WTWO
WTWO logo 2016.png
Channels
BrandingWTWO (general)
WTWO News (newscasts)
Programming
Affiliations
Ownership
Owner
WAWV-TV
History
First air date
September 1, 1965 (56 years ago) (1965-09-01)
Former channel number(s)
Analog:
2 (VHF, 1965–2009)
Digital:
36 (UHF, until 2019)
Secondary:
ABC (1965–1973)
DT4:
Cozi TV (2018–2021)
Call sign meaning
Channel 2
Technical information
Licensing authority
FCC
Facility ID20426
ERP464 kW
HAAT296 m (971 ft)
Transmitter coordinates39°14′33″N 87°23′29″W / 39.24250°N 87.39139°W / 39.24250; -87.39139
Links
Public license information
Websitewww.mywabashvalley.com

WTWO (channel 2) is a television station in Terre Haute, Indiana, United States, affiliated with NBC. It is owned by Nexstar Media Group, which provides certain services to ABC affiliate WAWV-TV (channel 38) under joint sales and shared services agreements (JSA/SSA) with Mission Broadcasting. Both stations share studios on US 41/150 in unincorporated Sullivan County (south of Farmersburg), where WTWO's transmitter is also located.

History

The station first signed on the air on September 1, 1965. Founded by Illiana Telecasting, the first program ever broadcast on WTWO was NBC's morning news program Today, which aired at 7:00 that morning. WTWO, whose call letters were originally assigned to what is now fellow NBC affiliate WLBZ in Bangor, Maine, from 1954 to 1958, originally operated as a primary NBC affiliate with a secondary affiliation with ABC; it carried ABC network programs either on tape delay or by airing them live from the network feed through occasional preemptions of NBC programs (the most notable preemption being the 1967–1969 science fiction series Star Trek).

WTWO logo, used from 1997 to 2006
WTWO logo, used from 1997 to 2006

Eleven days after its sign-on, on September 12, 1965, WTWO began broadcasting network programming in color. Illiana Telecasting sold the station to Booth Newspapers in 1968. ABC programming was split between channel 2 and primary CBS affiliate WTHI-TV (channel 10) until April 1973, when the network moved to upstart WIIL-TV (channel 38, now WAWV-TV, which would eventually drop ABC to join Fox in September 1995 and rejoin ABC in September 2011). In July 1975, Booth Newspapers sold the station to Malcolm Glazer's Fabri Development Corporation. Malcolm Glazer sold WTWO and two of its sister stations, WRBL in Columbus, Georgia and KQTV in St. Joseph, Missouri, to TCS Television Partners in 1990. TCS Television Partners sold both WTWO and KQTV to Irving, Texas–based Nexstar Broadcasting Group in 1997.

WTWO logo, 2006–2010
WTWO logo, 2006–2010

In the spring of 2006, the station dropped on-air references to its channel 2 allocation in its branding, opting to brand simply by the WTWO call letters; the channel 2 branding was restored on October 18, 2010, when it changed its on-air brand to "NBC 2" (concurrent with the introduction of a new logo that was originally used by fellow NBC affiliate WGRZ in Buffalo, New York, from 1998 to 2012).

On July 9, 2012, Time Warner Cable replaced Cincinnati NBC affiliate WLWT with WTWO on its systems in southwestern Ohio and northeastern Kentucky, due to a carriage dispute with WLWT owner Hearst Television, that resulted in its stations being pulled from TWC's systems in several markets.[1] Nexstar complained that Time Warner Cable substituted the Hearst stations with its own outside of their market areas without permission, while the provider alleged it was within its rights to carry select Nexstar-owned stations as replacements until it reached a new agreement with Hearst,[2] which Hearst and Time Warner Cable reached on July 19, restoring WLWT on its Cincinnati area systems.[3]

Nexstar announced that it would acquire Media General, owners of rival WTHI-TV on January 27, 2016.[4][5] Despite WTHI's higher ratings, on March 4, 2016, Nexstar and Mission declared their intentions to keep WTWO/WAWV and sell WTHI to another company;[6] four months later; on June 13, 2016, it announced that WTHI and four other stations would be acquired by Heartland Media, through its USA Television MidAmerica Holdings joint venture with MSouth Equity Partners, for $115 million, to comply with Federal Communications Commission (FCC) ownership caps.[7]

Programming

WTWO clears the entire NBC network schedule and airs most programs in pattern, with the exception of the Sunday edition of Today, which airs two hours later than on most NBC stations (serving as a lead-in to Meet the Press, due to religious programs that the station airs in the 7:00 to 9:00 a.m. timeslot). Syndicated programs broadcast on WTWO include Rachael Ray, The Drew Barrymore Show, The Kelly Clarkson Show, Dr. Phil, Access Daily, Daily Mail TV, Jeopardy!, and Wheel of Fortune.

