Wanning
万宁市
Wancheng Town the seat of Wanning
Wancheng Town the seat of Wanning
Map showing entire Qionghai area within Hainan province
Map showing entire Qionghai area within Hainan province
Coordinates: 18°47′0″N 110°23′0″E / 18.78333°N 110.38333°E / 18.78333; 110.38333
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceHainan
Area
 • Total4,443 km2 (1,715 sq mi)
 • Land1,883.5 km2 (727.2 sq mi)
 • Water2,550 km2 (980 sq mi)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total545,597
 • Density120/km2 (320/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China standard time)
Wanning
Traditional Chinese萬寧
Simplified Chinese万宁
PostalManning
Literal meaningUncountably Long Peace
Wanning (1962)
Wanning (1962)

Wanning or in local Hainanese dialect as Ban Ning is a county-level city in the southeast of Hainan Province, China. Although called a "city", Wanning refers to both the county seat and to the entire county as a whole. The county-wide area has an estimated population of 65,871 (2006).

History

Wanning (万宁) first got its current name during the Southern Song Dynasty, after being renamed from Wan'an (万安县). Wanning was later renamed back to Wan'an again in 1143 until its name was changed to Wanzhou (万州) in 1370, but subsequently reverted to its present name after the Communist takeover in the 1950s. It was promoted from a county to a city on August 5, 1996.

Economy

Tourism plays a vital role in the city. Famous for its tropical scenery, Wanning proper lies approximately half an hour's drive from the beach and has several five-star hotels. The city of Wanning produces coffee, black pepper, rubber, rice, bananas, and sugarcane.

Transportation

Wanning is served by the Wanning Railway Station, part of the Hainan East Ring Intercity Rail.

Climate

Wanning is hot most of the year. At times it can become cold with temperatures between 5 and 8 degrees Celsius.

Climate data for Wanning (1981−2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 30.3
(86.5)
30.7
(87.3)
32.4
(90.3)
34.0
(93.2)
35.9
(96.6)
37.1
(98.8)
36.7
(98.1)
36.5
(97.7)
35.7
(96.3)
33.5
(92.3)
31.4
(88.5)
30.6
(87.1)
37.1
(98.8)
Average high °C (°F) 23.3
(73.9)
24.4
(75.9)
26.7
(80.1)
29.6
(85.3)
31.6
(88.9)
32.2
(90.0)
32.4
(90.3)
32.3
(90.1)
31.1
(88.0)
29.1
(84.4)
26.4
(79.5)
23.7
(74.7)
28.6
(83.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 19.5
(67.1)
20.9
(69.6)
23.2
(73.8)
26.1
(79.0)
27.9
(82.2)
28.8
(83.8)
28.8
(83.8)
28.4
(83.1)
27.3
(81.1)
25.8
(78.4)
23.0
(73.4)
20.2
(68.4)
25.0
(77.0)
Average low °C (°F) 16.8
(62.2)
18.4
(65.1)
20.7
(69.3)
23.7
(74.7)
25.2
(77.4)
26.1
(79.0)
26.0
(78.8)
25.5
(77.9)
24.5
(76.1)
23.1
(73.6)
20.5
(68.9)
17.6
(63.7)
22.3
(72.2)
Record low °C (°F) 8.0
(46.4)
8.7
(47.7)
7.4
(45.3)
15.2
(59.4)
17.1
(62.8)
21.3
(70.3)
21.9
(71.4)
22.4
(72.3)
20.2
(68.4)
14.7
(58.5)
11.7
(53.1)
7.2
(45.0)
7.2
(45.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 46.8
(1.84)
38.0
(1.50)
63.9
(2.52)
112.6
(4.43)
189.0
(7.44)
181.5
(7.15)
202.3
(7.96)
193.7
(7.63)
355.4
(13.99)
383.8
(15.11)
174.8
(6.88)
100.1
(3.94)
2,041.9
(80.39)
Average relative humidity (%) 85 86 85 85 83 83 82 84 85 84 83 83 84
Source: China Meteorological Data Service Center[1]

References

  1. ^ 中国地面气候标准值月值(1981-2010) (in Simplified Chinese). China Meteorological Data Service Center. Retrieved 15 October 2019.

Coordinates: 18°48′N 110°24′E / 18.800°N 110.400°E / 18.800; 110.400