|Clockwise from top: red fox, bat-eared fox, tanuki|
Hemprich and Ehrenberg, 1832
Vulpini is a taxonomic rank which represents the fox-like tribe of the subfamily Caninae (the canines), and is sister to the dog-like tribe Canini.
|Nyctereutes Temminck, 1838||
|Otocyon S. Müller, 1835|
|Vulpes Garsault, 1764||
|†Ferrucyon Ruiz-Ramoni et al., 2020|
|†Metalopex S. Müller, 1835|
|†Prototocyon Pohle, 1928|
The taxonomy of Carnivora in general and Canidae in particular correlates with various diagnostic features of the dentition and basicranium. Rergarding Vulpini, Tedford has remarked:
These small canids are distinguished from all other Caninae in possessing a wide paroccipital process that is broadly sutured to the posterior surface of the bulla with a short and laterally turned free tip that barely extends below the body of the process. The presence of a metaconule and postprotocrista on M2 of vulpines represents the culmination of a reversal that began with late Leptocyon species to resume the form of the primitive canine M2.
The cladogram below is based on the phylogeny of Lindblad-Toh (2005) modified to incorporate recent findings on Vulpes.