In addition, the station produces the half-hour lifestyle program Good Day Live!. The program originated in the mid-2000s as a Friday midday program titled The Valley Showcase, before it expanded to include Monday through Thursday editions on December 10, 2007; news and weather segments were added at that point, marking the first time since it cancelled its noon newscast in 2002 that it carried news programming in some form in the midday slot. The Monday through Thursday editions as well as the news and weather segments were dropped in 2009. The program was revamped on May 4, 2012, as Good Day Live!, and later re-expanded to a five-day-a-week broadcast on September 10, 2012, when it moved from its original 11:00 a.m. timeslot to 4:00 p.m. and added previews of WTWO's evening newscasts and a weather update segment.

Controversy

WTWO made national news in January 2006 when it declined to air the controversial NBC dramedy series The Book of Daniel, citing calls and emails from viewers objecting to the show's plotline involving Jesus Christ as the rationale for its decision. In a statement on the station's website, then-general manager Duane Lammers stated "our relationship with NBC always provided for the right to reject programming. I am reaffirming that right to let them know I will not allow them to make unilateral decisions affecting our viewers".[8][9] Due to poor ratings and affiliates in other markets (including Little Rock sister station KARK-TV) also choosing to preempt the program, NBC canceled the show after only three episodes (this incident may have served as the basis for a plotline in a 2006 episode of the short-lived NBC drama Studio 60 on the Sunset Strip, in which an NBC affiliate in Terre Haute refused to air the titular comedy series in the show because of a sketch called "Crazy Christians").[citation needed]

News operation

WTWO presently broadcasts 14½ hours of locally produced newscasts each week (with 2½ hours each weekday and one hour each on Saturdays and Sundays). Unlike most NBC affiliates in the Eastern Time Zone, the station does not produce a midday newscast or an early evening newscast at 5:00 p.m.; this is due to the fact that it produces such programs in those timeslots for sister station WAWV-TV, with channel 2 opting to run syndicated programming during the noon and 5:00 p.m. timeslots.

Newscasts on the station began when it debuted on September 1, 1965, under the title W-2 News. In early 1968, the station rebranded as "TV-2" (while retaining a hyphen for the branding of the station's callsign, rendered as "W-TWO"), its evening newscasts were accordingly renamed Total News Tonight (the title was later amended to Total News at Twelve, when the station added a midday newscast at noon, and to Total News Today for the 6:00 p.m. newscast). The TV-2 News title was used in conjunction with the Total News brand from 1971 until January 1972, when the former became the full-time newscast branding. The station became the first station in the market to begin broadcasting its newscasts in color in 1971, with Johnny Palmer being appointed as anchor of WTWO's evening newscasts (Palmer remained with the station until he retired in 1992). In 1973, the station adopted the Eyewitness News format for its news programs, which remained in use by the station until 1994, when its newscasts were renamed NewsChannel 2 (which was amended to WTWO NewsChannel 2 after Nexstar bought channel 2 in 1997, and then revised as WTWO NewsChannel in 2007).

The station debuted an hour-long news and talk program in September 1998, titled Live at Five. After WTWO entered into a joint sales agreement with Fox affiliate WBAK-TV, WTWO assumed production responsibilities for channel 38's half-hour primetime newscast at 10:00 p.m. on January 1, 2004, from WTHI (which had been producing the program since WBAK became the market's Fox affiliate in 1995), in addition to allowing the station to rebroadcast the 6:00 a.m. hour of channel 2's weekday morning newscast at 7:00 a.m. In May 2007, WTWO began using digital camera equipment for newsgathering purposes. In 2010, the station unveiled a new set for its newscasts, along with a new graphics and music package (using the "Look B" package originally developed by graphics firm NBC ArtWorks for NBC's owned-and-operated stations, along with Stephen Arnold Music's "The Rock" package); the station's news operation was also rebranded as NBC 2 News.

WTWO aired a one-minute promo on 2006 that criticized WTHI's weather coverage, claiming that WTHI's Doppler radar system was inferior to WTWO's because it was located within downtown Terre Haute, resulting in a "dead zone" – the area within the radius of the radar dome where reflectivity cannot be detected – over the city proper, stating that the WTWO radar's "dead zone" was positioned over a corn field and claimed that the combined experience of WTWO's weather staff was more than that of WTHI's staff; it also stated that WTHI's power had multiple points of failure in contrast to WTWO's.[10] The promotion, though technically accurate, became a source of amusement on Comedy Central's The Daily Show because of its use of hyperbole and techniques reminiscent of political "attack ads".[11] After general manager Duane Lammers called the Daily Show "hard-up for material" in a Tribune-Star article,[12] host Jon Stewart[13] mocked WTWO further in the following night's opening segment. A response video to The Daily Show and Stewart that was supposed to be for internal uses at the station was leaked on YouTube; it has since been taken down, but was uploaded once more on iFilm.[14]

When what became WFXW discontinued its Fox affiliation to rejoin ABC as WAWV on September 1, 2011, WTWO moved its 5:00 p.m. newscast to WAWV (at the same time, the 10:00 p.m. newscast was relegated to live streaming broadcast, which was carried on WTWO/WAWV's shared website until it was discontinued on December 28, 2012). WTWO began producing a half-hour midday newscast at noon of channel 38 on September 10, 2012. In addition to handling production of those newscasts, WTWO produces local weather updates seen on WAWV during AgDay and Good Morning America, as well as morning news updates seen the during the latter network morning program.[15]

On September 28, 2016, WTWO (along with sister station WAWV) began airing local newscasts in HD with a new set. WTWO also changed the newscast title to WTWO News, formerly NBC 2 News.

