Walterboro, South Carolina
East Washington Street in downtown Walterboro
East Washington Street in downtown Walterboro
Official seal of Walterboro, South Carolina
Motto: 
The Front Porch of the Lowcountry
Location of Walterboro, South Carolina
Location of Walterboro, South Carolina
Coordinates: 32°54′15″N 80°39′58″W / 32.90417°N 80.66611°W / 32.90417; -80.66611
CountryUnited States
StateSouth Carolina
CountyColleton
Area
 • Total6.84 sq mi (17.72 km2)
 • Land6.84 sq mi (17.72 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
59 ft (18 m)
Population
 • Total5,544
 • Density810.05/sq mi (312.78/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP code
29488
Area code(s)843, 854
FIPS code45-74275[3]
GNIS feature ID1251318[4]
Websitewww.walterborosc.org

Walterboro is a city in Colleton County, South Carolina, United States. The city's population was 5,398 at the 2010 census.[5] It is the county seat of Colleton County.[6] Walterboro is located 48 miles (77 km) west of Charleston and is located near the ACE Basin region in the South Carolina Lowcountry.

History

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Walterboro (original spelling: Walterborough) was founded in 1783, as a summer retreat for local planters looking to escape their malaria-ridden, Lowcountry plantations. The original settlement was located on a hilly area, covered with pine and hickory trees and called Hickory Valley. Two of the earliest settlers were brothers, Paul and Jacob Walter. The brothers were prosperous, plantation owners, in nearby Jacksonboro. Paul's small daughter Mary, was taken ill with malaria; a common disease among the families who had plantations in the marshy areas of the Lowcountry, due to the grounds suitability for rice production. To prevent Mary from succumbing to the deadly microbe, the Walter brothers went looking for a healthier location in which to live during the summer months, and came to settle the town; with its later being named in their honor.

In 1817, Walterboro was designated as the third county seat of Colleton County, and has remained such through present-day. This designation was followed by, the construction of a county courthouse and county jail in 1821. The courthouse was designed by well-known architect Robert Mills.

The town quickly spread from the original Hickory Valley location, after its population experienced a significant increase; this being fueled successively by, the town becoming the county seat in 1821, and the establishment of a railroad line that connected the city with Columbia and Charleston in the 1880s.

In 1832, the Irish Catholic community in rural southern Waltersboro (at one point termed Thompson's Crossroads) established a parish called St. James the Greater Catholic Church, dedicated by Bishop John England. The community later was known as Catholic Hill. After the church was burned down in 1856, and the emancipation of the slaves roughly a decade later, the White community largely left the area. The Black Catholic community maintained their religion for decades without a priest, before a new church was built for them in the 1890s. They became notable in the media in the 21st century, and a documentary on the community was released in 2020.[7][8][9][10]

An airfield was established in the 1930s. In 1942, Walterboro became home to the Walterboro Army Airfield, a sub-base of Columbia Army Air Base, and part of the national network of army air training facilities erected across the U.S. during World War II. The base was established for the purpose of providing advanced air-combat training, to fighter and bomber groups. It also hosted the largest camouflage school in the United States, as well as, a 250-person prisoner of war camp.

In 1944, the airfield changed command and became an advanced combat training base for individual fighters, primarily the black trainees graduating from Tuskegee Army Airfield in Tuskegee, Alabama. Over 500 of the famed Tuskegee Airmen trained at Walterboro Army Airfield, between April 1944 and October 1945, including individuals training as replacement pilots for the 332nd Fighter-Interceptor Squadron, along with the entire 447th Bombardment Group. The base closed in October 1945, returning to its origins as a local airfield.

The establishment of Interstate 95 in the 1960s, made the town a prime overnight stop on the road to Florida or New York.

Presently, Walterboro is dotted with historic homes dating back to 1820, and a downtown area that has kept many of its historic buildings. The city has become increasingly known as an antiquing destination, and is a popular day-trip from Charleston and Beaufort.

