Wang Xuan
BornFebruary 5, 1937
Jiangsu, China
DiedFebruary 13, 2006 (aged 69)
Alma materPeking University
Scientific career
FieldsComputer science

Wang Xuan (simplified Chinese: 王选; traditional Chinese: 王選; pinyin: Wáng Xuǎn; February 5, 1937 – February 13, 2006), born in Wuxi, Jiangsu, was a Chinese computer scientist and businessman. He was a computer application specialist and innovator of the Chinese printing industry, as well as an academician at both the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Chinese Academy of Engineering. He was the vice-president of the CPPCC and founder of the major technology conglomerate company Founder Group in 1986.[1]

Biography

Negative film for examining characters used by Wang Xuan
Negative film for examining characters used by Wang Xuan

Wang Xuan graduated from the Department of Mathematics and Mechanics at Peking University in 1958 and devoted himself to computer science education and research. He was mainly involved in research into computer processing of words, graphics and images. In 1975, he was in charge of the research and development of laser typesetting systems in the Chinese language and of electronic publishing systems.[1] Surpassing Japan's second-generation optical designation and the third-generation CRT designation, the fourth-generation laser typesetting system he invented has not yet come onto the market in other countries. Thus he is dubbed "the Father of Chinese Language Laser Typesetting".[2]

Awards and honors

Wang Xuan was awarded the State Preeminent Science and Technology Award in 2001 by President Jiang Zemin.[1] Started in 2000, this highest degree prize of science and technology in China, has only been awarded to 9 scientists by 2006. Asteroid 4913 Wangxuan, discovered at the Purple Mountain Observatory in 1965, was named in his memory.[3] The official naming citation was published by the Minor Planet Center on 24 November 2007 (M.P.C. 61266).[4]

References

  1. ^ a b c "Newsmaker: Wang Xuan, Winner of Top Sci-Tech Award}". People's Daily. 2002-02-02. Retrieved 2020-01-08.
  2. ^ "Father of Laser Photo Typesetting System: Wang Xuan". Retrieved 2020-01-08.
  3. ^ "4913 Wangxuan (1965 SO)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 2020-01-08.
  4. ^ "MPC/MPO/MPS Archive". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 2020-01-08.