WHUR-FM
WHUR.png
Washington, D.C.
Broadcast areaMetro D.C.
Frequency96.3 MHz (HD Radio)
Branding96.3 WHUR
Programming
FormatUrban adult contemporary
Subchannels
Ownership
OwnerHoward University
WHUT-TV
History
First air date
1939 (W3XO experimental)
September 1946
Former call signs
W3XO (1939–1946)
WINX-FM (1946–1949)
WTOP-FM (1949–1971)[1]
Former frequencies
43.2 MHz (1939–1947)
44.7 MHz (1947)
92.9 MHz (1946–1947)[1]
Call sign meaning
Howard University Radio
Technical information
Facility ID65707
ClassB (Non-commercial)
ERP16,500 watts
HAAT244 meters
Transmitter coordinates
38°57′01″N 77°04′46″W / 38.950389°N 77.079417°W / 38.950389; -77.079417Coordinates: 38°57′01″N 77°04′46″W / 38.950389°N 77.079417°W / 38.950389; -77.079417
Links
WebcastListen Live
Listen Live (HD2)
Listen live (HD3)
Listen Live (HD4)
Websitewhur.com
thequietstormstation.com (HD2)
whbc963hd3.com (HD3)
dcradio.gov (HD4)

WHUR-FM (96.3 FM) is an urban adult contemporary radio station that is licensed to Washington D.C., and serving the Metro D.C. area. It is owned and operated by Howard University, making it one of the few commercial radio stations in the United States to be owned by a college or university, as well as being the only independent, locally-owned station in the Washington, D.C. area. Also, the staff of the station mentors the students of the university's school of communications. The studios are located on campus in its Lower Quad portion, and the transmitter tower is based in the Tenleytown neighborhood. It is also co-owned with its television partner, WHUT-TV, one of D.C.'s PBS affiliates.

WHUR is also the home of the original Quiet Storm program, which longtime D.C. listeners have rated number one in the evening since 1976, and which spawned the namesake music genre that now airs on many radio stations across the United States. Jeff Brown hosts The Original Quiet Storm weeknights beginning at 7:30 p.m. In 2005, it also began broadcasting in IBOC digital radio, using the HD Radio system from iBiquity.

History

1940 Jansky & Bailey advertisement featuring the W3XO transmitter.[2]
1940 Jansky & Bailey advertisement featuring the W3XO transmitter.[2]

The station began operations in August 1939 as experimental FM station W3XO, on 43.2 MHz in the original FM band.[3][4] It was founded by Jansky & Bailey, a local Washington firm headed by consulting radio engineers C. M. Jansky and Stuart Bailey.[5] In October 1945 W3XO was sold to WINX Broadcasting Company for $75,000.[6][7] This company also operated WINX (1340 AM), and was owned by the Washington Post newspaper.

In May 1940, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) had announced the establishment, effective January 1, 1941, of an FM band operating on 40 channels spanning 42–50 MHz.[8] However, as of 1945 there were no commercial FM stations in the Washington area, with the only local FM broadcasters consisting of two experimental authorizations: W3XO, plus Everett L. Dillard's W3XL. In November 1945, the WINX Broadcasting Company filed an application to convert W3XO into the Washington-area's first commercial station. The application was granted the following August, and assigned the call letters WINX-FM.

WINX-FM started regular broadcasting in September 1946, with a daily schedule from 9:00 a.m. to 11:15 p.m., mostly duplicating the programming of WINX.[9] The FCC was in the process of reassigning the original FM band frequencies to other services, and ordered existing stations to move to a new band from 88 to 106 MHz, which was later expanded to 88–108 MHz. During a transition period from the original FM "low band" to the new "high band", some stations broadcast simultaneously on their old and new frequencies. Thus, initially WINX-FM transmitted on both 43.2 and 92.9 MHz. In July 1946 the FCC directed that FM stations currently operating on 42-44 MHz would have to move to new frequencies by the end of the year,[10] and the station received a temporary authorization to transmit on 44.7 MHz.[1] In 1947, WINX-FM was reassigned to 96.3 MHz.[11]

WINX-FM had the slogan "Sounds like Washington", to reflect the station's local ownership, which is still in use today. In 1949, the Post sold the AM station, WINX, and purchased WTOP (1500 AM). At this point WINX-FM's call letters were changed to WTOP-FM.[1][12]

In 1971 the Post donated WTOP-FM to Howard University, in order to "stimulate the intellectual and cultural life of the whole community and to train more people for the communications industry". On December 6, 1971, the station changed its call letters to WHUR-FM. WHUR became a jazz-formatted radio station, which it remained until the 1990s, when it switched to an urban adult contemporary format.