Geography

Walterboro is geographically located slightly north to the center of Colleton County at 32°54′15″N 80°39′58″W / 32.90417°N 80.66611°W / 32.90417; -80.66611 (32.904289, −80.666238).[11] Interstate 95 passes west of the city, leading northeast 110 miles (180 km) to Florence, and southwest 67 miles (108 km) to Savannah, Georgia. The southern terminus of U.S. Route 15 is situated in the center of Walterboro; leading northward, running roughly parallel to I-95, reaching St. George in 21 miles (34 km). U.S. Route 17 Alt leads east from US 15, 32 miles (51 km) to Summerville, within the Charleston vicinity, and southwest 21 miles (34 km) to Yemassee. South Carolina Highway 64 leads northwest, past Exit 57 on I-95, 25 miles (40 km) to Ehrhardt, and southeast 16 miles (26 km) to Jacksonboro.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Walterboro has a total area of 6.5 square miles (16.8 km2), consisting solely of landmass.[5]

Climate

Climate data for Walterboro, South Carolina (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1903–1920 and 1936–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 85
(29)
88
(31)
98
(37)
95
(35)
103
(39)
106
(41)
106
(41)
107
(42)
105
(41)
100
(38)
91
(33)
85
(29)
107
(42)
Mean maximum °F (°C) 75.3
(24.1)
78.0
(25.6)
83.9
(28.8)
87.6
(30.9)
93.0
(33.9)
96.7
(35.9)
98.2
(36.8)
97.0
(36.1)
93.2
(34.0)
87.5
(30.8)
81.8
(27.7)
76.7
(24.8)
99.3
(37.4)
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 58.1
(14.5)
62.0
(16.7)
68.7
(20.4)
76.1
(24.5)
82.8
(28.2)
87.4
(30.8)
90.5
(32.5)
88.9
(31.6)
84.2
(29.0)
76.4
(24.7)
67.7
(19.8)
61.1
(16.2)
75.3
(24.1)
Daily mean °F (°C) 46.7
(8.2)
49.8
(9.9)
56.5
(13.6)
63.3
(17.4)
71.2
(21.8)
77.5
(25.3)
80.8
(27.1)
79.5
(26.4)
74.6
(23.7)
64.7
(18.2)
55.0
(12.8)
49.5
(9.7)
64.1
(17.8)
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 35.2
(1.8)
37.6
(3.1)
44.2
(6.8)
50.4
(10.2)
59.6
(15.3)
67.6
(19.8)
71.1
(21.7)
70.1
(21.2)
65.0
(18.3)
53.1
(11.7)
42.3
(5.7)
37.9
(3.3)
52.8
(11.6)
Mean minimum °F (°C) 20.8
(−6.2)
24.3
(−4.3)
28.5
(−1.9)
35.9
(2.2)
46.6
(8.1)
59.2
(15.1)
64.9
(18.3)
64.2
(17.9)
54.0
(12.2)
38.2
(3.4)
28.3
(−2.1)
24.5
(−4.2)
19.2
(−7.1)
Record low °F (°C) 0
(−18)
9
(−13)
15
(−9)
26
(−3)
31
(−1)
44
(7)
54
(12)
55
(13)
37
(3)
24
(−4)
11
(−12)
5
(−15)
0
(−18)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 4.01
(102)
3.74
(95)
3.50
(89)
3.56
(90)
3.59
(91)
5.63
(143)
5.21
(132)
7.17
(182)
4.60
(117)
3.68
(93)
3.08
(78)
3.65
(93)
51.42
(1,306)
Average precipitation days 8.4 7.9 8.0 6.9 7.0 10.1 10.5 11.8 8.1 6.1 6.2 7.9 98.9
Source: NOAA[12][13]

Culture

Rice Festival

The Colleton County Rice Festival is held annually at the end of April, to celebrate the county's history with the rice crop, the staple crop until the American Civil War. Post-Civil war, during the Reconstruction era, rice crops still had an important impact on the county. The 2023 festival was the 48th year it has taken place. Each festival hosts a parade, live music, a pageant, run/walk, along with a cooking contest. The Rice Festival is typically, a two-day event, held on a Friday and Saturday.

Walterboro Wildlife Sanctuary

The Walterboro Wildlife Sanctuary is the largest estuarine sanctuary on the East Coast of the United States. Made up of hardwood forest and "braided creek" systems, the Sanctuary includes boardwalks, walking trails, bicycle paths, a canoe/kayak trail, observation areas, and a 10,000-square-foot (1,000 m2) Discovery Center is currently being built. Upon completion, the Sanctuary will be the most significant nature-based facility in the lower part of South Carolina. It is open every day from dawn until dusk and is free. It is located on Detreville Street in Walterboro.

