Graph depicting the estimated number of slaves imported from Africa to the Americas from 1501 to 1866[citation needed]
Graph depicting the estimated number of slaves imported from Africa to the Americas from 1501 to 1866[citation needed]

Voyages: The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Database is a database run by researchers at Emory University which aims to present all documentary material pertaining to the transatlantic slave trade. It is a sister project to African Origins.[1]

The database breaks down the kingdoms or countries who engaged in the Atlantic trade, summarized in the following table:[2]

By 2008, the project had gathered data on nearly 35,000 transatlantic slave voyages from 1501 to 1867. For each voyage they sought to establish dates, owners, vessels, captains, African visits, American destinations, numbers of slaves embarked, and numbers landed. They have been able to find much of this material for an estimated 80 percent of the entire transatlantic African slave trade. With corrections for missing voyages, the Projrct has estimated the entire size of the transatlantic slave trade with more comprehension, precision, and accuracy than before. They reckon that in 366 years, slaving vessels embarked about 12.5 million captives in Africa, and landed 10.7 million in the New World. A horrific discovery is a careful estimate that the Middle Passage took a toll of more than 1.8 million African lives. In this quantitative database, the numbers are enslaved people. [3]

Participation in the trans-Atlantic slave trade
Spain Portugal Great Britain Netherlands U.S.A. France Denmark
1,061,524 5,848,266 3,259,441 554,336 305,326 1,381,404 111,040

See also

References

  1. ^ "New Website to Trace Origins of Enslaved Africans". Emory University. April 25, 2011. Retrieved April 12, 2019.
  2. ^ Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade - Estimates
  3. ^ "How Empirical Databases Have Changed Our Understanding of Early American Slavery" by David Hackett Fischer, LitHub Weekly, June 2, 2022