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Vyshhorod
Вишгород
Skyline of Vyshhorod
Vyshhorod
Vyshhorod
Vyshhorod
Vyshhorod
Coordinates: 50°35′0″N 30°30′0″E / 50.58333°N 30.50000°E / 50.58333; 30.50000
Country Ukraine
Oblast
Kyiv Oblast
Raion
Vyshhorodskyi Raion
Founded946
City rights1968
Government
 • MayorOleksiy Momot[1]
Area
 • Total8.7 km2 (3.4 sq mi)
Population
 (2001)
 • Total22,933
 • Density2,635/km2 (6,820/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
07300 — 07304
Area code(s)+380 4596
Websitevyshgorod.osp-ua.info

Vyshhorod (Ukrainian: Ви́шгород) is a city in Kyiv Oblast (region) in central Ukraine, the immediate northern suburb to the national capital Kyiv, located upstream along the Dnieper River. It serves as the administrative center of Vyshhorod Raion. Its population is approximately 32,396 (2020 est.)[2].

Vyshhorod is a historical town that experienced rises and declines over the centuries. It is now a notable industrial center as well as a growing bedroom community for Kyiv.

Geography and climate

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Vyshhorod is located on a hilly right bank of the Dnieper River adjoining the dam of the Kyiv Reservoir.

History

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Borysohlibska Church (Church of Saints Borys and Hlib) in Vyshhorod.
Borysohlibska Church (Church of Saints Borys and Hlib) in Vyshhorod.
Remains of the ancient walls of Vyshhorod
Remains of the ancient walls of Vyshhorod
View of Kyiv Reservoir near Vyshhorod
View of Kyiv Reservoir near Vyshhorod
Monument in Vyshorod WW2 museum
Monument in Vyshorod WW2 museum


The earliest historical mention of Vyshhorod (the name literally translates as "the town upstream") dates from as early as 946, when it was described as the favourite residence of Saint Olga. Also mentioned in De Administrando Imperio, Vyshhorod served as the fortified castle and residence of the monarchs of Kievan Rus' on the Dnieper from that time until 1240, when the Mongols sacked it. At Vyshhorod Vladimir the Great (reigned 980 to 1015) kept a harem of 300 concubines.

After the Mongol invasion, the location does not appear in the records again until 1523 - and even then it was documented as a poor village. Vyshhorod grew considerably following the construction of the hydroelectric Kyiv power plant and was finally incorporated as a town in 1968.

In 1934-37 and 1947 the archaeological remnants of the medieval town were excavated. The most striking find was the basement of the eight-pillared Church of St. Basil, founded by Vladimir the Great and named after his patron saint. As the church was one of the largest in Kievan Rus', it took twenty years to complete it. Before the Mongol invasion the church housed the relics of the first East Slavic saints, Boris and Gleb, but their subsequent fate remains a mystery. The ancient Cossack military monastery, the Mezhyhirskyi Monastery, stood not too far away from the city.

Industry

There are more than 1500 enterprises and companies functioning today in Vyshhorod, most important of them being the Kyiv Hydroelectric Power Plant, the Kyiv Pumped Storage Power Plant (both divisions of the Ukrhydroenergo) and a building materials factory controlled by the Henkel.

Transportation

Vyshhorod is connected to the Kyiv and other destinations mainly by roads. There is also a non-electrified terminus rail connection to Kyiv used for both freight transport and peak hour commuter passenger service. City's riverport facilities are used for local industrial purposes only. Jitney buses run between Vyshhorod and the Heroiv Dnipra station of the Kyiv Metro's Obolonsko–Teremkivska line.

Sports

In 2011, Vyshhorod was the first Ukrainian city to host the F1 Powerboat World Championship motorboat race,[3] which is announced to become annual event in the city.[citation needed]

Twin towns – sister cities

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Ukraine

Vyshhorod is twinned with:[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Оголошено переможця на виборах мера Вишгорода" (in Ukrainian). Glavcom. 3 November 2020. Retrieved 3 November 2020.
  2. ^ "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 30 September 2020.
  3. ^ Grand Prix of Ukraine: Kiev, 29 & 30 July
  4. ^ "Міста побратими". vyshgorod-rada.gov.ua (in Ukrainian). Vyshhorod. Retrieved 30 March 2020.

Coordinates: 50°35′N 30°30′E / 50.583°N 30.500°E / 50.583; 30.500