The South Carolina Artisans Center

The South Carolina Artisans Center is the official folk art and craft center of the state. Located on Wichman Street in downtown Walterboro, it is open to the public and free of admission charge. It is open to the public, from 9 am to 5 pm, Monday through Saturday; remaining closed only on Sundays.

Other attractions

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
1870636
18806918.6%
18901,17169.5%
19001,49127.3%
19101,67712.5%
19201,85310.5%
19302,59239.9%
19403,37330.1%
19504,61636.9%
19605,41717.4%
19706,25715.5%
19806,209−0.8%
19905,492−11.5%
20005,153−6.2%
20105,3984.8%
20205,5442.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[2]

2020 census

Walterboro racial composition[14]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 2,354 42.46%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 2,664 48.05%
Native American 16 0.29%
Asian 97 1.75%
Pacific Islander 1 0.02%
Other/Mixed 201 3.63%
Hispanic or Latino 211 3.81%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 5,544 people, 2,569 households, and 1,265 families residing in the city.

2010 census

As of, the 2010 U.S. census,[3] there were 5,401 people living in the city. The population density was 832.0 inhabitants per square mile (321.2/km2). There were 2,571 housing units, at an average density of 475.8 per square mile (183.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was: 44.1% Non-Hispanic White, 50.5% African American, 0.3% Native American, 1.0% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, and 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino, of any race, constituted 2.9% of the population.

There were 2,231 households, out of which 28.2% had children under the age of 18 years living with them, 39.0% were married couples living together, 23.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.8% were non-families. 30.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 25.8% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 24.6% from 25 to 44, 23.0% from 45 to 64, and 17.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 79.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 73.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $24,135, and the median income for a family was $32,549. Males had a median income of $27,488 versus $20,351 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,223. About 20.6% of families and 30.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 37.1% of those under age 18 and 10.4% of those age 65 or over.

Ethnicity

As of 2016 the largest self-reported ancestries/ethnicities in Walterboro, South Carolina were:

Largest ancestries (2016) Percent
English 9.8%
"American" 6.7%
German 5.8%
Scots-Irish 4.1%
French 3.2%
Italian 0.6%
Welsh 0.3%

[15]

Education

Walterboro is in the Colleton County School District.[16]

Walterboro has several public and private schools in its surrounding area. There are five public elementary schools (Bells Elementary, Cottageville Elementary, Hendersonville Elementary, Forest Hills Elementary, and Northside Elementary, one public middle school (Colleton County Middle School), and one public high school (Colleton County High School). There are two private K-12 schools: Colleton Preparatory Academy and North Walterboro Christian Academy. The University of South Carolina Salkehatchie is the city's local university and Clemson University has a county extension office in the city.

Walterboro has a public library branch of the Colleton County Library System.[17]

Notable people

Infrastructure

Walterboro is accessible from Interstate 95 (access at exits 53 and 57), where lodging, dining, and gas station facilities make it a popular stopping point for travelers. Other roads of importance include U.S. Highway 15, Alternate U.S. Highway 17, and several state highways. The Lowcountry Regional Airport provides general aviation services to Walterboro and Colleton County.

References

  1. ^ "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 15, 2022.
  2. ^ a b "Census Population API". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 15, 2022.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  5. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Walterboro city, South Carolina". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved July 1, 2015.
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  7. ^ "Documentary features Catholic Hill". Walterboro Live. August 13, 2020. Retrieved July 9, 2021.
  8. ^ "Catholic Hill". Colleton County Historical and Preservation Society. October 25, 2018. Retrieved July 9, 2021.
  9. ^ "St. James the Greater Catholic Church". SC Picture Project. May 2, 2012. Retrieved July 9, 2021.
  10. ^ Wingard, George (May 6, 2020), We Came A Long Way By Faith: Catholic Hill and St. James the Greater Catholic Church, retrieved July 9, 2021
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  12. ^ "NOWData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved April 23, 2023.
  13. ^ "Summary of Monthly Normals 1991–2020". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved April 23, 2023.
  14. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 15, 2021.
  15. ^ "American FactFinder - Results". Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 24, 2017.
  16. ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Colleton County, SC" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 3, 2023. - Text list
  17. ^ "South Carolina libraries and archives". SCIWAY. Retrieved June 8, 2019.