The relationship between war and genocide is a subject of scholarly analysis and debate.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11] According to Norman Naimark, war greatly increases the risk of genocide: "if there weren’t other very good reasons to prevent war, the correlation between war and genocide is a good one".[12]


Norman Naimark writes

throughout its history genocide has had a very close relationship to war. Even during periods of peace, the threat of war or the ostensible need to prepare for war can instigate genocidal situations. War is not a necessary precondition for genocide, and genocide does not necessarily occur during war. Still, genocide is most often associated with wartime intentions, policies, and actions. This is as true of ancient times as of the present. In fact, the general decrease in the incidence of war and civil conflict over the ages no doubt contributes to the decreasing incidence of genocide.[13]


  1. ^ Cushman, Thomas (2000). "Genocide or civil War?: Human rights and the politics of conceptualization". Human Rights Review. 1 (3): 12–14. doi:10.1007/s12142-000-1018-7. S2CID 143325122.
  2. ^ Alvarez, Alex (2016). "Genocide in the Context of War". The Palgrave Handbook of Criminology and War. Palgrave Macmillan UK. pp. 99–115. ISBN 978-1-137-43170-7.
  3. ^ Hammond, Philip (2018). "When frames collide: 'Ethnic war' and 'genocide'" (PDF). Media, War & Conflict. 11 (4): 434–445. doi:10.1177/1750635218776994. S2CID 149712137.
  4. ^ Nichols, Angela (2018). "THE ORIGINS OF GENOCIDE IN CIVIL WAR". TRAMES. XXII (1): 89–101. doi:10.3176/tr.2018.1.05. ISSN 1406-0922.
  5. ^ Bartov, Omer (2013). Germany's War and the Holocaust: Disputed Histories. Cornell University Press. ISBN 978-0-8014-6882-7.
  6. ^ Mulaj, Klejda (2017). "Genocide and the ending of war: Meaning, remembrance and denial in Srebrenica, Bosnia". Crime, Law and Social Change. 68 (1): 123–143. doi:10.1007/s10611-017-9690-6. hdl:10871/27475. ISSN 1573-0751. S2CID 149150324.
  7. ^ Shaw, Martin (2015). War and Genocide: Organised Killing in Modern Society. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 978-0-7456-9752-9.
  8. ^ Bergen, Doris L. (2016). War and Genocide: A Concise History of the Holocaust. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. ISBN 978-1-4422-4229-6.
  9. ^ Straus, Scott (2015). Making and Unmaking Nations: The Origins and Dynamics of Genocide in Contemporary Africa. Cornell University Press. ISBN 978-0-8014-7968-7.
  10. ^ Midlarsky, Manus I. (2019). Genocide and Religion in Times of War. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-022863-7.
  11. ^ Uzonyi, Gary; Demir, Burak (2020). "Excluded Ethnic Groups, Conflict Contagion, and the Onset of Genocide and Politicide during Civil War". International Studies Quarterly. 64 (4): 857–866. doi:10.1093/isq/sqaa059.
  12. ^ Stanford, F. S. I. (13 April 2017). "Why do humans commit genocide?". Medium. Retrieved 25 October 2020.
  13. ^ Naimark 2017, p. 16.