Volkswagen Transporter
2017 Volkswagen Transporter BlueMotion.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerVolkswagen Commercial Vehicles
Also calledVolkswagen Type 2 (until 2002)
ProductionNovember 1949 – present
AssemblyGermany: Hanover
Body and chassis
ClassLight commercial vehicle/Large MPV (Multivan/Caravelle) (M)
Body styleVan (cargo/passenger)
Pick-up
Minibus
Crew cab
chassis cab
Campervan

The Volkswagen Transporter, based on the Volkswagen Group's T platform, now in its seventh generation, refers to a series of vans produced for over 70 years and marketed worldwide.

The T series is now considered an official Volkswagen Group automotive platform.[1][2] and generations are sequentially named T1, T2, T3, T4, T5, T6 and T7. Pre-dating the T platform designations, the first three generations were named Type 2, indicating their relative position to the Type 1, or Beetle. As part of the T platform, the first three generations are retroactively named T1, T2 and T3.

The Transporter is the best-selling van in history with over 12 million units sold worldwide,[3] and it comprises a gamut of variants including vans, minivans, minibuses, pick-ups and campervans. Competitors include the Ford Transit, Toyota HiAce and Mercedes-Benz Vito.

Type 2

T1 (1949)

Volkswagen Type2 (T1)
Volkswagen Type2 (T1)
Volkswagen Type2 (T1)
Volkswagen Type2 (T1)

Main article: Volkswagen Type 2 (T1)

Initially derived from the Volkswagen Type 1 (Volkswagen Beetle), the Volkswagen Type 2 (T1) was the first generation of Volkswagen's Transporter family.

T2 (1967)

Volkswagen Type2 (T2)
Volkswagen Type2 (T2)
T2b Camper
T2b Camper

Main article: Volkswagen Type 2 (T2)

The Volkswagen T2 platform[2] was marketed from 1967 through 1979 model years, with a Volkswagen Type 4 engine optionally available from 1972 on.

T3 (1979)

Volkswagen Type2 (T3)
Volkswagen Type2 (T3)
Volkswagen Type2 (T3)
Volkswagen Type2 (T3)

Main article: Volkswagen Type 2 (T3)

The Volkswagen (Type 2) T3 Transporter, also known as T25 in the UK or VW Vanagon in the United States, was introduced in 1979. The T3 Transporter was one of the last all-new bodied Volkswagen platforms that still used an air-cooled, rear-engine design.

Compared to its predecessor, (the T2), the T3 was sturdier and heavier, with a slightly larger, much more square and boxy body, that offered more usable interior space than the original models' rounded front side, roof, and edges. The T3, with its front now folding sharply along a horizontal middle axis, instead of the old model's curve, is sometimes called "the wedge" by enthusiasts, to differentiate it from earlier VW "Kombis".

The Volkswagen air-cooled boxer engine was supplanted by a water-cooled one – though still rear-mounted – in 1983. Both Porsche and Oettinger built six-cylinder versions of the T3 Transporter in very small numbers, with the Porsche-built version achieving a top speed around 200 km/h (125 mph).

A four-wheel drive Syncro model was introduced, premiering in January 1985.[4]

While production of the T3 ended in Europe with the Syncro produced in Austria until 1992, the T3 was also produced in South Africa, until 2002.

Transporter/Multivan

T4 (1990)

Volkswagen Transporter (T4)
Volkswagen Transporter (T4)
Volkswagen Transporter (T4)
Volkswagen Transporter (T4)

Main article: Volkswagen Transporter (T4)

The first officially designated "T platform" vehicle, the Volkswagen Transporter (T4)[1] dramatically updated the Volkswagen van line by using a front-mounted, front-wheel drive, water-cooled engine. The T4 was marketed in North America as the Volkswagen Eurovan.

T5 (2003)

Main article: Volkswagen Transporter (T5)

2003–2009 (pre-facelift)

Volkswagen Transporter (T5)
Volkswagen Transporter (T5)
Volkswagen Transporter (T5)
Volkswagen Transporter (T5)

The Volkswagen Transporter (T5)[1][2] is a variant of the Volkswagen T platform. In North America it is sold in Mexico but neither in the United States nor Canada. As with other light trucks, the T5 range would face a 25% tariff, known as the chicken tax, if imported to the US.

2009–2015 (facelift)

Volkswagen Transporter (T5; facelift)
Volkswagen Transporter (T5; facelift)
Volkswagen Transporter (T5; facelift)
Volkswagen Transporter (T5; facelift)

The Transporter T5 range received a facelift in late 2009. Updated powertrain options include common rail diesel engines, and a world-first usage in a light commercial vehicle of a dual clutch transmission – namely Volkswagen Group's 7-speed Direct-Shift Gearbox (DSG).

T6 (2016)

Volkswagen Transporter (T6)
Volkswagen Transporter (T6)
Volkswagen Transporter (T6)
Volkswagen Transporter (T6)

Main article: Volkswagen Transporter (T6)

In 2016, Volkswagen released the T6 Transporter which is based on the T5 Transporter. A refreshed version was first shown in 2019 as the T6.1 Transporter.

T7 (2022)

Volkswagen Multivan (T7)
Volkswagen T7 Multivan PHEV IMG 5733.jpg
Overview
Production2021–present
AssemblyGermany: Hanover
Body and chassis
Body style5-door MPV
LayoutFront-engine, front-wheel-drive
PlatformVolkswagen Group MQB Evo
Powertrain
Engine
Transmission
  • 6-speed DSG (eHybrid)
  • 7-speed DSG
Dimensions
Wheelbase3,124 mm (123.0 in)
Length4,973–5,173 mm (195.8–203.7 in)
Width1,941 mm (76.4 in)
Height1,887–1,907 mm (74.3–75.1 in)
Curb weight1,941–2,257 kg (4,279–4,976 lb)

In June 2021, Volkswagen unveiled a new passenger van as the "T7 Multivan" to replace the Caravelle, slated to go on sale in Europe in 2022. The Multivan is built on the MQB platform and will offer a plug-in hybrid version as well as both gasoline and diesel engine options.[5]

For commercial markets (cargo/panel van), the T6.1 Transporter will continue in production until 2023.[6] The commercial van successor to the T6.1 Transporter will be built as a sibling of the Ford Transit Custom at Ford Otosan in Turkey. Both the VW and Ford vans will be offered with diesel, mild hybrid, plug-in hybrid, or all-electric drivetrains.[7] Sales are expected to begin in 2024.[8]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "Europe's slight rise & anticipated decline – Auto by the Numbers – car sales, production in Western Europe – Illustration – Statistical Data Included". Automotive Design & Production, April 2002 by Mark Fulthorpe / Gardner Publications, Inc. / Gale Group. CBS Interactive Business UK. 2002. Retrieved 17 December 2009.
  2. ^ a b c "Im Fokus: Volkswagen – Kernkompetenz: Sparen" (PDF). CSM Worldwide (in German). Automobil-Produktion.de. March 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 17 December 2009.
  3. ^ "Top 20 best-selling vans of all time". Parkers Van News. Bauer Media. 2015. Retrieved 12 August 2015.
  4. ^ Verhelle, Tony (7 February 1985). "63e salon voor bedrijfsvoertuigen: Geen schokkende dingen" [The 63rd commercial vehicle exhibition: Nothing shocking]. De AutoGids (in Flemish). Brussels, Belgium: Uitgeverij Auto-Magazine. 6 (140): 19.
  5. ^ Vijayenthiran, Viknesh (11 June 2021). "Volkswagen's T7-generation van debuts in Multivan guise". Motor Authority. US. Retrieved 18 August 2021.
  6. ^ Hubbard, CJ (18 June 2021). "New VW Multivan – the Caravelle replacement project". Car. Retrieved 18 November 2022.
  7. ^ Page, Felix (16 March 2021). "2023 Ford Transit Custom, VW Transporter to gain EV versions". Autocar. Retrieved 18 November 2022.
  8. ^ Mathioudakis, Byron (9 July 2022). "Where's the prenup! The Ford Ranger-based 2023 VW Amarok is one of many unlikely hookups that even saw the birth of a VW-made Toyota HiLux!". Cars Guide Australia. Retrieved 18 November 2022.