This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in German. (February 2009) Click [show] for important translation instructions. View a machine-translated version of the German article. Machine translation like DeepL or Google Translate is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary Content in this edit is translated from the existing German Wikipedia article at [[:de:Waiblingen]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template ((Translated|de|Waiblingen)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.
Waiblingen
Waiblingen
Coat of arms
Location of Waiblingen
Waiblingen
Waiblingen
Waiblingen
Waiblingen
Coordinates: 48°49′49″N 09°19′01″E / 48.83028°N 9.31694°E / 48.83028; 9.31694Coordinates: 48°49′49″N 09°19′01″E / 48.83028°N 9.31694°E / 48.83028; 9.31694
CountryGermany
StateBaden-Württemberg
Admin. regionStuttgart
DistrictRems-Murr-Kreis
Government
 • MayorAndreas Hesky (Ind.)
Area
 • Total42.76 km2 (16.51 sq mi)
Elevation
230 m (750 ft)
Population
 (2019-12-31)[1]
 • Total55,604
 • Density1,300/km2 (3,400/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
71331–71336
Dialling codes07151, 07146
Vehicle registrationWN, BK
Websitewww.waiblingen.de

Waiblingen (German pronunciation: [ˈvaɪblɪŋən]) is a town in the southwest of Germany, located in the center of the densely populated Stuttgart region, directly neighboring Stuttgart. It is the capital and largest city of the Rems-Murr district. As of 31 December 2018, Waiblingen had 55,449 inhabitants (27,334 men and 28,115 women).

As of December 31, 2004, the area of the town (including all external properties, such as forests) was 42.76 km2 (16.51 sq mi).

History

Waiblingen was first mentioned in Carolingian documents in 885 at the time of Charles the Fat. It received its town charter in 1250.

Waiblingen was the property of the Salian kings, from whom the Hohenstaufen dukes and kings inherited it. It is intimately tied to the conflict between Guelphs and Ghibellines in the 12th and 13th century. During the Siege of Weinsberg in 1140, the Hohenstaufens of Swabia (led by Conrad III of Germany) used "Wibellingen" - a version of the town name - as their rallying cry; "Wibellingen" subsequently became Ghibellino in Italian.[2]

The town was almost completely destroyed in 1634 during the Thirty Years' War, when Imperial and Spanish troops sacked the city after the Battle of Nördlingen. Fires raged for more than a week, and most of Waiblingen's citizens were killed or had to flee. Rebuilding only began four years after this catastrophe; the existing old central part of the town dates back to the years between 1640 and 1700. Its fortifications are now well restored.

Incorporation

The following towns were incorporated into Waiblingen:

Economy

Waiblingen houses the principal office of the world's biggest chainsaw manufacturer, Stihl. Engineering and technology multinational Robert Bosch GmbH has two factories in the city producing polymer and packaging technology.

It is also the location for the letter processing center for the Stuttgart region of the Deutsche Post.

Twin towns – sister cities

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Germany

Waiblingen is twinned with:[3]

Notable people

See also: Category:People from Waiblingen

Honorary citizens

References

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität und Geschlecht am 31. Dezember 2019". Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg (in German). September 2020.
  2. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Guelphs and Ghibellines" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 12 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 668–669.
  3. ^ "Städtepartnerschaften". waiblingen.de (in German). Waiblingen. Retrieved 2021-02-17.
  4. ^ official site

Media related to Waiblingen at Wikimedia Commons