Wayne County
Wayne County Courthouse in Fairfield
Map of Illinois highlighting Wayne County
Location within the U.S. state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 38°26′N 88°25′W / 38.43°N 88.42°W / 38.43; -88.42
Country United States
State Illinois
Founded1819
Named forAnthony Wayne
SeatFairfield
Largest cityFairfield
Area
 • Total715 sq mi (1,850 km2)
 • Land714 sq mi (1,850 km2)
 • Water1.7 sq mi (4 km2)  0.2%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total16,760
 • Estimate 
(2018)
16,332
 • Density23/sq mi (9.1/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district15th
Websitewww.fairfield-il.com/county/

Wayne County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 16,760.[1] Its county seat is Fairfield.[2] It is located in the southern portion of Illinois known locally as "Little Egypt".

History

Wayne County was formed in 1819 out of Edwards County. It is named after Gen. "Mad Anthony" Wayne, an officer in the Revolutionary War and Northwest Indian War.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 715 square miles (1,850 km2), of which 714 square miles (1,850 km2) is land and 1.7 square miles (4.4 km2) (0.2%) is water.[3]

Climate and weather

Fairfield, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
2.8
 
 
37
20
 
 
2.7
 
 
43
24
 
 
4.6
 
 
54
33
 
 
4.8
 
 
66
43
 
 
4.7
 
 
76
52
 
 
4.2
 
 
85
61
 
 
3.8
 
 
88
65
 
 
3.4
 
 
87
63
 
 
2.9
 
 
80
55
 
 
3.3
 
 
68
44
 
 
4.3
 
 
53
34
 
 
3.5
 
 
42
24
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[4]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Fairfield have ranged from a low of 20 °F (−7 °C) in January to a high of 88 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −23 °F (−31 °C) was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 113 °F (45 °C) was recorded in July 1901. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.70 inches (69 mm) in February to 4.80 inches (122 mm) in April.[4]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18201,114
18302,553129.2%
18405,133101.1%
18506,82533.0%
186012,22379.1%
187019,75861.6%
188021,2917.8%
189023,80611.8%
190027,62616.0%
191025,697−7.0%
192022,772−11.4%
193019,130−16.0%
194022,09215.5%
195020,933−5.2%
196019,008−9.2%
197017,004−10.5%
198018,0596.2%
199017,241−4.5%
200017,151−0.5%
201016,760−2.3%
2018 (est.)16,332[5]−2.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 16,760 people, 7,102 households, and 4,853 families living in the county.[10] The population density was 23.5 inhabitants per square mile (9.1/km2). There were 7,975 housing units at an average density of 11.2 per square mile (4.3/km2).[3] The racial makeup of the county was 98.0% white, 0.4% Asian, 0.3% black or African American, 0.2% American Indian, 0.3% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.1% of the population.[10] In terms of ancestry, 17.0% were German, 14.1% were English, 12.7% were American, and 9.8% were Irish.[11]

Of the 7,102 households, 28.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.1% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.7% were non-families, and 28.4% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.86. The median age was 42.9 years.[10]

The median income for a household in the county was $39,207 and the median income for a family was $47,879. Males had a median income of $34,800 versus $27,192 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,493. About 9.9% of families and 14.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.0% of those under age 18 and 13.8% of those age 65 or over.[12]

Communities

City

Villages

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Wayne County is divided into these 20 townships:

Program 1033 Acquisitions

According to Department of Defense data, Wayne County has received six 5.56MM rifles and three "Utility Trucks" with a total acquisition cost of $120,705.[13]

Politics

United States presidential election results for Wayne County, Illinois[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 7,176 84.43% 1,187 13.97% 136 1.60%
2016 6,967 83.93% 1,048 12.62% 286 3.45%
2012 5,988 77.80% 1,514 19.67% 195 2.53%
2008 5,390 66.78% 2,547 31.56% 134 1.66%
2004 6,102 73.63% 2,139 25.81% 46 0.56%
2000 5,347 69.50% 2,209 28.71% 137 1.78%
1996 4,029 49.50% 3,054 37.52% 1,057 12.99%
1992 3,809 42.93% 3,332 37.56% 1,731 19.51%
1988 5,481 63.29% 3,135 36.20% 44 0.51%
1984 6,298 70.36% 2,621 29.28% 32 0.36%
1980 6,013 62.92% 3,258 34.09% 286 2.99%
1976 5,211 54.39% 4,303 44.91% 67 0.70%
1972 6,400 69.75% 2,763 30.11% 12 0.13%
1968 5,532 59.59% 2,993 32.24% 759 8.18%
1964 4,745 47.72% 5,198 52.28% 0 0.00%
1960 6,652 62.67% 3,954 37.25% 9 0.08%
1956 6,286 61.37% 3,942 38.49% 14 0.14%
1952 6,495 62.34% 3,911 37.54% 12 0.12%
1948 4,984 54.69% 4,070 44.66% 60 0.66%
1944 5,683 58.21% 4,019 41.17% 61 0.62%
1940 6,556 53.77% 5,569 45.68% 67 0.55%
1936 5,528 48.79% 5,752 50.77% 50 0.44%
1932 4,097 42.43% 5,488 56.84% 71 0.74%
1928 5,189 62.04% 3,108 37.16% 67 0.80%
1924 4,937 52.70% 4,247 45.34% 184 1.96%
1920 4,908 60.50% 3,137 38.67% 68 0.84%
1916 5,383 50.99% 4,934 46.74% 239 2.26%
1912 1,418 25.20% 2,378 42.26% 1,831 32.54%
1908 2,946 49.60% 2,791 46.99% 203 3.42%
1904 3,078 52.63% 2,416 41.31% 354 6.05%
1900 3,117 48.97% 3,062 48.11% 186 2.92%
1896 2,906 47.80% 3,102 51.03% 71 1.17%
1892 2,350 43.75% 2,372 44.16% 649 12.08%


See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 9, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved July 12, 2015.
  4. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Fairfield, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved January 27, 2011.
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved November 2, 2019.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 9, 2014.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 9, 2014.
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 9, 2014.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 9, 2014.
  10. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved July 12, 2015.
  11. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved July 12, 2015.
  12. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved July 12, 2015.
  13. ^ https://raw.githubusercontent.com/TheUpshot/Military-Surplus-Gear/master/1033-program-foia-may-2014.csv[bare URL plain text file]
  14. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved November 13, 2018.

Coordinates: 38°26′N 88°25′W / 38.43°N 88.42°W / 38.43; -88.42