Watton

Watton town centre
Watton
Watton
Location within Norfolk
Area7.20 km2 (2.78 sq mi)
Population7,202 (2011 census)[1]
• Density1,000/km2 (2,600/sq mi)
OS grid referenceTF916008
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townThetford
Postcode districtIP25
Dialling code01953
PoliceNorfolk
FireNorfolk
AmbulanceEast of England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Norfolk
52°34′17″N 0°49′33″E / 52.57127°N 0.82586°E / 52.57127; 0.82586Coordinates: 52°34′17″N 0°49′33″E / 52.57127°N 0.82586°E / 52.57127; 0.82586

Watton is a market town in the district of Breckland in the English county of Norfolk, about 25 miles (40 km) west-southwest of Norwich and 14.5 miles (23.3 km) northeast of Thetford. The annual Wayland Agricultural Show in its west is one of the oldest one-day such shows in England.

History

The towns name means 'Wada's farm/settlement'.[2]

At the time of Edward the Confessor, Watton consisted of two manors, the head manor held by the freewoman Aldred, and the other held by Ralf FitzWalter, which was a gift of the King. By 1139 it was in the possession of Robert de Vaux. After passing to various descendants, Richard de Rupella (elsewhere Rokele) was granted the manor in 1249 as a reward for his service as a knight, and it came to be known as Rokele's Manor. In 1414, Watton fell under John, Lord Roos of Hamlak, and by 1462 the manors were owned by Richard Rosse and Robert Wessingham.[3]

In 1608, Sir Edward Barkham bought Curson's manor (parcels of Watton Hall and Rokele manors), and in 1632 he was cited as the lord of Watton Hall, which he kept until after 1660.[3] On 25 April 1674 a great fire broke out destroying sixty houses, the Butchers Shambles and other buildings, amounting to an estimated £7450 (equivalent to £1,100,000 in 2019) in structural damage. The town was rebuilt, and was visited by Thomas Baskerville in 1681 who noted the new buildings and a new bowling green at the "George" inn.[4]

RAF Watton opened on 4 January 1939 under Command Group Captain F. J. Vincent. Between July 1944 and August 1945 it was used by the US 25th Bomber Group, a reconnaissance team. Command № 199 Squadron was based there in the early 1950s and operations ended in 1963. In 1995, part of the camp was sold to make way for the Blenheim Grange housing estate.[5]

Geography

Watton is 13 miles (21 km) northeast of Thetford and about 25 miles (40 km) southwest of Norwich; somewhat more by road. The A1075 Dereham-Thetford road and the B1108 Brandon-Norwich Road meet at a crossroads at Watton.

Saham Toney lies to the northwest, Ovington to the north, Carbrooke to the northeast and Griston to the southeast.[6]

Landmarks

Watton Clock Tower
Watton Clock Tower
St Mary's Parish Church
St Mary's Parish Church

Watton High Street contains a distinctive Clock Tower which was built in 1679 by wealthy local merchant Christopher Hey after the fire of 1674, with a bell designed to act like an alarm bell to surrounding villages. In 1827 a new clock was installed, and the tower cemented, and in 1935 the clock face was updated to celebrate the Silver Jubilee of King George V and Queen Mary. In 2015, following a leak and the clock failing, it underwent restoration in 2017.[7]

St Mary's Parish Church, at the end of Church Road to the north of the main road in Watton is dated to between 1100 and 1135 in the Norman and Gothic styles. It was originally dedicated to St Giles, but in the early 15th century it was rededicated to St Mary. In the 1840s it underwent significant alterations, with the aisles widened to accommodate up to 480 people. The six bells in the round tower were financed in 1899.[8] In 2012 it was announced that the church was due to undergo a £500,000 refurbishment.[9]

Culture

The Wayland Agricultural Show in western Watton is one of the oldest one-day agricultural shows in England, operational since at least 1880.[10] The event features nationally rare livestock, cattle, pigs, sheep, fur, feather, many marquees and trade stands, displays of classic cars, vintage tractors, gun dogs, falconry and horse and carriage rides, and many equestrian events.[11] The event attracts up to 10,000 visitors annually. It was held in August, but in 2019 the organizers moved it to May Day weekend due to families often being away on holiday during August.[10]

Education

Wayland Academy on Merton Road was converted to academy status in August 2012, and was previously a community school under the direct control of Norfolk County Council.[12]

Sport

Watton United F.C. was established in 1888.[13] In the 2015-16 season the team won Anglian Combination Division Three, and a 3rd place finish the following season in Division Two in 2016–17 saw them win promotion to Anglian Combination Division One.[14] Richmond Park Golf Club is between Watton and Saham Toney. In 2019 it was announced that the club will be transformed into a luxury private resort, with the addition of a 60-bedroom hotel, gym, spa and swimming pools.[15]

Transport

A station at Watton, on the Thetford & Watton Railway, opened in October 1869 and closed in June 1964 as part of the Beeching cuts. The line itself was closed in April 1965.[16] In 2018, more than 900 residents signed a petition to look at a new station and train service in Watton.[17]

The A1075 is the main road through Watton, connecting it to Thetford and Dereham.[18]

References

  1. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 14 August 2016.
  2. ^ http://kepn.nottingham.ac.uk/map/place/Norfolk/Watton
  3. ^ a b Francis Blomefield, 'Hundred of Wayland: Watton', in An Essay Towards A Topographical History of the County of Norfolk: Volume 2 (London, 1805), pp. 312-319. British History Online, Retrieved 27 February 2020.
  4. ^ "The Town Pump". History of Watton. Retrieved 27 February 2020.
  5. ^ "RAF Watton". forces-war-records.co.uk. Retrieved 27 February 2020.
  6. ^ Google (27 February 2020). "Watton, Norfolk" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 27 February 2020.
  7. ^ "Watton High Street Clock Tower Restoration". Wykamol. 14 March 2017. Retrieved 27 February 2020.
  8. ^ "St Mary's Church". Historyofwatton.org.uk. Retrieved 27 February 2020.
  9. ^ "St Mary's Parish Church in Watton to become community hub after £500,000 refurbishment". Eastern Daily Press. 2 April 2012. Retrieved 27 February 2020.
  10. ^ a b "Wayland Show cancelled for summer 2019 as organisers move date". Eastern Daily Press. 21 January 2019. Retrieved 27 February 2020.
  11. ^ "Wayland Agricultural Show". buylocalnorfolk.org. Retrieved 27 February 2020.
  12. ^ "Watton's Wayland Community High School to become an academy". Eastern Daily Press. 5 October 2011. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  13. ^ Blakeman, M (2010) The Official History of the Eastern Counties Football League 1935-2010, Volume II ISBN 978-1-908037-02-2
  14. ^ "Watton United". Football Club History Database. Retrieved 27 February 2020.
  15. ^ "Golf club will be transformed into luxury holiday resort, say investors". Eastern Daily Press. 23 November 2019. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  16. ^ "Station Name:Watton (Norfolk)". Disused Stations. Retrieved 27 February 2020.
  17. ^ "Watton teenager starts petition to reinstate Watton to Thetford railway line". Watton and Swaffham Times. 8 February 2018. Retrieved 27 February 2020.
  18. ^ "Council "lost count" of times it asked county council to lower the speed limit". Watton and Swaffham Times. 6 September 2019. Retrieved 27 February 2020.