Walter Tevis
Walter and Jamie Tevis in 1960
Walter and Jamie Tevis in 1960
BornWalter Stone Tevis Jr.
February 28, 1928
San Francisco, California, U.S.
DiedAugust 9, 1984(1984-08-09) (aged 56)
New York City, New York, U.S.
OccupationNovelist, short story writer
GenreFiction, science fiction
SpouseJamie Griggs Tevis,
Eleanora Tevis
ChildrenWilliam Tevis, Julie Tevis[1]
RelativesWalter Stone Tevis,
Anna Elizabeth Bacon,
Betty Jean Tevis[2][3]

Walter Stone Tevis Jr. (February 28, 1928[4] – August 9, 1984[5]) was an American novelist and screenwriter. Three of his six novels were adapted into major films: The Hustler, The Color of Money and The Man Who Fell to Earth. A fourth, The Queen’s Gambit, was adapted into a miniseries with the same title and shown on Netflix in 2020. His books have been translated into at least 18 languages.

Life and career

Tevis was born in San Francisco, California, in 1928 to Anna Elizabeth "Betty" (née Bacon) and Walter Stone Tevis, an appraiser,[6] growing up in the Sunset District,[7] across the street from Golden Gate Park. His sister, Betty, was born in 1925.[3]

He developed a rheumatic heart condition,[8] so his parents placed him in the Stanford Children's Convalescent home[9][10][11] (and given heavy doses of phenobarbital), for a year, during which time they returned to Kentucky, where the Tevis family had been given an early land grant in Madison County. Walter traveled across country alone by train at age 11 to rejoin his family in Kentucky. He made friends with Toby Kavanaugh, a fellow high school student, and learned to shoot pool in the Kavanaugh mansion in Lawrenceburg.[12] In the library there, he read science fiction for the first time.[13] They remained lifelong friends. Kavanaugh later became the owner of a pool room[14] in Lexington, which would have an impact on Tevis's writing.[15][dead link]

Tevis joined the Navy on his seventeenth birthday. He became a carpenter's mate, serving on the USS Hamul in Okinawa.[16][17][18]

After his discharge, he graduated from Model Laboratory School in 1945. He entered the University of Kentucky, where he received B.A. (1949) and M.A. (1954) degrees in English literature and studied with A. B. Guthrie Jr., the author of The Big Sky. While a student there, Tevis worked in a pool hall and published a story about pool written for Guthrie's class. He later attended the Iowa Writers' Workshop, where he received an MFA in creative writing in 1960.

After graduation, Tevis wrote for the Kentucky Highway Department. He taught classes in fields from the sciences and English to physical education in small-town Kentucky high schools in Science Hill, Hawesville, Irvine, and Carlisle. He also taught at Northern Kentucky University, the University of Kentucky, and Southern Connecticut State University.

Tevis taught English literature and creative writing at Ohio University in Athens, Ohio, from 1965 to 1978, where he was named University Professor. Tevis was a member of the Authors Guild.


Short stories

Tevis wrote more than two dozen short stories for a variety of magazines. "The Big Hustle," his pool hall story for Collier's (August 5, 1955), was illustrated by Denver Gillen. It was followed by short stories in The American Magazine, Bluebook, Cosmopolitan, Esquire, Galaxy Science Fiction, Playboy, Redbook and The Saturday Evening Post.


His first novel, The Hustler, was published by Harper & Row in 1959. Tevis followed it with The Man Who Fell to Earth, published in 1963. Tevis drew from elements of his childhood in The Man Who Fell to Earth, as noted by James Sallis, writing in The Boston Globe:

On the surface, Man is the tale of an alien who comes to earth to save his own civilization and, through adversity, distraction, and loss of faith ("I want to... But not enough"), fails. Just beneath the surface, it might be read as a parable of 1950s conventionalism and of the Cold War. One of the many other things it is, in Tevis's own words, is "a very disguised autobiography," the tale of his removal as a child from San Francisco, "the city of light," to rural Kentucky, and of the childhood illness that long confined him to bed, leaving him, once recovered, weak, fragile, and apart. It was also – as he realized only after writing it – about his becoming an alcoholic. Beyond that, it is, of course, a Christian parable, and a portrait of the artist. It is, finally, one of the most heartbreaking books I know, a threnody on great ambition and terrible failure, and an evocation of man's absolute, unabridgeable aloneness.[19]

During his time teaching at Ohio University, Tevis became aware that the level of literacy among students was falling at an alarming rate. That observation gave him the idea for Mockingbird (1980), set in a grim and decaying New York City in the 25th century. The population is declining, no one can read, and robots rule over the drugged, illiterate humans. With the birth rate dropping, the end of the species seems a possibility. Tevis was a nominee for the Nebula Award for Best Novel in 1980 for Mockingbird. During one of his last televised interviews, he revealed that PBS once planned a production of Mockingbird as a follow-up to their 1979 film of Ursula K. Le Guin's The Lathe of Heaven.

Tevis also wrote The Steps of the Sun (1983), The Queen's Gambit (1983), and The Color of Money (1984), a sequel to The Hustler. His short stories were collected in Far from Home in 1981.


Three of Tevis's six novels were adapted for major motion pictures, and one for a TV mini-series. The Hustler, directed by Robert Rossen, and The Color of Money, directed by Martin Scorsese, followed the escapades of fictional pool hustler "Fast Eddie" Felson. The Man Who Fell to Earth, directed by Nicolas Roeg, was released in 1976; it was subsequently re-made in 1987 as a TV film, and in 2022 as a TV series. The Queen’s Gambit is a 2020 Netflix mini-series starring Anya Taylor-Joy.

