniques
AwardsPadma Shri
Rafi Ahmed Kidwai Memorial Prize

Vishwa Gopal Jhingran (1919–1991) was an Indian zoologist and aquaculture scientist,[1] known for the introduction of a composite fish culture technique by name, aquaplosion.[2] He was a recipient of the fourth highest Indian civilian award of Padma Shri from the Government of India in 1977.[3]

Chilka Lake
Chilka Lake

Biography

Born in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh in 1919, Jhingran secured his doctoral degree (PhD) from Stanford University, USA in 1948.[2] He served as the director of the Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute (CIFRI), Barrackpore where he was known to have introduced pioneering techniques in aquaculture. His contributions have been reported in the propagation of Mrigal carp and the fish tagging operations in Chilka lake, a large brackish water lagoon in Odisha, India.[2] He was the author of a voluminous work on fisheries, Fish and Fisheries of India[4] and a manual of hatching techniques, A Hatchery Manual for the Common, Chinese, and Indian Major Carps.[5] He also published handbooks and several monographs on various Indian fish species.[6]

Jhingran was the president of the Inland Fisheries Society of India and chaired the Food and Agriculture Organization sponsored symposium on Development and Utilization of Indian Fisheries Resources held in Colombo in 1976.[2] A member of Sigma Xi, USA, Jihngran was a fellow of the Zoological Society of India, the Indian National Science Academy[2] and the National Academy of Sciences, India.[7] He was a recipient of the Rafi Ahmed Kidwai Memorial Prize in 1973 and the civilian honour of Padma Shri in 1976.[2]

Vishwa Gopal Jhingran died on 15 January 1991 at the age of 71.[2]

Bibliography

See also

References

  1. ^ Syed Hasib Ahmad, ed. (1998). Advances in fisheries and fish production : Dr. V.G. Jhingran commemorative volume. Hindustan Pub. Corp. p. 309. ISBN 8170750539.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "Deceased Fellow". Indian National Science Academy. 2015. Retrieved June 25, 2015.
  3. ^ "Padma Shri" (PDF). Padma Shri. 2015. Retrieved June 18, 2015.
  4. ^ a b V. G. Jhingran (1975). Fish and Fisheries of India. Hindustan Publishing Corporation (India). p. 954.
  5. ^ a b V. G. Jhingran, Roger S. V. Pullin (1985). A Hatchery Manual for the Common, Chinese, and Indian Major Carps. WorldFish. p. 191. ISBN 9789711022174.
  6. ^ "Google Books profile". 2015. Retrieved June 25, 2015.
  7. ^ "Deceased Honorary Fellows, Foreign Fellows and Fellows". National Academy of Sciences, India. 2015. Retrieved June 25, 2015.
  8. ^ V. G. Jhingran (1987). Introduction to Aquaculture. Food and Agriculture Organization.
  9. ^ V. G. Jhingran (1996). Synopsis of Biological Data on Catla: Catla Catla. Food and Agriculture Organization. p. 84.
  10. ^ V. G. Jhingran (1978). Coldwater Fisheries of India. Inland Fisheries Society of India. p. 239.
  11. ^ V.G. Jhingran, H.A. Khan (1979). Synopsis of Biological Data on the Migral Cirrhinus Mrigala. Food and Agriculture Organization. p. 78.
  12. ^ V. G. Jhingran (1972). Methodology for Survey of Brackishwater Areas in India for Coastal Aquaculture. Indo-Pacific Fisheries Council. p. 36.
  13. ^ V. G. Jhingran, V. Gopalakrishnan (1974). Catalogue of Cultivated Aquatic Organisms. Food and Agriculture Organization. p. 83.
  14. ^ V. G. Jhingran, H. A. Khan (1979). Synopsis of biological data on the mrigal, Cirrhinus mrigala. Food and Agriculture Organization. p. 78.
  15. ^ H. A. Khan, V. G. Jhingran (1975). Synopsis of Biological Data on Rohu, Labeo Rohita. Food and Agriculture Organization. p. 100. ISBN 9789251018941.