In 1977, WHUR-FM reporter and student intern Maurice Williams was killed during the Hanafi Siege in Washington, D.C.[13]

By 1995, WHUR became one of the highest-rated radio stations in the market, right behind WPGC-FM. Also that year, WHUR became the Washington radio and flagship affiliate of the syndicated Tom Joyner Morning Show (TJMS). However, in 1999, ABC Radio Networks did not renew its contract with WHUR and moved the show to WMMJ, thus ending its four-year relationship with the station. WHUR was forced to produce its own locally-based morning drive show. This initially affected the station's dominance over rival WMMJ. WHUR, in 2002, acquired The Michael Baisden Show and later, in 2005, The Steve Harvey Morning Show. The station regained its top two spots in the market to date, pacing number two in the 12+ demographic and number one in the 25–54 demographic and the number one urban formatted station in D.C. In 2013, The Michael Baisden Show was cancelled due to its distributor, Cumulus Media and Baisden failing to reach an agreement; WHUR has since replaced its P.M. drive with former Baltimore and Atlanta radio personality Frank Ski, former host of the morning show on WVEE in Atlanta (where Ski still resides).

The quiet storm format of mellow, rhythm and blues and soul music, smooth jazz and love songs often played at night on many radio stations started at WHUR. The format originated when then intern Melvin Lindsey played a soothing string of songs during a particularly bad storm in the mid-1970s, even as power was cut to most of the other radio stations in the Washington, DC area. The quiet storm nighttime format has since been replicated in other major cities that have R&B station formats, such as San Francisco-based KBLX (which formerly utilized a 24-hour quiet storm format for three decades).

Bob "Nighthawk" Terry (real name: Bobby Joe Horn), a former WHUR personality, disappeared in August 1977 under mysterious circumstances.[14]

In September 2016, the station was awarded "Urban Station of The Year" by the National Association of Broadcasters'.[15]

HD and satellite radio

WHUR-FM produces several ancillary programming streams, variously available over its HD Radio signal and SiriusXM satellite radio:

Translator

WHUR-HD2 is simulcast in analog on an independently-owned translator.[19]

Call sign Frequency
(MHz)
City of license Facility
ID
ERP
(W)
Height
(m (ft))
Class Transmitter coordinates FCC info Notes
W252DC 98.3 Reston, Virginia 138737 150 79 m (259 ft) D 38°53′45.4″N 77°08′6.9″W / 38.895944°N 77.135250°W / 38.895944; -77.135250 (W252DC) FCC LMS Owned by Reston Translator, LLC

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d FCC History Cards for WHUR-FM
  2. ^ Jansky & Bailey advertisement (featuring W3XO), Broadcasting Yearbook (1940 edition), page 375.
  3. ^ "Actions of the Federal Communication Commission: Decisions: August 23", Broadcasting, September 1, 1939, page 88.
  4. ^ Radio Engineering Labs., Inc. (advertisement), Broadcasting, November 15, 1940, page 45.
  5. ^ "Collection: Oscar Reed, Jr. Papers | Archival Collections". archives.lib.umd.edu. Retrieved 2020-08-28.
  6. ^ "Capital FM Outlet is Bought by 'Post'", Broadcasting, July 2, 1945, page 20.
  7. ^ "Actions of the FCC: Decisions: October 3", Broadcasting, October 8, 1945, page 78.
  8. ^ "FCC Order No. 67", Federal Register, May 25, 1940, page 2011.
  9. ^ "For Radio Listeners" by Bill Coyle,Washington (DC) Evening Star, September 15, 1946, page C-8.
  10. ^ "Filling in the Spectrum", Television Digest and FM Reports, July 20, 1946, page 1.
  11. ^ "FM Broadcast Stations: Frequency Assignments" (June 12, 1947), Federal Register, Volume 12, Number 108, June 3, 1947, page 4039.
  12. ^ O'Neal, James (February 4, 2010). "The Inside-Out Antenna Installation". Radio World. ((cite news)): |archive-url= is malformed: flag (help)CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  13. ^ Theresa Vargas (March 12, 2007). "'Some Things You Never Forget': Thirty years ago, gunmen stormed three D.C. buildings, taking 150 hostages and one life". Washington Post. p. B01. Retrieved September 10, 2015.
  14. ^ "Bobby Joe Horn – The Charley Project".
  15. ^ "Newsroom". Howard Newsroom.
  16. ^ WHUR Launches The Quiet Storm Station Radioinsight - December 16, 2020
  17. ^ "H.U.R. Voices". Sirius XM Radio. Retrieved 31 July 2020.
  18. ^ "HBCU". Sirius XM Radio. Retrieved 31 July 2020.
  19. ^ Venta, Lance (3 March 2021). "WHUR Adds Translator For The Quiet Storm Station". RadioInsight.