SBU
Vought SBU-1.jpg
A SBU-1 of Scouting Squadron 41
Role Dive bomber
National origin United States
Manufacturer Vought
First flight May 1933
Primary user United States Navy
Number built 125
Developed from Vought XF3U
Developed into Vought XSB3U

The Vought SBU-1 Corsair was a two-seat, all-metal biplane dive bomber built by Vought Aircraft Company of Dallas, Texas for the US Navy. Its design was based upon the F3U-1 two-seat fighter that was abandoned when the Navy decided not to obtain any more two-seat fighters.

Design and development

The aircraft was equipped with a closed cockpit, had fixed landing gear, and was powered by a Pratt & Whitney R-1535 radial air-cooled engine as had the F3U-1, but also included a controllable pitch propeller and a new NACA cowl with adjustable cowling gills on the trailing edge of the cowl. The adjustable cowling gills permitted better control of cooling airflow over the engine.

The SBU-1 completed flight tests in 1934 and went into production under a contract awarded in January 1935. The Corsair was the first aircraft of its type, a scout bomber, to fly faster than 200 mph. The last SBU Corsairs were retired from active service in 1941, being reassigned as trainers.[1]

The name "Corsair" was used several times by Vought's planes; the O2U/O3U, SBU, F4U, and the A-7 Corsair II.

Operators

 Argentina
 United States

Variants

XF3U-1
Two-seat fighter prototype with a 700 hp R-1535-64 engine.[2]
XSBU-1
The XF3U-1 converted to scout bomber prototype with a 700 hp R-1535-96 engine, later used as an engine test bed.[3]
SBU-1
Original production order; 84 aircraft with 750 hp R-1535-82 engine.[3]
SBU-2
Follow-on order; 40 aircraft with R-1535-98 engines.[3]
Model V.142A
Export version for Argentina.[3]

Specifications (SBU-1)

Data from United States Navy Aircraft since 1911 [4]

General characteristics

Performance

Armament

Notes

  1. ^ Johnson 2008, p. 306.
  2. ^ Andrade 1979, p. 192
  3. ^ a b c d Andrade 1979, p. 222
  4. ^ Swanborough and Bowers 1976, p. 396.

Bibliography

Media related to Vought SBU Corsair at Wikimedia Commons