Wabun code
Language(s)Japanese (basic support)
Classificationnon-Latin Morse code for Kana
Succeeded byJIS C 0803 (JIS X 6001),
JIS C 6220 (JIS X 0201)

Wabun code (和文モールス符号, wabun mōrusu fugō, Japanese text in Morse code) is a form of Morse code used to send Japanese language in kana characters.[1] Unlike International Morse Code, which represents letters of the Latin script, in Wabun each symbol represents a Japanese kana.[2] For this reason, Wabun code is also sometimes called Kana code.[3]

When Wabun code is intermixed with International Morse code, the prosign DO (  ▄▄▄ ▄ ▄ ▄▄▄ ▄▄▄ ▄▄▄ ) is used to announce the beginning of Wabun, and the prosign SN (  ▄ ▄ ▄ ▄▄▄ ▄ ) is used to announce the return to International Code.

Chart

Kana in Iroha order.

Mora Code In Latin Mora Code In Latin Mora Code In Latin Mora Code In Latin
い i   ▄ ▄▄▄  A わ wa   ▄▄▄ ▄ ▄▄▄  K ゐ wi   ▄ ▄▄▄ ▄ ▄ ▄▄▄  Ł さ sa   ▄▄▄ ▄ ▄▄▄ ▄ ▄▄▄ 
ろ ro   ▄ ▄▄▄ ▄ ▄▄▄  Ä か ka   ▄ ▄▄▄ ▄ ▄  L の no   ▄ ▄ ▄▄▄ ▄▄▄  Ü き ki   ▄▄▄ ▄ ▄▄▄ ▄ ▄  Ç
は ha   ▄▄▄ ▄ ▄ ▄  B よ yo   ▄▄▄ ▄▄▄  M お o   ▄ ▄▄▄ ▄ ▄ ▄  & ゆ yu   ▄▄▄ ▄ ▄ ▄▄▄ ▄▄▄ 
に ni   ▄▄▄ ▄ ▄▄▄ ▄  C た ta   ▄▄▄ ▄  N く ku   ▄ ▄ ▄ ▄▄▄  V め me   ▄▄▄ ▄ ▄ ▄ ▄▄▄  =
ほ ho   ▄▄▄ ▄ ▄  D れ re   ▄▄▄ ▄▄▄ ▄▄▄  O や ya   ▄ ▄▄▄ ▄▄▄  W み mi   ▄ ▄ ▄▄▄ ▄ ▄▄▄ 
へ he   ▄  E そ so   ▄▄▄ ▄▄▄ ▄▄▄ ▄  Ö ま ma   ▄▄▄ ▄ ▄ ▄▄▄  X し shi   ▄▄▄ ▄▄▄ ▄ ▄▄▄ ▄  Ĝ
と to   ▄ ▄ ▄▄▄ ▄ ▄  É つ tsu   ▄ ▄▄▄ ▄▄▄ ▄  P け ke   ▄▄▄ ▄ ▄▄▄ ▄▄▄  Y ゑ we   ▄ ▄▄▄ ▄▄▄ ▄ ▄  Þ
ち chi   ▄ ▄ ▄▄▄ ▄  F ね ne   ▄▄▄ ▄▄▄ ▄ ▄▄▄  Q ふ fu   ▄▄▄ ▄▄▄ ▄ ▄  Z ひ hi   ▄▄▄ ▄▄▄ ▄ ▄ ▄▄▄  Ż
り ri   ▄▄▄ ▄▄▄ ▄  G な na   ▄ ▄▄▄ ▄  R こ ko   ▄▄▄ ▄▄▄ ▄▄▄ ▄▄▄  Š も mo   ▄▄▄ ▄ ▄ ▄▄▄ ▄  /
ぬ nu   ▄ ▄ ▄ ▄  H ら ra   ▄ ▄ ▄  S え e   ▄▄▄ ▄ ▄▄▄ ▄▄▄ ▄▄▄  せ se   ▄ ▄▄▄ ▄▄▄ ▄▄▄ ▄  Ĵ
る ru   ▄▄▄ ▄ ▄▄▄ ▄▄▄ ▄  ( む mu   ▄▄▄  T て te   ▄ ▄▄▄ ▄ ▄▄▄ ▄▄▄  す su   ▄▄▄ ▄▄▄ ▄▄▄ ▄ ▄▄▄ 
を wo   ▄ ▄▄▄ ▄▄▄ ▄▄▄  J う u   ▄ ▄ ▄▄▄  U あ a   ▄▄▄ ▄▄▄ ▄ ▄▄▄ ▄▄▄  Ñ ん n   ▄ ▄▄▄ ▄ ▄▄▄ ▄  +
Punctuation Code In Latin
Dakuten ◌゛   ▄ ▄  I
Handakuten ◌゜   ▄ ▄ ▄▄▄ ▄▄▄ ▄  Ð
Chōonpu   ▄ ▄▄▄ ▄▄▄ ▄ ▄▄▄  Å
Comma 、   ▄ ▄▄▄ ▄ ▄▄▄ ▄ ▄▄▄  .
Full stop 。   ▄ ▄▄▄ ▄ ▄▄▄ ▄ ▄ 
Left parenthesis (   ▄▄▄ ▄ ▄▄▄ ▄▄▄ ▄ ▄▄▄  )
Right parenthesis )   ▄ ▄▄▄ ▄ ▄ ▄▄▄ ▄  "

Expanded chart

References

  1. ^ Millikin, Donald (September 1942). "The Japanese Morse Telegraph Code". QST. Vol. XXVI, no. 9. American Radio Relay League. Retrieved 3 February 2022.
  2. ^ Japanese Government. "Radio Station Operation Regulations, Article 12, Attached Table No. 1, Morse Code" (PDF). 1945 Radio Regulatory Commission Rule No. 17. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 January 2022. Retrieved 3 February 2022.
  3. ^ Supplied (10 July 2015). "Chart of Kana morse signals". ABC Radio National. Archived from the original on 3 February 2022. Retrieved 3 February 2022.