Notable former on-air staff

Technical information

Subchannels

The station's digital signal is multiplexed:

Channel Video Aspect Short name Programming[16]
2.1 1080i 16:9 WTWO-DT Main WTWO programming / NBC
2.2 480i Laff Laff
2.3 Mystery Ion Mystery
2.4 Antenna Antenna TV

On June 15, 2016, Nexstar announced that it has entered into an affiliation agreement with Katz Broadcasting for the Escape (now Ion Mystery), Laff, Grit, and Bounce TV networks (the last one of which is owned by Bounce Media LLC, whose COO Jonathan Katz is president/CEO of Katz Broadcasting), bringing the four networks to 81 stations owned and/or operated by Nexstar, including WTWO and WAWV-TV.[17] Subchannels Laff and Escape were off the air from July 25, 2017, to May 15, 2018, due to transmission problems. A temporary antenna had been used to broadcast WTWO and sister station WAWV-TV on 2.1 and 38.1. As of May 15, 2018, the new antenna was installed, and all subchannels returned to the air, including newly available Cozi TV.[18][19] On February 1, 2021, Antenna TV replaced Cozi TV on 2.4.[20]

Analog-to-digital conversion

WTWO discontinued regular programming on its analog signal, over VHF channel 2, on June 12, 2009, the official date in which full-power television stations in the United States transitioned from analog to digital broadcasts under federal mandate. The station's digital signal remained on its pre-transition UHF channel 36,[21] using PSIP to display the station's virtual channel as its former VHF analog channel 2.

References

  1. ^ "Time Warner-Hearst Retrans Fight Escalates Over Signal Imports – Adweek". AdWeek.
  2. ^ Greensboro News-Record: "New twist in dispute between Time Warner and WXII", July 12, 2012.
  3. ^ "Hearst TV, Time Warner Cable End Viewer Blackout - Broadcasting & Cable". BroadcastingCable.com. Retrieved April 19, 2017.
  4. ^ "Nexstar-Media General: It's A Done Deal". TVNewsCheck. Retrieved 27 January 2016.
  5. ^ Picker, Leslie (2016-01-27). "Nexstar Clinches Deal to Acquire Media General". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-01-27.
  6. ^ "Nexstar-Media General merger to result in sale of WTHI-TV (Channel 10) | Local News | tribstar.com".
  7. ^ "Prather Buys 5 TVs From Nexstar-Media Gen". TVNewsCheck. June 13, 2016. Retrieved June 13, 2016.
  8. ^ http://www.wtwo.com/news/default.asp?mode=shownews&id=6099. Retrieved January 6, 2006. ((cite web)): Missing or empty |title= (help)[dead link]
  9. ^ "Entertainment | The Indianapolis Star". indystar.com. Associated Press. 2006-01-05. Retrieved 2012-01-16.
  10. ^ "Doppler Dead Zone video". YouTube. Archived from the original on 2021-12-21. Retrieved 2012-01-16.
  11. ^ "dopplerdeadzone.com".
  12. ^ McKee, Deb. "VIDEO: Daily Show dogs WTWO weather commercial » Multimedia » News From Terre Haute, Indiana". Tribstar.com. Archived from the original on 2012-09-13. Retrieved 2012-01-16.
  13. ^ "Comedy Central - Media Player". www.comedycentral.com. Archived from the original on 2006-05-20.
  14. ^ "Screen Junkies – Movie Reviews & TV Show Reviews". Screen Junkies.
  15. ^ "WAWV-ABC Frequently Asked Questions". Mywabashvalley.com. Archived from the original on 2011-11-27. Retrieved 2012-01-16.
  16. ^ "RabbitEars.Info".
  17. ^ "Bounce TV, Grit, Escape, Laff Multicast Deal Covers 81 Stations, 54 Markets". Broadcasting & Cable. June 15, 2016. Retrieved June 21, 2016.
  18. ^ "WTWO/WAWV Experiencing Technical Difficulties". MYWABASHVALLEY. 2017-08-02. Retrieved 2017-08-16.
  19. ^ "Antenna Work Success". 2018-05-16.
  20. ^ "Interactive Affiliate Map | Antenna TV".
  21. ^ "DTV Tentative Channel Designations for the First and Second Rounds" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-08-29. Retrieved 2012-03-24.