RegionHighlands of Irian Jaya
Native speakers
1,000 (2011)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3wno

Wano is a Papuan language of the Indonesian New Guinea Highlands.


Consonant phonemes[2]
Bilabial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n
Plosive p b t d k ʔ
Fricative β
Approximant j w
Vowel phonemes[2]
Front Back
High i u
Mid ɛ ɔ
Close a

As well as the monophthongs described above, Wano also has seven diphthongs: /i̯a/, /ɛi̯/, /ai̯/, /au̯/, /ɔi̯/, /ɔu̯/, and /ui̯/.[2]


The voiced plosives /b/ and /d/ are imploded word-initially and intervocalically.[2]
When a nasal occurs before /p/, /p/ becomes a prenasalized voiced plosive [ᵐb]. Similarly, when a nasal occurs before /t/ or /k/, they become, respectively, [ⁿd] and [ᵑɡ].[2]
/p/, /k/, /ɡ/, and /ɡ/'s allophone, [ᵑɡ] become labialized before /w/, with /ɡ/ becoming [ɣʷ].[2]
The sequences /tj/ and /dj/ become the palatal fricatives /ç ʝ/.[2]

See also


  1. ^ Wano at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Burung, Willem (2007). The Phonology of Wano (PDF). SIL International.