Personal life

Tevis married Jamie Griggs in 1957, and they remained together for over twenty years before getting divorced. They had two children, a son, William Thomas,[20] and daughter, Julia Ann.[21]

Tevis was a frequent smoker, gambler and alcoholic, and his works often included these vices as central themes.[22] Tevis took some of the money he earned from the movie rights to The Hustler and moved his family to Mexico, where he later claimed that he "stayed drunk for eight months."[22] When Tevis was drinking, he couldn't write.[22] According to his son Will, "[Walter Tevis] is the [anti-]hero of all his own books."[16][clarification needed] Having a heart condition, Tevis was given phenobarbital at a young age. This is considered part of the inspiration for the character Beth Harmon in The Queen's Gambit, and according to Tevis, part of the reason for his later alcoholism. Tevis was able to overcome his alcohol habit in the 1970s with help from Alcoholics Anonymous.[16]

Tevis spent his last years in New York City as a full-time writer,[21] where he died of lung cancer in 1984. He was buried in Richmond, Kentucky.[1][15]

In 2003, Jamie Griggs Tevis published her autobiography, My Life with the Hustler. She died August 4, 2006.[23]

In 1983, Tevis married Eleanora Walker,[24] later the trustee of the Walter Tevis Copyright Trust. She died December 9, 2016, at Bellevue Hospital in New York City, in an apparent suicide.[25] Walter Tevis's literary output is represented by the Susan Schulman Literary Agency.[26]


This list is incomplete; you can help by adding missing items. (August 2017)


Short fiction

List of stories

Critical studies and reviews of Tevis's work


  1. ^ a b Mitgang, Herbert (August 11, 1984). "WALTER TEVIS, 56, A SCREENWRITER". The New York Times.
  2. ^ "Betty Jean Tevis, Born 08/14/1925 in California". Retrieved November 14, 2020. Betty Jean Tevis was born on August 14, 1925 in San Francisco County, California. Her father's last name is Tevis, and her mother's maiden name is Bacon.
  3. ^ a b "Betty Jean Tevis Balke Eckdahl. Obituary (2010)". Lexington Herald-Leader. February 24, 2010. Archived from the original on November 15, 2020. Retrieved November 15, 2020. Her brother, novelist Walter Tevis, died in 1984. Her father, Walter Stone Tevis, was a native of Madison County, KY and descendent of a pioneer family there
  4. ^ "Walter Stone Tevis, Born 02/28/1928 in California". Retrieved November 14, 2020. Walter Stone Tevis was born on February 28, 1928, in San Francisco County, California. His father's last name is Tevis, and his mother's maiden name is Bacon.
  5. ^ "Overview of Walter Tevis Collection" (PDF). Ohio University: Robert E. and Jean R. Mahn Center for Archives & Special Collections. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 27, 2018. Retrieved May 27, 2018.
  6. ^ 1927 San Francisco CA (a directory, p. 2095), accessed December 5, 2020
  7. ^ 1927 San Francisco CA (a directory, p. 1195), accessed December 5, 2020
  8. ^ Mitgang, Herbert (April 6, 1983). "Author Who Checkmated Academe". The New York Times. Retrieved December 5, 2020.
  9. ^ Forbes features Packard Children’s: From community care to a top-ranked children’s hospital, accessed December 5, 2020
  10. ^ Guide to the Children's Hospital at Stanford Records, accessed December 5, 2020
  11. ^ Stanford University Medical Center Facilities Renewal and Replacement Project Draft Environmental Impact Report - Comment on the Draft Environmental Impact Report Cultural Resources Chapter, accessed December 5, 2020
  12. ^ An Interview with Walter Tevis, accessed December 5, 2020
  13. ^ 'The Queen’s Gambit': The True Story, Explained, accessed December 5, 2020
  14. ^ Walter Tevis: Recollections of "The Hustler" Jamie Griggs Tevis, accessed December 5, 2020
  15. ^ a b Walter Tevis Archived November 15, 2020, at the Wayback Machine, accessed December 5, 2020
  16. ^ a b c Wartik, Nancy (December 23, 2020). "Walter Tevis Was a Novelist. You Might Know His Books (Much) Better as Movies". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved December 24, 2020.
  17. ^ "Biography". Walter Tevis. Retrieved August 27, 2023.
  18. ^ Walter S Tevis Junior in the U.S., World War II Navy Muster Rolls, 1938-1949, accessed via
  19. ^ Sallis, James (May 16, 2004). "A life, and an oeuvre, plagued by shadows". The Boston Globe.
  20. ^ Another Look takes on Walter Tevis's "Queen's Gambit." And the author's son remembers playing chess with dad, accessed December 5, 2020
  21. ^ a b Berkley, June Langford (Fall 2001), "Remembering Walter Tevis: Finding the Stories that Must Be Told", Ohioana Quarterly, The Ohio legacy, Ohioana library, … he told the book editor of the Louisville Courier-Journal in 1980 after he had sought treatment for his alcoholism, divorced, resigned from the Ohio University faculty, and moved to Manhattan where he was writing again.[permanent dead link]
  22. ^ a b c Hill, David (November 9, 2020). "The Man Who Brought 'The Queen's Gambit' to Life". The Ringer. Retrieved January 28, 2021.
  23. ^ Tigchelaar, Jeff (August 14, 2006). "After some people are gone, you really start to appreciate them". The Athens News.
  24. ^ "Eleanora Tevis Obituary (2017) - New York, NY - New York Times".
  25. ^ "Woman who plunged off church is widow of famed author". November 21, 2016.
  26. ^ Mayes, Ian (March 17, 2001). "Cue jumping". The Guardian.
  27. ^ The Big Bounce by Walter S. Tevis, accessed December 5, 2020
  28. ^ The Big Bounce by Walter S. Tevis (archived copy) galaxymagazine-1958-02, accessed December 5, 2020