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Voiceless palatal implosive

A voiceless palatal implosive is a rare consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ⟨ ʄ̊ ⟩ or ⟨cʼ↓⟩. A dedicated IPA letter, ⟨ƈ⟩, was withdrawn in 1993.


Features of the voiceless palatal implosive:


A rare and evidently unstable sound, /ʄ̊/ is attested from the Serer language of Senegal, and the dedicated letter ⟨ࢢ⟩ is given for the language's Arabic script orthography, as well as ⟨ƈ⟩ for its Latin script orthography, also found in Ngiti[1] and Lendu.[2]

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Lendu [example needed]
Ngiti tdyɛ̀kɛ̀ [káʄ̥ɛ̀kɛ̀] 'sorghum' Contrasts voiced implosive /ʄ/, and voiceless, voiced, and prenasalised plosives /c/, /ɟ/, /ᶮɟ/.[3]: 34 
Serer [example needed]

See also


  1. ^ "Phoible 2.0 -".
  2. ^ "Phoible 2.0 -".
  3. ^ Kutsch Lojenga, Constance (1994). Ngiti: a Central-Sudanic language of Zaire (PhD). Köln: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag.