FoundersAlec and Mora Dickson
TypeInternational development charity
  • Worldwide

VSO is a not-for-profit international development organization charity with a vision for "a fair world for everyone" and a mission to "create lasting change through volunteering".[1] VSO delivers development impact[clarification needed] through a blended volunteer model consisting of international, national, and community volunteers working together to develop the systems and conditions for positive social change.[2] In 2022–23, VSO worked in 35 countries in Africa and Asia.[3]

VSO currently works in the following core programme areas:

And through three core approaches that are relevant to all the areas:

In addition, VSO has a youth focus in which young people are both the beneficiaries of social change outcomes as well as the primary actors in creating the change.

Structure and governance

VSO (formerly known as Voluntary Service Overseas) is a company limited by guarantee. VSO operates internationally largely through branch offices. Exceptions to this are:

VSO's governing body is the International Board, currently comprising seven trustees. The day-to-day management of VSO is carried out by the executive board, which has operational oversight of VSO's global work. Each Executive Board member is responsible for a function of VSO: People, Programmes, Business Development, and Finance.[4]


VSO was founded in 1958 by Alec and Mora Dickson through a bishop's letter to the London paper,[5] The Sunday Times, as an educational experience overseas for school-leavers, initially only male, before starting university. Volunteers offered unskilled help in return for basic accommodation and pocket money. In 1962, the practice changed to using university graduate volunteers.[6]

By 1980, the unskilled volunteers had been completely phased out and the length of service had been extended to two years.[7] Active volunteer numbers initially dropped to about 750, but by 2003 had returned to about 1,400. Since December 2004, applications to volunteer have been accepted from those between ages 20 and 75, who also must have at least two years' experience in their field.

In the early 1990s, in order to meet growing demand for highly specialised and skilled volunteers from its partners in developing countries, VSO established partner agencies in Canada, the Netherlands, Kenya/Uganda (VSO Jitolee), and the Philippines (VSO Bahaginan).[8] In 2004, VSO launched a partnership called iVolunteer Overseas (iVO) in India with iVolunteer, an existing volunteering program of MITRA, an Indian NGO. VSO's structure evolved to become an international federation which now includes Ireland, China and India as well as the above named countries.[9] International volunteers are recruited through all of these bases, and they can be placed in any one of VSO's programmes (e.g. an Irish volunteer working in Nepal, or a Ugandan volunteer working in Tajikistan).[10]

From 2011, VSO led a consortium to deliver the UK government's International Citizen Service programme that provides international volunteer placements for 18- to 25-year-olds.[11] The programme, funded by the Department for International Development (DFID), now includes Raleigh International and Restless Development. In 2016/17, 3,090 young people volunteered through the International Citizen Service programme.[11]

In 2017, VSO was awarded a grant of £50 million from the UK's Department of International Development (DFID) for a program called "Volunteering for Development". The three-year initiative aims to improve quality and access to health and education services as well as livelihood opportunities for the most poor and vulnerable, and targets more than 2 million of the poorest and most marginalised people across the globe. The grant supports VSO's vision to enhance effectiveness across a number of vital areas - including in VSO's "core approaches" of social inclusion and gender, social accountability, and resilience. During its first year the project successfully placed 606 international volunteers and 920 national volunteers across VSO's four areas of focus.[11]


Highlights of VSO today include:


VSO works with local partners in the communities they work with, placing volunteers with these partners to help increase their impact and effectiveness. VSO also works with corporate partners, such as Randstad.[14] and Syngenta with whom it is working to build the livelihoods of poor and marginalised farmers in Bangladesh.[2]

See also


  1. ^ Voluntary Service Overseas. "A fair world for everyone: Annual report and accounts 2018/19" (PDF).
  2. ^ a b c d Voluntary Service Overseas. "Leave No One Behind: Annual report and accounts 2017/18" (PDF).
  3. ^ a b "VSO Impact Report 2022/23" (PDF). VSO. 2023-08-29.
  4. ^ "Structure and governance". VSO. Retrieved 23 May 2024.
  5. ^ Deeley, S. (25 November 2014). Critical Perspectives on Service-Learning in Higher Education. p. 16. ISBN 9781137383259.
  6. ^ "Volunteering". University of Bradford. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
  7. ^ "Good to meet you… Tom Jackson". The Guardian. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
  8. ^ "Putting children first: transforming education in Cambodia". VSO Bahaginan. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
  9. ^ "Dublin doctor helping Africans most in need". The Irish Times. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
  10. ^ "History Voluntary Service Overseas (VSO)". Official website. Retrieved 3 April 2015.
  11. ^ a b c International Citizen Service. "Annual Report 2016–2017" (PDF).
  12. ^ home-based early childhood care and education (ECCE) in emergencies
  13. ^ "Equality in education for girls". VSO. 2018-03-20. Retrieved 2019-04-23.
  14. ^ "VSO (Voluntary Service Overseas)". Randstad Holding. Retrieved 3 April 2015.

Further reading