This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in German. (January 2013) Click [show] for important translation instructions. View a machine-translated version of the German article. Machine translation like DeepL or Google Translate is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary Content in this edit is translated from the existing German Wikipedia article at [[:de:Volkssozialistische Bewegung Deutschlands/Partei der Arbeit]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template ((Translated|de|Volkssozialistische Bewegung Deutschlands/Partei der Arbeit)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.
People's Socialist Movement of Germany/Labour Party

Volkssozialistische Bewegung Deutschlands/Partei der Arbeit
LeaderFriedhelm Busse
Succeeded byNationalist Front (Germany)
Political positionFar-right

The Volkssozialistische Bewegung Deutschlands/Partei der Arbeit (VSBD/PdA) or People's Socialist Movement of Germany/Labour Party was a German neo-Nazi organization led by Friedhelm Busse.

Founded in 1971 and banned in 1982, it used a stylized eagle on a shield bearing a stylized Celtic cross and the Wolfsangel as its party emblems. At a time when the far-right in Germany was distancing itself from mainstream Nazism, the VSBD/PdA took the lead by supporting Strasserism, the more socialist-leaning version of Nazism.[1] The Junge Front (Young Front), a youth movement attached to the party, was also organised.[2]

Despite its name, the movement was not a registered party, which allowed the German Minister of the Interior to ban it in 1982 as an organization opposing the constitution. Usage of the stylized Celtic cross was outlawed as well unless used in an innocuous context.[3] Soon afterwards, many of its former members founded the Nationalist Front, which can be seen as a successor to the VSBD/PdA.


  1. ^ C.T. Husbands, 'Militant Neo-Nazism in the Federal Republic of Germany' in L. Cheles, R. Ferguson & M. Vaughan, Neo-Fascism in Europe, 1992, pp. 99–100.
  2. ^ P. Davies & D. Lynch, The Routledge Companion to Fascism and the Far Right, London: Routledge, 2002. p. 300.
  3. ^ Isoliertes Verwenden eines stilisierten Keltenkreuzes grundsätzlich strafbar, press release of the Bundesgerichtshof, 14 November 2008. (in German).